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GMAT逻辑出题规律被我们找到了,速戳!

作者:锦鲤哥     2021-04-25 09:44:05     10399浏览
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对于GMAT这个考试来说,该考试考察的重点从来不是考生的语言基础。这个考试是默认考生语言基础比较好的情况之上,考察大家的商科逻辑思维。所以大家一定要尽量确保自己的英语语言能力不能影响到对GMAT考试题目的理解,不然可能会偏离这个考试的重心。


那既然给大家提到了对GMAT考试题目的理解,大家知道在GMAT考试语文verbal部分最考察大家商科逻辑思维的就是CR这种题型了,而CR的题目的问题类型又有很多,盲目按题型了解CR是不科学的,我们应该把这众多题型进行整合,深入理解CR题目本身的出题特点,才能更好的解决这一板块,所以今天和大家分享的就是CR题目的一些出题特点,希望对大家有所启发。

       



01

一、结构上:倒叙。并不是所有CR题的结论都在句尾。 


  

同学们会有一种潜意识觉得CR题既然考逻辑,那么一定是按照条件推结论这样的出题顺序走的。但其实不然,随着同学们不断升库之后,题目的逻辑形式也会出现相应变化,最明显的就是结论不一定在句尾,可能在句首,或者在句中。

比如这道黑体题:


Public health expert: Increasing the urgency of a public health message may be counterproductive. In addition to irritating the majority who already behave responsibly, it may undermine all government pronouncements on health by convincing people that such messages are overly cautious.And there is no reason to believe that those who ignore measured voices will listen to shouting.


第一个黑体是结论,第二个黑体是对第一个黑体的进一步解释和支持,两个黑体关系为第二个支持第一个。



再比如此题:


Parasitic wasps lay their eggs directly into the eggs of various host insects in exactly the right numbers for any suitable size of host egg. If they laid too many eggs in a host egg, the developing wasp larvae would compete with each other to the death for nutrients and space. If too few eggs were laid, portions of the host egg would decay, killing the wasp larvae.

此题的结论,也可以说是核心本质,其实是第一句话,后面几个条件都是在说明为什么wasps lay their eggs是exactly the right numbers for any suitable size of host egg。明确这一点,那这题你就理解到位了。
       




02

二、理解上:题目难度和选项难度的互换。



有的CR题目关系一目了然,但选项让人蒙圈;有的CR题目关系很难判断核心本质,但选项又清晰明了,或者题目和选项都较为复杂的。比如此题:



Psychologist: In a survey, several hundred volunteers rated their own levels of self-control and their overall life satisfaction. The volunteers who rated themselves as having better self-control also reported greater satisfaction with their lives. This suggests that self-control is one factor that helps people avoid situations likely to produce dissatisfaction.

 

In order to assess the strength of the psychologist’s argument, it would be most helpful to know whether

 

A. people typically rate themselves as having significantly better self-control than expert psychological assessments would rate them as having

B. people's perceptions of how satisfied they are with their lives could be affected by factors of which they are unaware

C. there is a high level of self-control that tends to reduce overall life satisfaction

D. people's ratings of their overall satisfaction with their lives tend to temporarily decrease in situations likely to produce dissatisfaction

E. feelings of dissatisfaction significantly interfere with people’s ability to exercise self-control



此题只要看清楚条件和结论,原文关系是较好判断的,但正确选项不能过分脑补且要注意因果颠倒的陷阱,此题选D.



最后比如此题:




The contingency-fee system, which allows lawyers and their clients to agree that the lawyer will be paid only in the event of success, does not increase the number of medical malpractice lawsuits brought against doctor. As attorneys must cover the costs for their time and research, they want to be assured that any medical malpractice case they accept on a contingency-fee basis has substantial merit. Consequently, attorneys turn away many people who come to see them, for lack of a good case.

 

The argument above is most vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that it fails to

 

A. specify the criteria attorneys use to judge the merits of a medical malpractice case

B. consider whether, in the absence of a contingency-fee option, even people with meritorious cases are much less likely to initiate litigation if they believe they might incur large legal fees

C. note whether, in successful medical malpractice lawsuits, the average monetary award after legal costs have been deducted is less under contingency-fee arrangements than otherwise。

D. consider the effect of the contingency-fee system on the number of lawsuits sought for reasons other than medical malpractice

E. acknowledge the rising cost of medical malpractice insurance





此题属于原文关系较好理解,但选项稍有点扰乱大家,且还是核心结论放在句首。理解到不同条件导致相同结果的削弱方法,可选出B.

      

综上,希望大家能理解CR出题特点,重点梳理好CR题目的逻辑关系,从关系入手,而不是纯翻译去做题,应该会有所提升。

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