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OG20官方指南,建议同学们刷3遍。第一遍做题了解题型和考点,第二遍精刷,第三遍集中解决疑难问题。建议考生第一遍刷题采用官方正版纸质书籍,若遇到疑难问题,欢迎在此专区查阅解析,提供解析,参与题目讨论,与所有考生一起解决疑难问题。
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Historians remain divided over the role of banks in facilitating economic growth in the United States in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Some scholars contend that banks played a minor role in the nation's growing economy. Financial institutions, they argue, appeared only after the economy had begun to develop, and once organized, followed conservative lending practices, providing aid to established commercial enterprises but shunning those, such as manufacturing and transportation projects, that were more uncertain and capital-intensive (i.e., requiring greater expenditures in the form of capital than in labor).

A growing number of historians argue, in contrast, that banks were crucial in transforming the early national economy. When state legislatures began granting more bank charters in the 1790s and early 1800s, the supply of credit rose accordingly. Unlike the earliest banks, which had primarily provided short-term loans to well-connected merchants, the banks of the early nineteenth century issued credit widely. As Paul Gilje asserts, the expansion and democratization of credit in the early nineteenth century became the driving force of the American economy, as banks began furnishing large amounts of capital to transportation and industrial enterprises. The exception, such historians argue, was in the South; here, the overwhelmingly agrarian nature of the economy generated outright opposition to banks, which were seen as monopolistic institutions controlled by an elite group of planters.

【OG20-P409-480题】

The passage suggests that the opposition to banks in the South in the early nineteenth century stemmed in part from the perception that banks

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当前版本由 Edward. 更新于2021-04-15 11:51:59 感谢由 Edward. 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

细节题

A:这类银行被视为种植园主的垄断机构,除了他们其他人无法受益

B:与文章相反

C:没有提到银行和这两个行业的关系

D:没提到

E:不属于这类银行的特点



题目讨论 6条评论)

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    贾思敏

    积累:stem in part from...部分来源于...
    
    题型:suggests 推理题
    
    层次:the opposition to banks in the South 在南方对银行的反对(第二段的最后一部分)
    
    相关观点(回文定位):here, the overwhelmingly agrarian nature of the economy generated outright opposition to banks, which were seen as monopolistic institutions controlled by an elite group of planters.
    关键词:agrarian nature、banks是monopolistic institutions controlled by an elite group of planters由精英种植园主控制的垄断机构
    
    直接定位选项就是A:只惠及a small minority of the people 对应controlled by an elite group of planters
    
    这道题我眼瞎了选了D:issue the long-term loans这根本就不是同一个层次的,层次不分
    
    B:did not support the interests of elite planters 方向相反了,人家就是support 这些elite planters
    
    C:transportation and industrial interests这个是上一段提及的,层次不分
    
    E:lend credit widely也是第二段第二部分提及的,层次不分
    0 0 回复 2021-09-29 23:46:30
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    Mariposa爱学习

    here, the overwhelmingly agrarian nature of the economy generated outright opposition to banks, which were seen as monopolistic institutions controlled by an elite group of planters.
    读的时候把which指代搞混了
    就是说南方以农业经济为主导,肯定有很多中产甚至很穷的农民(结合美国历史),他们觉得银行是站在那些大农场主的那边的,所以反对银行。
    0 0 回复 2020-11-15 14:17:38
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      1032158tlhga回复Mariposa爱学习

      同错,把which看成是指代农业性质的经济,但通过which后面的were可以判断指代的是banks;或者通过monopolistic institutions意思判断指代的是banks

      0 0 回复 2020-12-05 11:21:42

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    847716opn

    定位错误,在文章的最后一句话
    0 0 回复 2019-10-04 21:22:38
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    730最后的机会

    这个有点绕啊,这句话要看懂,
    The  exception, such historians argue, was in the South; here, the overwhelmingly agrarian nature of-the economy generated outright opposition to banks, which were seen as monopolistic institutions controlled by an elite group of planters.这句要看明白,翻译过来:如H所argue的,南方是个例外;种植园经济的本质使得产生了与银行完全的对立,(which代指Banks)银行在这里被看做被精英团体控制的垄断组织。
    题目:he opposition to banks in the South in the early nineteenth century stemmed in part from the perception that banks简单来说就是:这种对立的银行是由什么引起或源于什么?
    根据原文可知,南方的银行是被少数精英团体控制(由此引起的opposition),则可以得出答案A
    3 0 回复 2018-07-12 12:28:02
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    花花iashin

    哪位大神能帮助解释一下A选项 did not benefit more than a small minority of the people ,这里的more than怎么理解呀?
    0 0 回复 2017-11-24 15:40:22
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      轩娅回复花花iashin

      没有有益于 比小部分人更多的人。more than修饰的是后面a small minority of the people.(不知道有没有解决你的疑惑...)

      0 0 回复 2017-12-18 15:10:39

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      花花iashin回复 轩娅

      谢谢 明白了

      0 0 回复 2017-12-18 19:55:11

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      xz回复花花iashin

      除去精英人士,其他人没有受益

      1 0 回复 2018-01-17 06:27:20

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    Natasha

    题干KW:opposition to banks in the South(推断题)

    定位:第二结构第3层次


    错误答案特征:

    B. not support the interests of elite planters  与文章逻辑方向相反

    C. transportation and industrial interests.层次未提及

    D. long-term loans 层次未提及

    E. lend credit widely层次定位混淆


    正确选项特征:

    A.是原文第二结构第3层次的同义转换

    (3) The  exception, such historians argue, was in the South; here, the overwhelmingly agrarian nature of-the economy generated outright opposition to banks, which were seen as monopolistic institutions controlled by an elite group of planters.


    0 0 回复 2016-09-20 11:56:49
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