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【OG20-P810-887题】

The World Wildlife Fund has declared that global warming, a phenomenon most scientists agree to be caused by human beings in burning fossil fuels, will create havoc among migratory birds by altering the environment in ways harmful to their habitats.

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  • 分析B选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析C选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析D选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析E选项 分析选校图标
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该题平均耗时:1m32s ,平均正确率:62.3%。 该题由网友vSVsTsY提供。更多GMAT题目请
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当前版本由 吃着香蕉开跑车 更新于2021-05-21 16:13:52 感谢由 吃着香蕉开跑车 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
选C
A选项,agree不及物V,a phenomenon most scientists agree (a phenomenon)to be caused by human beings in burning fossil fuels,把定从还原,先行词做agree的宾语,需要on或about。
B选项,a phenomenon( most scientists agree )(that is caused by fossil fuels burned by human beings),这个选项就是,科学家同意这个被...导致的现象,语义不合理 ,且that跳跃修饰不优选。
C选项,a phenomenon that most scientists agree(that a phenomenon ) is caused by human beings’ burning of fossil fuels,that定从修饰现象,先行词在定从中做定语从句中宾语从句的主语,这里是省略that的宾从。语义:一个现象,什么现象呢,定从修饰,就是由人类燃烧...导致的一个现象。
DE选项,which不修饰一句话。

题目讨论 10条评论)

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    388132ackd

    phenomenon不是只能用in which引导定从么…………
    0 0 回复 2021-10-24 14:20:28
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    samelany

    第二次做 我又选了B…….
    0 0 回复 2021-10-08 19:41:52
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      597907hqzzq回复samelany

      世另我

      0 0 回复 2022-03-06 15:21:08

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    吃苹果的萨芬

    (A) Incorrect. For the reasons mentioned above.
    
    (B) Incorrect. For the following reasons:
    
    When we have such structures as “most scientists agree” inserted inside a clause, then they should come between the subject and the verb. Here, both the subject (“that”) and the verb (“is”) appear after this structure. This order is incorrect.
    Logically, the global warming is caused by the burning of the fossils fuels, not by the fossil fuels themselves. Don’t blame them!
    (C) Correct. Everything is fine here. “that” also appears here and adds clarity to the sentence. Also, this option logically says that the global warming is caused by the burning of fossil fuels. “human beings’” is acting as an adjective to ‘burning’, rightly meaning that the burning is by human beings.
    
    (D) Incorrect. For the following reasons:
    
    If we remove “most scientists agree” from the sentence, it becomes “which on as phenomenon”. Non-sense! Right?
    Now, it doesn’t mean that we can always remove such clauses from the relative clauses. At times, a clause appearing after a relative pronoun may be the main clause and the relative pronoun may just be acting as an object. For example:
    
    The suggestions, which most members of the committee agreed on, have been shared with the government.
    The above sentence is perfectly fine. The relative clause essentially means “most members of the committee agreed on the suggestions”.
    
    However, if you remove “most members of the committee agreed” from the sentence, it’ll not make sense.
    
    Now, you can see that the difference between the above sentence and option D is that if we try to understand the meaning of the relative clause in option D, it wouldn’t lead to any sensible meaning.
    
    “most scientists agree on global warming as phenomenon caused…”
    
    This structure doesn’t make.
    
     2. The option suggests that the global warming is caused by human beings, and it presents additional information about human beings – they burn fossil fuels. We can see that saying so makes the main cause of global warming i.e. “burning of fossil fuels” just additional information in the sentence. Clearly, this option distorts the meaning of the sentence. 
    
    (E) Incorrect. For the following reasons:
    
    Use of “to be” is awkward, as explained in the sentence analysis.
    Repetition of Error No. 2 of option B.
    2 0 回复 2021-08-12 09:43:05
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    752090lx

    In A, in burning fossil fuels seems to modify human beings, implying that these human beings are coming to a most unfortunate end. Eliminate A.
    0 0 回复 2021-07-16 10:35:38
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    William(GMAT 750+)

    全球变暖的原因既不是human being,也不是fossil fuels, 而应该是 burning of fossil fuels
    1 0 回复 2021-03-30 18:31:30
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    CeciliaR

    全球变暖的原因既不是human being,也不是fossil fuels, 而应该是 burning of fossil fuels, caused by human beings’ burning of fossil fuels表达准确
    
    a phenomenon that most scientists agree is caused by human beings’ burning of fossil fuels
    是一个嵌套式关系从句,a phenomennon that …is caused by是定语从句, most scientists agree修饰phenomenon,因为作宾语成分可以省略关系词
    1 0 回复 2020-04-28 13:19:39
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    皮翠花

    A. to be caused❌
    B. phenomenon不是被fossil fuels引起的,而是burning fossil fuels引起的,语意❌
    C. most scientists agree是定语从句that is caused by...里的插入语
    2 0 回复 2020-04-08 00:28:48
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    368038axby

    C应该是嵌入式关系从句,most scientists agree...做先行词phenomenon 的定语,此先行词phenomenon 又在agree后的宾语从句is caused by...中作主语

    0 0 回复 2020-04-06 02:38:53
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    368038axby

    应该是嵌入式关系从句,most scientists agree...做先行词phenomenon 的定语,此先行词phenomenon 又在agree后的宾语从句is caused by...中作主语
    0 0 回复 2020-04-06 02:32:07
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    一只大鲨鱼

    既不是casued by人类,也不是caused by煤炭,而是人类燃烧煤炭这个动作,或说这个举措
    1 0 回复 2020-03-13 08:24:05
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