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【OG19-P720-772题】

Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were last year.

  • 分析A选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析B选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析C选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析D选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析E选项 分析选校图标
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该题平均耗时:2m12s ,平均正确率:55.4%。 该题由网友NKmKA提供。更多GMAT题目请

网友解析

当前版本由 感觉自己萌萌哒 更新于2015-11-06 14:13:45 感谢由 感觉自己萌萌哒 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
比较平行结构
A:price are higher this year & price are higher last year平行
B: OVER用法错误,应该用than
C: this year 和 last year’s 不平行; did 跟 are 不对等;
D: It is the expectation啰嗦 ,能用动词表达,就不用 名词;over用法错误。
E: It is expected that 不简洁;this year 和 last year’s 不平行; more的位置不能随意改变,应该紧跟barral
当前版本由 01Z**** 更新于2015-11-22 14:24:14 感谢由 01Z**** 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

主语prices,谓语are 谓语are expected,原文有两个than,一个是主句的比较,一个是because从句里的内容的比较。主句中是状语的比较,比较结构完整。从句的谓语是are paying,than后面谓语的省略为were,完全正确,因为than后有last year的限定,所以首先是和前面的谓语一直,留下被动语态助动词be,其次得考虑last year这个事态,所以是were。

B选项主句有higher比较级,但是没有than,固定用法错误。C选项last year’s 应该是省略后面的名词了,一般than后面出现省略名词,那么省略的名词指代的是主语。所以这句话语义上称了今年的expectations和去年的expectations比较了,违背原文语义。D选项和B选项有同样的固定用法错误。E选项 显然没有A选项简洁。



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  • 用户头像

    雷哥的司机

    摘自gmatclub:
    Quote:
    (A) Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were
    
    The pronoun “they” always jumps off the page at me, and in this case, it seems to refer to “refiners”, the most recent plural. That’s fine.
    
    I’m also OK with the comparison: “refiners are paying… more for crude oil than they were [paying] last year.” I don't think that it’s ideal, but it’s definitely not wrong, and the GMAT would argue that the word “paying” is implied after “were.” Again, I’m not crazy about it, but it conveys the meaning clearly enough.
    
    So let’s keep (A), I guess.
    
    Quote:
    (B) Heating-oil prices are expected to rise higher this year over last because refiners pay about $5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did
    
    The phrase “expected to rise higher this year over last” is definitely a mess. You would never say that prices “rise higher.” They either just rise, or they just ARE higher. I’m also not sure why we would use “over last” instead of “than last.” 
    
    The placement of “more” is also really confusing. “More” modifies “pay about $5 a barrel”, and there’s no good reason to stick the word “more” so far away from the phrase it logically modifies. 
    
    But for whatever it’s worth: “they” still seems to refer perfectly reasonably to “refiners.” And the word “did” replaces the verb “pay” (or “paid”, since “did” is past tense). So those things are OK.
    
    But I don’t think we can get over the silly placement of “more” and the "rise higher" mess at the beginning of the sentence. So (B) is out.
    16楼  | 2018-12-01 09:55:05 回复
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    ZoeyYoung

    B.higher后面没有用than而是用over,错误,且原句中是‘refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were', 也就是说炼油者付5刀一桶更多的为了原油,比较原油。而B中,’refiners pay about $5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did'意思是说这些人付5刀一桶比去年付的多,比较价格,改变句意
    
    C.  this year和last year's不对等,did和are paying不对等,且more than位置错误同B。(接下来这一点不确定,求NN指正:expectation为主语,改变了句意,使得句意变为对油价的期望值变高了,所以改变句意)
    
    D。higher后面没有用than而是用over,错误。what they were错误,are paying这个动作不能和一个名词比较。
    
    E.  this year和last year's不对等,且more than位置错误同B
    15楼  | 2018-09-09 21:21:06 回复
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    Rofinia

    Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than (they were)last(year).
    比较中的省略用法。
    
    E this year和last year's不平行
    14楼  | 2018-08-09 15:12:55 回复
  • 用户头像

    棒棒猫

    有rise higher这种表达吗
    13楼  | 2018-08-02 15:42:31 回复
    • 评论用户头像
      kk7: 没有吧 rise和higher不是redundant嘛

      2018-08-13 09:52:17 回复

    • 评论用户头像
      考GMAT的大树: 同问! 我也觉得rise和higher重复了

      2018-12-19 16:47:37 回复

    •  
  • 用户头像

    STTTS

    a选项this year than last没问题吗?第一个就把a排除了。。
    12楼  | 2018-07-06 03:43:45 回复
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    ArchZoo

    第一段类似I walk as fast now as [I walked] when I was younger. 省略clause
    11楼  | 2018-07-04 19:30:42 回复
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    iRenee

    “last”和“this”是平行的,“last”是“last year”省略后的结果,将省略部分补齐之后,比较句式为“Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than(it was)last(year)”
    10楼  | 2018-04-14 15:15:12 回复
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    默默

    比较对象前后都对称
    9楼  | 2018-04-14 02:04:55 回复
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    bri

    不太懂 this year than last... 没有问题吗?为什么不是this year than last year? year省略了?这是什么用法??
    8楼  | 2018-03-22 08:51:55 回复
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    奋斗的小汤圆

    比较的原因先排除BCE吧?
    7楼  | 2017-12-08 19:36:57 回复
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