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OG20官方指南,建议同学们刷3遍。第一遍做题了解题型和考点,第二遍精刷,第三遍集中解决疑难问题。建议考生第一遍刷题采用官方正版纸质书籍,若遇到疑难问题,欢迎在此专区查阅解析,提供解析,参与题目讨论,与所有考生一起解决疑难问题。
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When Jamaican-born social activist Marcus Garvey came to the United States in 1916, he arrived at precisely the right historical moment. What made the moment right was the return of African American soldiers from the First World War in 1918, which created an ideal constituency for someone with Garvey's message of unity, pride, and improved conditions for African American communities.

Hoping to participate in the traditional American ethos of individual success, many African American people entered the armed forces with enthusiasm, only to find themselves segregated from white troops and subjected to numerous indignities. They returned to a United States that was as segregated as it had been before the war. Considering similar experiences, anthropologist Anthony F. C. Wallace has argued that when a perceptible gap arises between a culture’s expectations and the reality of that culture, the resulting tension can inspire a revitalization movement: an organized, conscious effort to construct a culture that fulfills longstanding expectations.

Some scholars have argued that Garvey created the consciousness from which he built, in the 1920s, the largest revitalization movement in African American history. But such an argument only tends to obscure the consciousness of identity, strength, and sense of history that already existed in the African American community. Garvey did not create this consciousness; rather, he gave this consciousness its political expression.

【OG20-P414-490题】

According to the passage, which of the following contributed to Marcus Garvey's success?

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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该题目由网友8jY6rrp提供。更多GMAT题目请
暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 342108no 更新于2019-11-12 12:14:44 感谢由 342108no 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
从题目推测文章在解释G成功的原因
What made the moment right was the return【重点,有什么影响?】 of African American soldiers from the First World War in 1918, which created an ideal constituency for someone【上文的士兵】 with Garvey's message of unity, pride, and improved conditions【G的主张】 for African American communities.
第二段详细解释士兵的二战经历,“only to find ”是提示词,说明消极的事实themselves segregated from white troops and subjected to numerous indignities与积极的预期Hoping to participate in the traditional American ethos of individual success不符。紧接着W的观点是核心提示“when a perceptible gap arises between a culture’s expectations and the reality of that culture, the resulting tension can inspire a revitalization movement”,说明社会基础已经完备-->G的观点顺应了社会观念,因此获得成功

题目讨论 9条评论)

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    Mariposa爱学习

    第一段、第二段前半部分、第三段后面3分之2----作者态度
    第二段后半部分和第三段前面3分之1----FCW和some scholars各自观点
    因为作者观点很不明显,通常没有标志词,所以阅读的时候要多个心眼
    0 0 回复 2020-11-16 17:58:46
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    Mariposa爱学习

    precisely 刚刚好
    constituency选民;支持者
    ethos社会思潮
    indignities侮辱
    perceptible可察觉的
    revitalization复兴
    obscure掩盖
    0 0 回复 2020-11-16 17:55:30
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    大开杀G

    A是答非所问,题问:“什么促进的Macus的成功?”,而不是问“Marcus成功表现在哪”
    网友解释有误
    
    另外introduce译为“提出”
    0 0 回复 2020-05-08 22:22:05
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    Stanley想去荷兰

    先定位问题,G出现在第一第三段 Garvey did not create this consciousness; rather, he gave this consciousness its political expression.看不出什么东西,往前翻一句, already existed in the African American community.所以符合C选项audience已经形成
    1 0 回复 2019-12-29 09:26:12
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    陈姜姜河

    我认为的时间线consciousness> soldiers to war1 > back tension> M>political expression
    1 0 回复 2018-12-28 11:48:40
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    GMAT上700

    提到G的只有两个地方,第一段和第二段。第一段是解释为什么G是right moment,讲的是

    soldiers的贡献。最后一段才是讲G的贡献



    0 0 回复 2017-11-20 15:18:25
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    yuikeo

    这里trick比较大,MG1916年到美国,黑人是1918年一战结束后回来,而一战是1914年开始,黑人不可能在结束后参军,而是战争开始就参军了,根据第二段开头知道,参军的时候黑人就有很大热情,受到个人英雄主义的影响,所以选项C中说黑人已经形成了这种意识是正确的。文章故意先说现在后说以前。
    0 0 回复 2017-11-08 19:01:22
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    yuikeo

    这里trick比较大,MG1916年到美国,黑人是1918年一战结束后回来,而一战是1914年开始,黑人不可能在结束后参军,而是战争开始就参军了,根据第二段开头知道,参军的时候黑人就有很大热情,受到个人英雄主义的影响,所以选项C中说黑人已经形成了这种意识是正确的。文章故意先说现在后说以前。

    0 0 回复 2017-11-08 19:01:18
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    yanhairiluo113

    细节题,文中作者认为MG的成功是当时美国黑人社会已经存在了一些诸如身份自知等意识,只是G用政治的方法表现了出来。
    A错误,introduced不对,因为作者在文章最后指出G did not create this consciousness.
    B错误,这并非他成功的原因
    C正确,与文章内容吻合
    D错误,文中未提及
    E错误,文中未提及
    0 0 回复 2015-10-28 16:30:06
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