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OG20官方指南,建议同学们刷3遍。第一遍做题了解题型和考点,第二遍精刷,第三遍集中解决疑难问题。建议考生第一遍刷题采用官方正版纸质书籍,若遇到疑难问题,欢迎在此专区查阅解析,提供解析,参与题目讨论,与所有考生一起解决疑难问题。
阅读RC-17010 (第1/8题) Time Cost00:00
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该题平均耗时:4m50s,平均正确率:87.6%

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Arboria is floundering in the global marketplace, incurring devastating losses in market position and profits. The problem is not Arboria's products, but Arboria's trade policy. Arboria faces the prospect of continuing economic loss until Arborian business and political leaders recognize the fundamental differences between Arborian and foreign economic systems. Today the key trade issue is not free trade versus protectionism but diminishing trade versus expanding trade.

Arboria is operating with an obsolete trade policy, an artifact of the mid-1940s when Arboria and Whorfland dominated the global economy, tariffs were the principal obstacle to trade, and Arborian supremacy was uncontested in virtually all industries. In the intervening decades, economic circumstances have shifted radically. Arborian trade policy has not.

Today, Arboria's trade policy seems paralyzed by the relentless conflict between proponents of “free” and “fair” trade. The free traders argue that Arborian markets should be open, and the movement of goods and services across national borders unrestrained. The fair traders assert that access to Arborian markets should be restricted until Arborian businesses are granted equal access to foreign markets. They contend that free trade is impossible while other nations erect barriers to Arborian exports.

Both are correct: fair trade requires equal access and equal access leads to free trade. But both sides base their positions on the same two outdated premises:

1. Global commerce is conducted under the terms of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and dominated by Arboria and similar economic systems abroad.

2. Multilateral negotiations are the most effective way to resolve pressing trade issues.

Both assumptions are wrong. The 40-year-old GATT now covers less than 7 percent of global commerce. World trade is no longer dominated by the free-trade economies; nearly 75 percent is conducted by economic systems operating with principles at odds with those of Arboria. Forging a multilateral trade policy consensus among so many diverse economic systems has become virtually impossible. And while multilateral talks drag on, Arboria misses opportunities for trade expansion.

【OG20-P416-494题】

Which of the following best states the difference between free trade and fair trade, as explained in the passage?

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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当前版本由 Edward. 更新于2021-04-23 15:19:58 感谢由 Edward. 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

文章大意

Arboria正在衰落即原因

Arboria的政策过时了

Arboria关于fair trade和free trade的定位是正确的,但前提过时了

 

1. 细节题

A:没有对比关税

B:一致

C:没有提到

D:没提多边政策的不同

E:没提



题目讨论 5条评论)

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  • 用户头像

    贾思敏

    A. multilateral 是最后一段最后一个层次提到的,而这道题正确的定位是第二段,层次不分
    C. 错的是A并不是based on free trade的,A是在free trade和fair trade之间徘徊的,看这一句Arboria's trade policy seems paralyzed by the relentless conflict between proponents of “free” and “fair” trade. Arboria 的贸易政策似乎因“自由”和“公平”贸易的支持者之间的无情冲突而陷入瘫痪。 A并没有偏颇于free trade或fair trade两方之中的一方。
    D. negotiate individual trade agreements 还是 multilateral trade negotiations 都没有提及。
    E. level of global commerce、promotes a steady expansion of international trade根本在第二段就没提及,很明显选这个的要不就是脑补要不就是找错层次了。
    1 0 回复 2021-09-30 23:31:06
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    贾思敏

    题型:事实信息题
    
    题干:就是问free trade和fair trade的不同点
    
    回文定位:因为第二段首次提到free trade和fair trade,还说了这两个trade有conflict,所以定位第二段看观点词argue、assert和contend后面的观点,其实这一段的结构很清晰,先讲free trade是怎么样的,再讲fair trade是怎么样的,就很明显这两个trade的解释都是相对立的,比如:
    1、free trade:across national borders unrestrained
    2、fair trade:restricted、说free trade在erect barriers to Arborian exports的时候是不可能,那是因为free trade要unrestrained,而fair trade却是要restricted,所以fair trade就是在erect barriers to Arborian exports的时候可行的(这个点就是直接定位B选项了)
    1 0 回复 2021-09-30 23:23:39
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    如果有时间的话我也能做对

    这文章的内容点好多,光找对应句子都好费时间,我检查错题的时候都找了五分钟才把对应的原文内容找到。。。老头诚心的,这题就是为了难而难。真不厚道
    The fair traders assert that ……. They contend that free trade is impossible while other nations erect barriers to Arborian exports.结果这句话悄咪咪藏在一大段话的段尾
    现在对照正确答案吧B
    ">Free trade is based on the unrestricted movement of goods across all national boundaries, whereas fair trade is based on a nation's restriction of commerce with each nation that erects trade barriers to the first nation's exports.
    0 1 回复 2021-07-18 16:36:39
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    你这只猪

    解析对E选项的解读,真的是相当深入
    1 0 回复 2020-06-30 11:04:46
  • 用户头像

    Ninazhao

    第三段从The free traders argue that....across national borders unrestrained.
    free traders——markets open & national borders unrestrained
    fair traders——markets restricted
    所以选B
    0 0 回复 2020-05-22 21:42:27
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