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Paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould has argued that many biological traits are not the products of natural selection, favored due to their enhancement of reproduction or survival, but that they are simply random by-products of other evolutionary developments.

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当前版本由 abccccccc 更新于2015-11-29 12:01:50 感谢由 abccccccc 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

考点  平行  逻辑语义

表示原因时,because表达最清楚,优于due to和because of;not...but...前后平行;

but是连词也是介词;

A  not...but...不平行

B due to用法不准确

C but存在平行歧义;有可能是random和reproduction or survival平行

D 正确;are not...but are...平行

E because of不优选


按钮 我有更好的解析
按钮 我有更好的解析

题目讨论 (如果对题目有任何的疑惑,欢迎在这里提出来,大家会帮你解答的哦~)
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  • 用户头像

    Kath1230

    because of doing不选
    11楼  | 2019-02-11 19:34:27 回复
  • 用户头像

    汪二喵

    are not but are,排前三个;because of doing排E
    10楼  | 2018-12-15 21:21:11 回复
  • 用户头像

    AUCHUI

    • "not X but Y": 
    this construction implies that X is what's "normal" or "expected", and that Y is what's actually true.
    e.g.,
    I was surprised to learn that Ella was not Clint's biological daughter but in fact his adopted daughter, since her facial features so closely resemble his.
    (here, since the girl looks so much like her dad, we EXPECT to find out that she's his biological daughter.)
    
    • "X but Y": 
    this just implies a contrast, but NOT any expectation.
    (in THIS PARTICULAR sentence—as already explained in this thread—the "X" part includes the word "not".)
    e.g.,
    I am not a mechanic, but can perform basic maintenance on non-hybrid cars.
    
    __
    
    this sentence DOES describe a contrast—these things aren't products of natural selection, BUT they ARE products of essentially random selection processes.
    
    on the other hand, it DOES NOT describe any sort of situation with an "expected" or "predictable" result.
    
    thus it should not use the first construction; it should use the second one.
    to make this sentence into "X, but Y", we need to include the are on the right-hand side.
    9楼  | 2018-11-09 15:31:22 回复
  • 用户头像

    默默

    due to the fact that
    8楼  | 2018-04-18 13:11:48 回复
    • 评论用户头像
      默默: because of 最好跟名词形式

      2018-04-18 13:13:16 回复

    • 评论用户头像
      默默: 会有平行歧义,所以形式要与你要并列的对称

      2018-04-18 13:14:18 回复

    •  
  • 用户头像

    shirleylan

    此题结构是X not Y,表示的转折关系,如果去掉are(lock Word)会产生歧义。
    举例:
    Jimmy was not the typical class president, loved by most of the students, but hated by a fair number as well.
    1)loved by most of the students和but hated by a fair numbers as well都是修饰the president是个怎样的人,loved和hated平行;
    2)loved by the most of students修饰the president,而but hated by a fair numbers修饰Jimmy,was not和hated平行。
    换言此题,如果选C。favored because...和simply random都修饰selection;或是favored because...修饰selection,而but simply random by-products需要修饰biological traits.
    D用are(lock Word)消除了歧义。
    7楼  | 2018-03-01 13:02:24 回复
    • 评论用户头像
      ty0121: 这个解析最好。很清晰

      2019-02-19 13:14:27 回复

    •  
  • 用户头像

    cathyh

    不要轻易选due to,因为due to=caused by,而不等于because of
    6楼  | 2017-12-19 23:32:43 回复
  • 用户头像

    撒哈拉小团圆

    D中的they指什么
    5楼  | 2017-09-30 16:13:18 回复
  • 用户头像

    KateGo

    D要是平行的话,不应该是not are xxx, but are...吗?
    4楼  | 2017-08-05 16:38:28 回复
    • 评论用户头像
      730以上: 最重要是:由于are not这种形式,只能把not放在are的后面,所以就有了这个问题,前面是are not,后面是but are... 这里大概是唯一需要特别注意的平衡点吧

      2018-02-08 11:40:11 回复

    •  
  • 用户头像

    xiaoyi

    另:not only (but also)后面的but和also没有任何规定必须要加,not...but...,not only...but..., not only..also..., not just...but...都是典型的平行结构标志词,考点主要为(1)前后主语是否一致(2)前后结构是否平行(3)带词指代是否正确(4)修饰语对象是否明确(这一点一般出现在最后一个逗号后居多,因为这个位置最混淆)
    3楼  | 2016-12-21 16:31:36 回复
  • 用户头像

    xiaoyi

    • "not X but Y": 
    this construction implies that X is what's "normal" or "expected", and that Y is what's actually true.
    e.g.,
    I was surprised to learn that Ella was not Clint's biological daughter but in fact his adopted daughter, since her facial features so closely resemble his.
    (here, since the girl looks so much like her dad, we EXPECT to find out that she's his biological daughter.)
    
    • "X but Y": 
    this just implies a contrast, but NOT any expectation.
    (in THIS PARTICULAR sentence—as already explained in this thread—the "X" part includes the word "not".)
    e.g.,
    I am not a mechanic, but can perform basic maintenance on non-hybrid cars.
    
    __
    
    this sentence DOES describe a contrast—these things aren't products of natural selection, BUT they ARE products of essentially random selection processes.
    
    on the other hand, it DOES NOT describe any sort of situation with an "expected" or "predictable" result.
    
    thus it should not use the first construction; it should use the second one.
    to make this sentence into "X, but Y", we need to include the are on the right-hand side.
    2楼  | 2016-12-21 16:21:46 回复
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