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OG18官方指南,建议同学们刷3遍。第一遍做题了解题型和考点,第二遍精刷,第三遍集中解决疑难问题。建议考生第一遍刷题采用官方正版纸质书籍,若遇到疑难问题,欢迎在此专区查阅解析,提供解析,参与题目讨论,与所有考生一起解决疑难问题。
阅读RC-14297 (第5/6题) Time Cost00:00
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该题平均耗时:1m26s,平均正确率:55.2%

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It is an odd but indisputable fact that the seventeenth-century English women who are generally regarded as among the forerunners of modern feminism are almost all identified with the Royalist side in the conflict between Royalists and Parliamentarians known as the English Civil Wars. Since Royalist ideology is often associated with the radical patriarchalism of seventeenthcentury political theorist Robert Filmer—a patriarchalism that equates family and kingdom and asserts the divinely ordained absolute power of the king and, by analogy, of the male head of the household—historians have been understandably puzzled by the fact that Royalist women wrote the earliest extended criticisms of the absolute subordination of women in marriage and the earliest systematic assertions of women’s rational and moral equality with men. Some historians have questioned the facile equation of Royalist ideology with Filmerian patriarchalism; and indeed, there may have been no consistent differences between Royalists and Parliamentarians on issues of family organization and women’s political rights, but in that case one would expect early feminists to be equally divided between the two sides.

Catherine Gallagher argues that Royalism engendered feminism because the ideology of absolute monarchy provided a transition to an ideology of the absolute self. She cites the example of the notoriously eccentric author Margaret Cavendish (1626–1673), duchess of Newcastle. Cavendish claimed to be as ambitious as any woman could be, but knowing that as a woman she was excluded from the pursuit of power in the real world, she resolved to be mistress of her own world, the “immaterial world” that any person can create within her own mind—and, as a writer, on paper. In proclaiming what she called her “singularity,” Cavendish insisted that she was a self-sufficient being within her mental empire, the center of her own subjective universe rather than a satellite orbiting a dominant male planet. In justifying this absolute singularity, Cavendish repeatedly invoked the model of the absolute monarch, a figure that became a metaphor for the self-enclosed, autonomous nature of the individual person. Cavendish’s successors among early feminists retained her notion of woman’s sovereign self, but they also sought to break free from the complete political and social isolation that her absolute singularity entailed.

【OG20-P443-563题】

The primary purpose of the passage is to

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该题目由网友qpCOuz8E提供。更多GMAT题目请
暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 感觉自己萌萌哒 更新于2015-10-27 14:01:01 感谢由 感觉自己萌萌哒 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
文章结构:

第一段:提出困惑:在英国的内战中,feminist是支持royalist 的。
解释为什么有这样的困惑:因为feminist与royalist的理念是完全不同的。
第二段:CG的例子,说明为什么royalist是会促进feminist的产生的

A trace the historical roots of a modern sociopolitical movement
文章解释了一个Odd 的事实,没有追溯一个社会政治时间的根源是什么
B present one scholar’s explanation for a puzzling historical phenomenon
符合结构
C contrast two interpretations of the ideological origins of a political conflict
无涉及到两种不同的 interpretations的对比
D establish a link between the ideology of an influential political theorist and that of a notoriously eccentric writer
无涉及establish a link
E call attention to some points of agreement between opposing sides in an ideological debate
ideological debate无涉及

题目讨论 5条评论)

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  • 用户头像

    xixixtx

    engender看成endanger也是没谁了
    0 0 回复 2019-12-12 11:32:47
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    Tancey

    这篇文章也太难了吧555555
    0 0 回复 2019-10-30 20:13:20
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    浪逐曲奇

    这是个问题解决型文章。A不对,其实没有在对女权运动追根溯源,文章第一段第一句就明显得告诉我它接下来要干什么了
    0 0 回复 2019-08-24 19:18:34
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    小爱奈

    D的格局太小了
    0 0 回复 2018-08-03 22:52:29
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    hyalinestar

    b:one scholar 指的是?
    0 0 回复 2018-03-30 15:44:08
    • 评论用户头像

      may翠回复hyalinestar

      Catherine Gallagher

      0 0 回复 2018-08-18 14:47:10

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