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OG18官方指南,建议同学们刷3遍。第一遍做题了解题型和考点,第二遍精刷,第三遍集中解决疑难问题。建议考生第一遍刷题采用官方正版纸质书籍,若遇到疑难问题,欢迎在此专区查阅解析,提供解析,参与题目讨论,与所有考生一起解决疑难问题。
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It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century English women who are generally regarded as among the forerunners of modern feminism are almost all identified with the Royalist side in the conflict between Royalists and Parliamentarians known as the English Civil Wars. Since Royalist ideology is often associated with the radical patriarchalism of seventeenthcentury political theorist Robert Filmer—a patriarchalism that equates family and kingdom and asserts the divinely ordained absolute power of the king and, by analogy, of the male head of the household—historians have been understandably puzzled by the fact that Royalist women wrote the earliest extended criticisms of the absolute subordination of women in marriage and the earliest systematic assertions of women’s rational and moral equality with men. Some historians have questioned the facile equation of Royalist ideology with Filmerian patriarchalism; and indeed, there may have been no consistent differences between Royalists and Parliamentarians on issues of family organization and women’s political rights, but in that case one would expect early feminists to be equally divided between the two sides.

Catherine Gallagher argues that Royalism engendered feminism because the ideology of absolute monarchy provided a transition to an ideology of the absolute self. She cites the example of the notoriously eccentric author Margaret Cavendish (1626–1673), duchess of Newcastle. Cavendish claimed to be as ambitious as any woman could be, but knowing that as a woman she was excluded from the pursuit of power in the real world, she resolved to be mistress of her own world, the “immaterial world” that any person can create within her own mind—and, as a writer, on paper. In proclaiming what she called her “singularity,” Cavendish insisted that she was a self-sufficient being within her mental empire, the center of her own subjective universe rather than a satellite orbiting a dominant male planet. In justifying this absolute singularity, Cavendish repeatedly invoked the model of the absolute monarch, a figure that became a metaphor for the self-enclosed, autonomous nature of the individual person. Cavendish’s successors among early feminists retained her notion of woman’s sovereign self, but they also sought to break free from the complete political and social isolation that her absolute singularity entailed.

【OG20-P443-560题】

The passage suggests which of the following about the seventeenth-century English women mentioned in the highlighted text?

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析D选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析E选项
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当前版本由 感觉自己萌萌哒 更新于2015-10-27 14:02:27 感谢由 感觉自己萌萌哒 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
定位:It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century English women who are generally regarded as among the forerunners of modern feminism are almost all identified with the Royalist side in the conflict between Royalists and Parliamentarians known as the English Civil Wars. 

可以得出:English women=the forerunners of modern feminism =the forerunners of modern feminism
A Their status as forerunners of modern feminism is not entirely justified.
原文不符,文中English women=the forerunners of modern feminism,not entirely justified不符
B They did not openly challenge the radical patriarchalism of Royalist Filmerian ideology.
原文相反
C Cavendish was the first among these women to criticize women’s subordination in marriage and assert women’s equality with men.
极端词first,文中无涉及
D Their views on family organization and women’s political rights were diametrically opposed to those of both Royalist Parliamentarian ideology.
family organization and women’s political rights
无涉及women关于family organization and women’s political rights 的想法
E Historians would be less puzzled if more of them were identified with the Parliamentarian side in the English Civil Wars.
文中第一段中有一个比较迷惑的事实,女权者支持Royalist不支持Parliamentarian ,而Royalist是支持patriarchalism(支持男权的)。所以历史学家很迷惑,也许如果feminist支持Parliamentarian 就不会很奇怪了。

题目讨论 6条评论)

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  • 用户头像

    Vincent Hu

    我当时没选E的原因是,我认为E说的是支持P的人要比支持R的人更多
    但E说的是有更多的人去支持P(即从数量上,把支持R的人匀一部分给支持P)
    D选项文中没怎么说P的意识形态,而且diametrically这个词是不是用的太狠了。。。
    0 0 回复 2020-02-07 22:05:02
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    171533exp

    and indeed, there may have been no consistent differences between Royalists and Parliamentarians on issues of family organization and women’s political rights。
    文中说R党和P党关于这方面的话题态度一样,但是文章没有提过这两党对于这个问题的态度,只提了R党中的一个代表人物持反对意见,并且在下文阐述了“这个反对人物不能和整个R党等同”
    0 0 回复 2019-12-12 10:19:04
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    huang642

    我想知道b中文章里哪一个部分有提到challenge啊?
    0 0 回复 2019-05-09 10:03:32
    • 评论用户头像

      EasonQian回复huang642

      Royalist women wrote the earliest extended criticisms of the absolute subordination of women in marriage and the earliest systematic assertions of women’s rational and moral equality with men

      0 0 回复 2019-06-20 20:21:55

    • 评论用户头像

      浪逐曲奇回复huang642

      谢谢

      0 0 回复 2019-08-24 19:15:41

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    陈姜姜河

    family organization and women’s political rights 
    
    无涉及women关于family organization and women’s political rights 的想法
    0 0 回复 2018-12-17 21:15:18
    • 评论用户头像

      陈姜姜河回复陈姜姜河

      发错了,要发笔记的

      0 0 回复 2018-12-17 21:15:36

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    cloud9

    我的天,patriarchalism和parliamentarian这两个单词看走眼了。。
    0 0 回复 2018-09-06 02:50:51
    • 评论用户头像

      Chongdi回复cloud9

      u r not alone

      0 0 回复 2018-09-07 17:08:03

    • 评论用户头像

      Yang1116回复cloud9

      u r not alone

      0 0 回复 2018-10-20 16:46:33

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      杀鸡仙女回复cloud9

      u r not alone

      0 0 回复 2018-10-21 02:45:48

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    Joyce L

    It is an odd ... that the seventeenth-century English women who are generally regarded as among the forerunners of modern feminism are almost all identified with the Royalist side 
    
    Historians would be less puzzled if more of them(the seventeenth-century English women) were identified with the Parliamentarian side
    0 0 回复 2018-06-02 17:11:15
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