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Jacob Burckhardt’s view that Renaissance European women “stood on a footing of perfect equality” with Renaissance men has been repeatedly cited by feminist scholars as a prelude to their presentation of rich historical evidence of women’s inequality. In striking contrast to Burckhardt, Joan Kelly in her famous 1977 essay, “Did Women Have a Renaissance?” argued that the Renaissance was a period of economic and social decline for women relative both to Renaissance men and to medieval women. Recently, however, a significant trend among feminist scholars has entailed a rejection of both Kelly’s dark vision of the Renaissance and Burckhardt’s rosy one. Many recent works by these scholars stress the ways in which differences among Renaissance women—especially in terms of social status and religion—work to complicate the kinds of generalizations both Burckhardt and Kelly made on the basis of their observations about upper-class Italian women.

The trend is also evident, however, in works focusing on those middle- and upper-class European women whose ability to write gives them disproportionate representation in the historical record. Such women were, simply by virtue of their literacy, members of a tiny minority of the population, so it is risky to take their descriptions of their experiences as typical of “female experience” in any general sense. Tina Krontiris, for example, in her fascinating study of six Renaissance women writers, does tend at times to conflate “women” and “women writers,” assuming that women’s gender, irrespective of other social differences, including literacy, allows us to view women as a homogeneous social group and make that group an object of analysis. Nonetheless, Krontiris makes a significant contribution to the field and is representative of those authors who offer what might be called a cautiously optimistic assessment of Renaissance women’s achievements, although she also stresses the social obstacles Renaissance women faced when they sought to raise their “oppositional voices.” Krontiris is concerned to show women intentionally negotiating some power for themselves (at least in the realm of public discourse) against potentially constraining ideologies, but in her sober and thoughtful concluding remarks, she suggests that such verbal opposition to cultural stereotypes was highly circumscribed; women seldom attacked the basic assumptions in the ideologies that oppressed them.

【OG20-P457-599题】

It can be inferred that both Burckhardt and Kelly have been criticized by the scholars mentioned in highlight line for which of the following?

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 感觉自己萌萌哒 更新于2015-10-27 14:14:22 感谢由 感觉自己萌萌哒 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
题干:从scholar对B&K的批判中,可以推断出……
思路:these scholars stress the ways in which differences among Renaissance women,是为了反对B&K的generalization(建立在upper-class women)。Scholar认为B&K只研究了上层的女性,第二段开头说上层女性只是一小部分,用他们代表所有的女性是有风险的。所以S认为B&K的研究不具有代表性,B选项。
A Assuming that women writers of the Renaissance are representative of Renaissance women in general
第二段中K的观点,非scholar的观点
B Drawing conclusions that are based on the study of an atypical group of women
C Failing to describe clearly the relationship between social status and literacy among Renaissance women Krontiris的观点,题干无关
D Failing to acknowledge the role played by Renaissance women in opposing cultural stereotypes
Krontiris的观点,题干无关。而且文中无涉及到Failing to acknowledge这一点
E Failing to acknowledge the ways in which social status affected the creative activities of Renaissance women 无涉及

题目讨论 (5条评论)

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    275476gao

    JB和JK与女权学者的矛盾点在于中上阶层女性不能概括整个文艺复兴时期的女性
    
    TK与女权学者的矛盾点在于等同了女作家与女性
    
    GMAC很爱考女权,劝退去英吉利读个水硕吧hhh
    0 0 回复 2022-06-19 17:31:36
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    Mariposa爱学习

    才搞明白原来JB和JK的学说都是基于意大利上流社会女性,还以为这只是他们研究内容的一部分。
    所以feminist scholars的trend反对JB,JK
    TK跟第一段的两个JB、JK都是只研究了上流女性,也是feminist scholars反对的
    这个逻辑线。。。太乱了,一直以为TK和feminist scholars是一伙的
    0 0 回复 2020-11-15 16:36:03
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    AUCHUI

    K和B观点想反,大家还同时反对他们,那只能找他俩的共性来被反驳.共性就是basis一样-upper-class Italian women
    0 0 回复 2018-12-23 22:27:01
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    liao8520

    后面一句to complicate the kinds of generalizations both Burckhardt and Kelly made on the basis of their observations about upper-class Italian women.使分类复杂化说明原来的样本不典型
    0 0 回复 2018-06-03 16:13:13
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    你是风儿

    这里要读完划线部分后面一长段信息才能解题,feminist scholar反对Burckhardt和Kelly,因为女性的社会宗教越来越复杂,而Burckhardt和kelly是以上流社会的Italian woman为研究基础的,这样就是disproportionate representation,take them as typical of female experience是risky的,那就是不能take them as typical因此选B


    0 0 回复 2015-11-20 10:04:32
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