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OG20官方指南,建议同学们刷3遍。第一遍做题了解题型和考点,第二遍精刷,第三遍集中解决疑难问题。建议考生第一遍刷题采用官方正版纸质书籍,若遇到疑难问题,欢迎在此专区查阅解析,提供解析,参与题目讨论,与所有考生一起解决疑难问题。
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Jacob Burckhardt’s view that Renaissance European women “stood on a footing of perfect equality” with Renaissance men has been repeatedly cited by feminist scholars as a prelude to their presentation of rich historical evidence of women’s inequality. In striking contrast to Burckhardt, Joan Kelly in her famous 1977 essay, “Did Women Have a Renaissance?” argued that the Renaissance was a period of economic and social decline for women relative both to Renaissance men and to medieval women. Recently, however, a significant trend among feminist scholars has entailed a rejection of both Kelly’s dark vision of the Renaissance and Burckhardt’s rosy one. Many recent works by these scholars stress the ways in which differences among Renaissance women—especially in terms of social status and religion—work to complicate the kinds of generalizations both Burckhardt and Kelly made on the basis of their observations about upper-class Italian women.

The trend is also evident, however, in works focusing on those middle- and upper-class European women whose ability to write gives them disproportionate representation in the historical record. Such women were, simply by virtue of their literacy, members of a tiny minority of the population, so it is risky to take their descriptions of their experiences as typical of “female experience” in any general sense. Tina Krontiris, for example, in her fascinating study of six Renaissance women writers, does tend at times to conflate “women” and “women writers,” assuming that women’s gender, irrespective of other social differences, including literacy, allows us to view women as a homogeneous social group and make that group an object of analysis. Nonetheless, Krontiris makes a significant contribution to the field and is representative of those authors who offer what might be called a cautiously optimistic assessment of Renaissance women’s achievements, although she also stresses the social obstacles Renaissance women faced when they sought to raise their “oppositional voices.” Krontiris is concerned to show women intentionally negotiating some power for themselves (at least in the realm of public discourse) against potentially constraining ideologies, but in her sober and thoughtful concluding remarks, she suggests that such verbal opposition to cultural stereotypes was highly circumscribed; women seldom attacked the basic assumptions in the ideologies that oppressed them.

【OG20-P457-598题】

According to the passage, feminist scholars cite Burckhardt’s view of Renaissanc women primarily for which of the following reasons?

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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当前版本由 你是风儿 更新于2015-11-20 09:54:16 感谢由 你是风儿 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

文章开头,Burckhardt觉得欧洲文艺复兴时期的女人是stand on a footing of perfect equality的,而feminist scholar是要强调女人的inequality的,两者意思相反,scholar引用Burckhardt的意见的作用肯定是要反驳的,因此选C

A Burckhardt和Kelly之间的view并没有form basis的作用

B 两者是独立的观点,没有联系

D 原文并没有提到

E Burckhardt和scholars的意见相反


题目讨论 9条评论)

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    ydissacyr

    很明显之前的feminist将B的观点被女权主义者学者反复引用,作为他们展示女性不平等的丰富历史证据的前奏。用人话来说就是B的观点被反反复复拿出来鞭尸,那不就是说早期feminist拒绝他的观点吗。C正确。
    
    而D选项让我纠结了很久,因为第一句有相似的同义替换。但是原文意思是feminists在展示女性不平等的丰富历史证据之前,会提到B的观点。那么要不就是把B的观点当作不平等的证据之一,要么就是直接反驳B说的“平等”,无论是哪一项都不足以说明B的观点提供了大量的不平等的证据(事实还可能正好相反)。
    0 0 回复 2022-05-14 10:53:33
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    ziqi

    stood on a footing of perfect equality。站在完全平等的基础上
    0 0 回复 2022-04-12 16:40:35
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    Jennie在学习

    stood on a footing of perfect equality。站在完全平等的基础上。后面又说被很多认为男女当时不平等的学者引用,显而易见,是用来被refute的。
    1 0 回复 2020-09-12 16:48:23
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    321868ffjp

    是我对wish to这个写的意思有什么误解吗
    0 0 回复 2020-07-23 00:36:51
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    194888hphm

    prelude,前奏,意思是女性主义者专门拿这个当靶子
    1 0 回复 2020-07-08 13:25:06
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    LUCY_0813

    女性学者提出那句话的目的是什么。。。
    答案就是找女性学家和b的关系
    0 0 回复 2019-12-13 17:54:22
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    shangym

    写作意图题,重要分析清楚第一句话的隐含意思,弄清楚这些引用JB的女权主义者和JB的对立关系,JB认为文艺复兴时期男女平等了,而这些scholars演讲的主题是男女不平等。容易误解文章意思错选D或自己无端推理错误E。
    0 0 回复 2019-07-28 18:10:07
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    猫七

    prelude 前奏。。。这道题的理解简直难度堪比中国高考语文理解题
    3 0 回复 2018-09-24 16:15:59
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      194888hphm回复猫七

      难多了

      0 0 回复 2020-07-08 13:25:22

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    感觉自己萌萌哒

    细节题
    定位:Jacob Burckhardt’s view that Renaissance European women “stood on a footing of equality” with Renaissance men has been cited by feminist scholars as a prelude to their a presentation of rich historical evidence of women's inequality. JB观点跟feminist的观点是相反的。选C
    A Burckhardt’s view forms the basis for most arguments refuting Kelly's point of view.
    B、K之间没有任何的联系。排除
    B Burckhardt’s view has been discredited by Kelly.
    同A选项
    C Burckhardt’s view is one that many feminist scholars wish to refute.
    D Burckhardt’s work provides rich historical evidence of inequality between Renaissance women and men. 无涉及
    E Burckhardt’s work includes historical research supporting the arguments of the feminist scholars.
    原文相反
    0 0 回复 2015-10-27 14:14:46
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