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阅读RC-14678 (第2/4题) Time Cost
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In an effort to explain why business acquisitions often fail, scholars have begun to focus on the role of top executives of acquired companies. Acquired companies that retain their top executives tend to have more successful outcomes than those that do not. Furthermore, existing research suggests that retaining the highest-level top executives, such as the CEO (chief executive officer) and COO (chief operating officer), is related more positively to postacquisition success than retaining lower-ranked top executives. However, this explanation, while insightful, suffers from two limitations. First, the focus on positional rank does not recognize the variation in length of service that may exist in top executive posts across companies, nor does it address which particular top executives (with respect to length of service) should be retained to achieve a successful acquisition outcome. Second, the relationship between retained top executives and acquisition outcomes offered by existing research is subject to opposing theoretical explanations related to length of service. The resource-based view (R8 V) suggests that keeping acquired company top executives with longer organizational tenure would lead to more successful outcomes, as those executives have idiosyncratic and nontransferable knowledge of the acquired company that would be valuable for tfie effective implementation of the acquisition. The opposing position, offered by the upper echelons perspective (UEP), suggests that retaining top executives having short organizational tenure would lead to more successful outcomes, as they would have the adaptability to manage most effectively during tiie uncertainty of the acquisition process.

Responding to these limitations, Bergh conducted a study of executive retention and acquisition outcome that focused on the organizational tenure of retained company top executives in 104 acquisitions, followed over 5 years. Bergh considered the acquisition successful if the acquired company was retained and unsuccessful if it was divested. Bergh's findings support the RBV position. Apparently, the benefits of long organizational tenure lead to more successful outcomes than the benefits of short organizational tenure, While longer tenured top executives may have trouble adapting to change, it appears that their perspectives and knowledge bases offer unique value after the acquisition. Although from the UEP position it seems sensible to retain less tenured executives and allow more tenured ones to leave, such a strategy appears to lower the probability of acquisition success.

【OG20-P412-487题】

The resource-based view, as described in the passage, is based on which of the following ideas?

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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当前版本由 183689rzh 更新于2021-11-24 16:51:01 感谢由 183689rzh 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

题干KW:resource-based view(目的题)

定位:定位到文章的第二结构第二层次。The resource-based view (RBV)这一句


错误答案特征:

A. first five years 层次未提及

C. underestimate 与文章逻辑方向相反

D. ability of executive to adapt change 层次未提及

E. short-tenured executives 层次未提及


正确选项特征:

B.是文章The resource-based view (RBV)这一句的同义转换。

The resource-based view (RBV) suggests that keeping acquired company top executives with longer organizational tenure would lead to more successful outcomes, as those executives have idiosyncratic and nontransferable knowledge of the acquired company that would be valuable for the effective implementation of the acquisition.



题目讨论 (10条评论)

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    1076107rcav

    不同意楼上那个解析所说的“C. underestimate 与文章逻辑方向相反”,C之所以被排除,关键是"amount"在原文没有涉及
    1 0 回复 2022-07-31 16:16:41
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    汝矣岛丸崽

    as those executives have idiosyncratic and nontransferable knowledge of the acquired company that would be valuable for tfie effective implementation of the acquisition.
    0 0 回复 2021-11-17 19:35:37
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    918005labfk

    C是对事实的进一步说,取反削弱的是事实;B才是搭桥
    0 0 回复 2021-10-09 11:41:36
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    贾思敏

    我去,我眼瞎了原来The resource-based view就是The resource-based view (RBV)的观点
    
    题型:功能题 - RBV的观点 is based on which of the following ideas? RBV的观点是基于哪个观点?
    
    回文定位(自己问自己:RBV的观点是有哪些观点呢?):keeping acquired company top executives with longer organizational tenure would lead to more successful outcomes, as those executives have idiosyncratic and nontransferable knowledge of the acquired company that would be valuable for tfie effective implementation of the acquisition. 
    
    有since、as、because的,常常考它们后面那一句的:回文定位那句就是说这些高管所拥有的idiosyncratic and nontransferable knowledge of the acquired company对acquisition的重要性
    
    我选了C,害,又是眼瞎,C选项说的刚好相反,就是这种knowledge被underestimated了,但从RBV的视角是,这种knowledge对acquisition是很重要的,要看清楚这个题目是从哪个人的视角出发的!
    0 0 回复 2021-09-30 15:51:25
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    Edward.

    1. 推断题

    as those executives have idiosyncratic and nontransferable knowledge of the acquired company that would be valuable for the effective implementation of the acquisition.

    A:没提

    B:正确

    C:与数量无关

    D:无关

    E:无关


    0 0 回复 2021-04-23 15:02:23
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    lchGMAT

    我怎么感觉这道题就是cr里面的assumption
    1 0 回复 2020-12-19 15:00:07
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    Mariposa爱学习

    原文R8V观点只提到说Top+longer tenure会more likely带来success = shorter tenure会less likely带来success
    E选项impede程度太高了,没有说会阻碍
    0 0 回复 2020-11-15 12:16:25
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    小火火火箭

    idiosyncratic tendencies are unusual or strange, and not shared by other people;nontransferable:不可转让的,也有特殊的意思
    0 0 回复 2019-10-13 10:07:55
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    847716opn

    valuable=important;i nknowledge=specific knowledge
    0 0 回复 2019-10-05 19:17:29
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    ballballGMAT700

    i和n knowledge 就是 specific knowledge ,具体到抽象的表述 ,细节定位真的很像雅思阅读的同义替换
    0 0 回复 2019-07-27 15:17:49
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