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OG18官方指南,建议同学们刷3遍。第一遍做题了解题型和考点,第二遍精刷,第三遍集中解决疑难问题。建议考生第一遍刷题采用官方正版纸质书籍,若遇到疑难问题,欢迎在此专区查阅解析,提供解析,参与题目讨论,与所有考生一起解决疑难问题。
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该题平均耗时:3m20s,平均正确率:83.2%

建议使用官方纸质指南,查看对照完整题目

Historians remain divided over the role of banks in facilitating economic growth in the United States in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Some scholars contend that banks played a minor role in the nation's growing economy. Financial institutions, they argue, appeared only after the economy had begun to develop, and once organized, followed conservative lending practices, providing aid to established commercial enterprises but shunning those, such as manufacturing and transportation projects, that were more uncertain and capital-intensive (i.e., requiring greater expenditures in the form of capital than in labor).

A growing number of historians argue, in contrast, that banks were crucial in transforming the early national economy. When state legislatures began granting more bank charters in the 1790s and early 1800s, the supply of credit rose accordingly. Unlike the earliest banks, which had primarily provided short-term loans to well-connected merchants, the banks of the early nineteenth century issued credit widely. As Paul Gilje asserts, the expansion and democratization of credit in the early nineteenth century became the driving force of the American economy, as banks began furnishing large amounts of capital to transportation and industrial enterprises. The exception, such historians argue, was in the South; here, the overwhelmingly agrarian nature of the economy generated outright opposition to banks, which were seen as monopolistic institutions controlled by an elite group of planters.

【OG20-P408-477题】The primary purpose of the passage is to

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该题目由网友L8nE1U提供。更多GMAT题目请
暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 Na**** 更新于2016-09-20 11:35:48 感谢由 Na**** 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

题干KW:(主旨题)

定位:结合文章结构

错误选项特征:

A. compare southern 和 rest of the United States属于细节内容

B. reevaluate(重新估计) a conventional interpretation 与文章结构不符,

D. increasing number of banks文章未提及

E. opinion change over time 文章未提及

正确选项特征:

C.符合文章结构

The passage describes two contrasting views about the role banks played in the economic growth of the United States around the turn of the nineteenth century. 


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