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句子改错SC-16789 【难度:680-700】 Time Cost
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【OG20-P789-782题】

To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is a lack of a single yardstick that all distances can be measured by.

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暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 吃着香蕉开跑车 更新于2021-04-22 17:52:07 感谢由 吃着香蕉开跑车 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
B正确
A.主干是:To estimate the rate is a problem because there is a lack of a single yardstick。逻辑是:为了估算这个rate是一个困难,因为这里缺少一个所有距离能被测量的单一的标准,逻辑有点混乱是吧,原句to estimate用的不好,直接表示一个动作开头用动名词开头即可。
B项正确,Estimating the is a problem,因为there is no single yardstick by which all distances can be measured,by which调过来就是all distances can be measured by which(which=yardstick),逻辑正确。估算宇宙的膨胀率是一个众所周知的难题,因为没有一个单一的标准可以测量所有的距离。
C项先把原因放在了前面,逗号+doing是状语,改变了句子逻辑。By后面无搭配。
D项逻辑也不对,一个困难是去估算这个rate,because的后面is lacking 后直接接by which错误,短语是be lack of。
E项逻辑同样不对,且不简洁很绕,说去估算这个rate是一个问题,because后面直接接了by no single yardstick句式杂糅。

题目讨论 (10条评论)

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    1076107rcav

    A. To estimate the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is a lack of a single yardstick that all distances can be measured by. --- 1. 'a lack of a single yardstick' is wordier than 'no single yardstick' in B. 2. Unidiomatic end of the sentence with a preposition.
    
    B. Estimating the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem because there is no single yardstick by which all distances can be measured. --Estimating is a gerund used as part of a substantive noun phrase followed by its verb 'is.' Correct construction.
    
    C. Because there is a lack of a single yardstick to measure all distances by, estimating the expansion rate of the universe is a notoriously difficult problem. --- 'A lack of a single yardstick' is troublesome.
    
    D. A notoriously difficult problem is to estimate the expansion rate of the universe because a single yardstick is lacking by which all distances can be measured. --- is lacking by which' is a problem. It might mean that 'by which' modifies ' is lacking' rather than a yardstick.
    
    E. It is a notoriously difficult problem to estimate the expansion rate of the universe because by no single yardstick can all distances be measured.--- Meaning change, The text means to say that there is no single yardstick' but E says that a single yardstick(even if present) cannot measure all distances.

    0 0 回复 2022-08-30 20:15:22

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    Crystal8

    Ving 比to do做主语更好,因为to do做主语让人觉得后面还会有其他内容来解释to do,而这个句子后面又转到另外一个思路上去了。

    0 0 回复 2021-11-02 08:52:23

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    230235fbl

    A. to do做主语,表示句子目的想要解答estimate,但后来又说解决不了。逻辑混乱。A lack of可以简化
    C. A lack of可以简化
    D. 用problem开头,意在定义什么才是problem,而不是estimate是个困难。语义错误。
    E.because句倒置语序错,距离difficult太远了。以及to estimate应该改成how to estimate。不定式表目的。

    0 0 回复 2021-10-25 09:48:45

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    朋友醒醒

    Estimating the is a problem,因为there is no single yardstick by which all distances can be measured,by which调过来就是all distances can be measured by which(which=yardstick),逻辑正确。估算宇宙的膨胀率是一个众所周知的难题,因为没有一个单一的标准可以测量所有的距离。

    0 0 回复 2021-09-13 13:12:31

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    朋友醒醒

    先读明白原句逻辑是否合理

    0 0 回复 2021-09-13 13:11:43

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    yield

    b 我们缺少这样一个yardstick去量所有的距离
    e 我们可能已经有一些yardstick了 但是挑不出任何一个来量所有距离
    
    一道对逻辑语义的琢磨 gmat club上正确率极高 也就是说对英语母语者来说这种歧义很好判断 但是第二外语使用者就会困惑 因为e没有语法问题

    1 0 回复 2021-05-18 10:50:21

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    。。也太难了吧

    A选项错在哪里呀?to do不能开头? by 不能结尾?

    0 0 回复 2021-01-18 14:36:44

    • 评论用户头像

      不到740不分手回复。。也太难了吧

      to do能不能做主语不知道,但是介词肯定是不能放句末的。

      0 0 回复 2021-06-03 14:06:02

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    528893liuzu

    E选项,要注意这种倒装句,介词+否定词倒装的句式,还原正常语序后否定词放在谓语前面。
    Under no circumstance shall we throw litter around. —— We shall throw litter around under no circumstance.—— We shouldn’t throw litter around under any circumstance.

    0 0 回复 2020-09-17 15:41:31

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    Jennie在学习

    我类比了一下A和E的区别。
    “倒装+否定”让这里理解有难度。
    
    by no single person can all the work be done overnight.————All the work can be done by no single person.————中式转述(语法不对,仅帮助理解):All the work can't be done by a single person.————那么两个人或者更多人做就好了。
    there is no single person by whom all the work be done overnight.————世界上没有这样的一个人。什么样的一个人呢?可以连夜完成所有的工作的人。
    
    再看原文
    A:there is no single yardstick by which all distances can be measured 
    E:by no single yardstick can all distances be measured。暗示:我用两个或者再多点yardsticks就可以衡量距离了。

    9 0 回复 2020-09-07 19:48:21

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      Jennie在学习回复Jennie在学习

      哎呀 打错了 是B和E的区别

      1 0 回复 2020-09-07 19:55:03

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      176996llio回复Jennie在学习

      解释的好棒

      0 0 回复 2021-09-29 08:43:47

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    李小宝

    真正的解題點就是在because後面的can倒裝句,還原 : all distances can be measured by no single yardstick,句意上完全相反。
    
    B: no single yardstick BY WHICH...可以看作essential clause. 意思是“有一种yardstick不存在”。 By which修饰stick. 意思是一种特别的stick, 而不是随便什么stick.  这种stick具备一个特点: all distances can be measured.   这种yardstick 确实不存在,没毛病。
    E: 倒装恢复后是: all distances can be measured by no single yardstick.  真的没有任何一种yardstick能做到吗? 显然不对。
    总而言之,B是说:有一种满足xxx的yardstick不存在。 E是说: 没有一个yardstick能做到这件事。

    1 0 回复 2020-06-15 15:49:34

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