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OG20官方指南,建议同学们刷3遍。第一遍做题了解题型和考点,第二遍精刷,第三遍集中解决疑难问题。建议考生第一遍刷题采用官方正版纸质书籍,若遇到疑难问题,欢迎在此专区查阅解析,提供解析,参与题目讨论,与所有考生一起解决疑难问题。
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Historians remain divided over the role of banks in facilitating economic growth in the United States in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Some scholars contend that banks played a minor role in the nation's growing economy. Financial institutions, they argue, appeared only after the economy had begun to develop, and once organized, followed conservative lending practices, providing aid to established commercial enterprises but shunning those, such as manufacturing and transportation projects, that were more uncertain and capital-intensive (i.e., requiring greater expenditures in the form of capital than in labor).

A growing number of historians argue, in contrast, that banks were crucial in transforming the early national economy. When state legislatures began granting more bank charters in the 1790s and early 1800s, the supply of credit rose accordingly. Unlike the earliest banks, which had primarily provided short-term loans to well-connected merchants, the banks of the early nineteenth century issued credit widely. As Paul Gilje asserts, the expansion and democratization of credit in the early nineteenth century became the driving force of the American economy, as banks began furnishing large amounts of capital to transportation and industrial enterprises. The exception, such historians argue, was in the South; here, the overwhelmingly agrarian nature of the economy generated outright opposition to banks, which were seen as monopolistic institutions controlled by an elite group of planters.

【OG20-P408-477题】

The primary purpose of the passage is to

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当前版本由 Edward. 更新于2021-04-15 11:46:12 感谢由 Edward. 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

文章结构:

两种观点:①银行作用很小:在经济起色后才出现,保守

        ②银行重要:信贷

例外:南方

 

1. 主旨题

A:局部,南方只在最后作为例外出现

B:没有评估传统看法,只是提出了新看法

C:正确

D:局部,这是第二个观点的论据

E:文章讨论的是两派观点,而不是时间变化



题目讨论 3条评论)

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    贾思敏

    题型:purpose 主旨题 (要站在作者的视角去看:两个不同的观点对比,因为文章结构是对比型文章)
    
    第一波排除(竖看动词):
    排除B:因为文章没有reevaluate重新评估什么,排除。
    
    第二波排除(竖看动词后面的核心名词、主干意思):
    A: 因为比较的对象是 southern banks 南方银行的经济角色和banks in the rest of the United States美国其他地方的银行的经济角色 的对比,这个只是在文章最后一段最后一两句提及了南方银行,不是文章的主旨,排除。
    
    C:present different interpretations of the role这个对,再看后面是什么的角色的不同解读呢?是banks in the American economy during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries,这不就是开头的topic就说了吗:over the role of banks in facilitating economic growth in the United States in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries 正确。
    
    D:分析how the increasing number of banks...affected the American economy 银行的日益增长的数量怎么影响美国经济,无关嘛这篇文章就只是讲银行在美国经济中扮演怎么样的角色,而不是银行的数量问题,偷换主语,错误,排除。
    
    E:这个选项要留心,迷惑选项,要抓好核心主干意思:examine研究how scholarly opinion...has changed over time学者的观点如何随着时间而变化,但文章的重点不是说学者观点的变化问题,而是在讲银行在美国经济扮演的角色问题,无关,排除。
    1 0 回复 2021-09-29 22:56:13
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    灭绝人性

    E选项 太贱了
    1 0 回复 2021-08-22 05:19:43
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    Natasha

    题干KW:(主旨题)

    定位:结合文章结构

    错误选项特征:

    A. compare southern 和 rest of the United States属于细节内容

    B. reevaluate(重新估计) a conventional interpretation 与文章结构不符,

    D. increasing number of banks文章未提及

    E. opinion change over time 文章未提及

    正确选项特征:

    C.符合文章结构

    The passage describes two contrasting views about the role banks played in the economic growth of the United States around the turn of the nineteenth century. 

    0 0 回复 2016-09-20 11:35:48
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