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OG18官方指南,建议同学们刷3遍。第一遍做题了解题型和考点,第二遍精刷,第三遍集中解决疑难问题。建议考生第一遍刷题采用官方正版纸质书籍,若遇到疑难问题,欢迎在此专区查阅解析,提供解析,参与题目讨论,与所有考生一起解决疑难问题。
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Historians remain divided over the role of banks in facilitating economic growth in the United States in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Some scholars contend that banks played a minor role in the nation's growing economy. Financial institutions, they argue, appeared only after the economy had begun to develop, and once organized, followed conservative lending practices, providing aid to established commercial enterprises but shunning those, such as manufacturing and transportation projects, that were more uncertain and capital-intensive (i.e., requiring greater expenditures in the form of capital than in labor).

A growing number of historians argue, in contrast, that banks were crucial in transforming the early national economy. When state legislatures began granting more bank charters in the 1790s and early 1800s, the supply of credit rose accordingly. Unlike the earliest banks, which had primarily provided short-term loans to well-connected merchants, the banks of the early nineteenth century issued credit widely. As Paul Gilje asserts, the expansion and democratization of credit in the early nineteenth century became the driving force of the American economy, as banks began furnishing large amounts of capital to transportation and industrial enterprises. The exception, such historians argue, was in the South; here, the overwhelmingly agrarian nature of the economy generated outright opposition to banks, which were seen as monopolistic institutions controlled by an elite group of planters.

【OG20-P409-480题】

The passage suggests that the opposition to banks in the South in the early nineteenth century stemmed in part from the perception that banks

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当前版本由 Na**** 更新于2016-09-20 11:56:49 感谢由 Na**** 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

题干KW:opposition to banks in the South(推断题)

定位:第二结构第3层次


错误答案特征:

B. not support the interests of elite planters  与文章逻辑方向相反

C. transportation and industrial interests.层次未提及

D. long-term loans 层次未提及

E. lend credit widely层次定位混淆


正确选项特征:

A.是原文第二结构第3层次的同义转换

(3) The  exception, such historians argue, was in the South; here, the overwhelmingly agrarian nature of-the economy generated outright opposition to banks, which were seen as monopolistic institutions controlled by an elite group of planters.



题目讨论 3条评论)

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    847716opn

    定位错误,在文章的最后一句话
    0 0 回复 2019-10-04 21:22:38
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    730最后的机会

    这个有点绕啊,这句话要看懂,
    The  exception, such historians argue, was in the South; here, the overwhelmingly agrarian nature of-the economy generated outright opposition to banks, which were seen as monopolistic institutions controlled by an elite group of planters.这句要看明白,翻译过来:如H所argue的,南方是个例外;种植园经济的本质使得产生了与银行完全的对立,(which代指Banks)银行在这里被看做被精英团体控制的垄断组织。
    题目:he opposition to banks in the South in the early nineteenth century stemmed in part from the perception that banks简单来说就是:这种对立的银行是由什么引起或源于什么?
    根据原文可知,南方的银行是被少数精英团体控制(由此引起的opposition),则可以得出答案A
    0 0 回复 2018-07-12 12:28:02
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    花花iashin

    哪位大神能帮助解释一下A选项 did not benefit more than a small minority of the people ,这里的more than怎么理解呀?
    0 0 回复 2017-11-24 15:40:22
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      轩娅回复花花iashin

      没有有益于 比小部分人更多的人。more than修饰的是后面a small minority of the people.(不知道有没有解决你的疑惑...)

      0 0 回复 2017-12-18 15:10:39

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      花花iashin回复 轩娅

      谢谢 明白了

      0 0 回复 2017-12-18 19:55:11

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      xz回复花花iashin

      除去精英人士,其他人没有受益

      0 0 回复 2018-01-17 06:27:20

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