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OG20官方指南,建议同学们刷3遍。第一遍做题了解题型和考点,第二遍精刷,第三遍集中解决疑难问题。建议考生第一遍刷题采用官方正版纸质书籍,若遇到疑难问题,欢迎在此专区查阅解析,提供解析,参与题目讨论,与所有考生一起解决疑难问题。
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Because the framers of the United States Constitution (written in 1787) believed that protecting property rights relating to inventions would encourage the new nation’s economic growth, they gave Congress—the national legislature—a constitutional mandate to grant patents for inventions. The resulting patent system has served as a model for those in other nations. Recently, however, scholars have questioned whether the American system helped achieve the framers’ goals. These scholars have contended that from 1794 to roughly 1830, American inventors were unable to enforce property rights because judges were “antipatent” and routinely invalidated patents for arbitrary reasons. This argument is based partly on examination of court decisions in cases where patent holders (“patentees”)brought suit alleging infringement of their patent rights. In the 1820s, for instance, 75 percent of verdicts were decided against the patentee.The proportion of verdicts for the patentee began to increase in the 1830s, suggesting to these scholars that judicial attitudes toward patent rights began shifting then.

Not all patent disputes in the early nineteenth entury were litigated, however, and litigated cases were not drawn randomly from the population of disputes. Therefore the rate of verdicts in favor of patentees cannot be used by itself to gauge changes in judicial attitudes or enforceability of patent rights. If early judicial decisions were prejudiced against patentees, one might expect that subsequent courts—allegedly more supportive of patent rights—would reject the former legal precedents. But pre-1830 cases have been cited as frequently as later decisions, and they continue to be cited today,suggesting that the early decisions, many of which clearly declared that patent rights were a just recompense for inventive ingenuity,provided a lasting foundation for patent law.The proportion of judicial decisions in favor of patentees began to increase during the 1830s because of a change in the underlying population of cases brought to trial. This change was partly due to an 1836 revision to the patent system:an examination procedure, still in use today, was instituted in which each application is scrutinized for its adherence to patent law. Previously,patents were automatically granted upon payment of a $30 fee.

【OG20-P454-592题】

The passage implies that the scholars mentioned (in highlight ) would agree with which of the following criticisms of the American patent system before 1830 ?

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 Na**** 更新于2016-09-26 13:05:52 感谢由 Na**** 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

题干KW:highlight,scholars(推断题)

定位:定位到文章的highlight. scholars存在的那句话。


错误答案特征:

A. definition层次未提及

B. criteria 层次未提及

C. inventor receive patent 层次未提及

D. excessive number 未提及绝对词


正确选项特征:

E. 选项是原文Recently, however, scholars have questioned whether the American system helped  achieve the framers' goals.的同义转换



题目讨论 10条评论)

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  • 用户头像

    ziqi

    The proportion of judicial decisions in favor of patentees began to increase during the 1830s because of a change in the underlying population of cases brought to trial. 目标是经济增长。做的时候想当然了,还是应该倒回去看。而且不是C选项获得专利,而是enforce行使专利
    0 0 回复 2022-04-11 11:04:34
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    218008jz

    学者question的是goal,goal是economic growth
    0 0 回复 2021-09-06 20:06:53
  • 用户头像

    284452gzyr

    scholars have questioned whether the American system helped achieve the framers’ goals,这个goal就是第一句的economic,虽然我觉得其他选项也可以理解,但是最直接的答案是E
    0 0 回复 2020-11-11 22:24:44
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    285734utnv

    D为什么不对呢?后面确实提到了指控非常多
    0 0 回复 2020-02-19 20:19:57
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    ;svkdnvl

    C不是很难得到专利权,应该是很难行驶。。
    2 0 回复 2019-11-27 13:39:22
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    Nighting

    C:学者们关心的是如何保护他们的专利,而不是申请专利的难度。
    0 0 回复 2019-10-18 14:12:03
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    432442ba

    它的问题在于可能无法实现framer的目标,而在开头就讲了framer的目标是经济增长
    0 0 回复 2019-10-14 20:46:20
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    小火火火箭

    还是不懂C为什么错
    2 0 回复 2019-09-08 09:43:03
  • 用户头像

    huang642

    e我懂了,不过为什么c不对呀
    2 0 回复 2019-05-10 02:34:30
    • 评论用户头像

      Elaine99回复huang642

      这里的主语It是指American System, American System 当然不会使发明者更难获得patent。

      0 0 回复 2019-06-25 21:37:22

    • 评论用户头像

      Joyce L回复huang642

      American inventors were unable to enforce property rights because judges were “antipatent” and routinely invalidated patents for arbitrary reasons. 发明者更难获得patents直接原因是judges这种行为,不能确定是不是和American System有关,文中没有讨论,所以我们不能说American System使发明者更难获得patent

      1 0 回复 2019-07-29 23:26:39

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    anthony2333

    问的是学者们会同意以下哪一个观点,定位:scholars have questioned whether the American system helped achieve theframers’ goals. 学者们质疑专利法对美国经济的推动作用。所以可以直接对应选出E。

    A.    Its definition of property rights relating to inventions was too vague to be useful.

    B.    Its criteria for the granting of patents were not clear.

    C.    It made it excessively difficult for inventors to receive patents.

    D.    It led to excessive numbers of patent-infringement suits.

    E.     It failed to encourage national economic growth.

    选E

    0 0 回复 2018-11-29 16:40:21
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