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The fact of some fraternal twins resembling each other greatly and others looking quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely they vary considerably on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.



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当前版本由 百香果蜂蜜茶 更新于2015-12-03 17:08:26 感谢由 百香果蜂蜜茶 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

题目释义:That……highlights……,namely that……


选项分析:

A. the fact后面用of无法完全解释fact的内容,应该用that引导的同位语从句,来说明twins发生了什么fact(更多详见补充);namely是副词,后面直接加句子错,应该加上连词that;

B. Correct;namely that修饰that引导的名词性从句;

C. It无所指;with独立主格做伴随状语,其所修饰的主语必须能够“被伴随”,而在此it逻辑意思上无法“被伴随”;variation与feature并不对等,因此namely无补充说明对象;

D. It指代正确,因为是结构it is a fact that结构的一部分,强调句;a fact无所指;with独立主格错误同C;namely无补充说明对象;

E. Because引导的是原因状语从句,而并不是名词性从句,使得this fact无所指;namely后应该加上that;



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    默默

    namely 不能用在独立的句子前面
    3楼  | 2018-06-21 18:24:54 回复
    • 评论用户头像
      默默: with后面的结构太复杂了

      2018-06-21 23:17:34 回复

    • 评论用户头像
      默默: it指代

      2018-06-23 12:59:06 回复

    • 评论用户头像
      默默: with 后面太复杂

      2018-06-23 13:02:58 回复

    •  
  • 用户头像

    默默

    先主后从
    2楼  | 2018-06-20 06:15:24 回复
    • 评论用户头像
      默默: AC排除,E逻辑关系错误

      2018-06-21 18:23:30 回复

    • 评论用户头像
      默默: 不符合

      2018-06-21 18:23:37 回复

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    天天都在树下

    Ron
    
    * "namely" must be used either before a noun or before a noun phrase / clause. 
    you can't use it directly before an independent clause. 
    because of this principle, you can't say "namely they vary...". however, "namely that they vary..." and "namely considerable variation" are both fine. 
    this kills (a) and (e). 
    
    * "the fact of X doing Y" is universally incorrect. 
    this kills (a). 
    
    * the sentence openers starting with "with" are incorrect. to work properly, they'd have to be followed by a subject that's actually "with" those things. 
    example: with five all-state players in its backfield, ballard high looks to shut down opposing offenses completely --> this makes sense, because ballard high actually has five all-state players in its backfield, thus justifying the use of "with". there's no corresponding sense of possession / belonging here. 
    this kills (c) and (d). 
    
    * the structure of choice (e) indicates that "this fact" is something other than the cited fact about fraternal twins' resemblance. 
    that kills (e). 
    
    * "it" is a pronoun with no antecedent in (c). (by contrast, in (d), "it" is fine because it's part of the special construction "it is a fact that...", which behaves in the same manner as constructions such as "it is surprising that..."). 
    
    -- 
    
    the correct answer is (b). 
    
    make sure that you understand that "that X does Y" is a noun clause, and can function as a noun; indeed, it's the subject of the sentence in the correct answer choice.
    1楼  | 2017-11-21 11:36:33 回复
    • 评论用户头像
      默默: u

      2018-06-20 06:38:39 回复

    • 评论用户头像
      默默: m

      2018-06-20 07:11:39 回复

    • 评论用户头像
      默默: 名词性从句充当名词

      2018-06-21 23:20:49 回复

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