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OG18官方指南,建议同学们刷3遍。第一遍做题了解题型和考点,第二遍精刷,第三遍集中解决疑难问题。建议考生第一遍刷题采用官方正版纸质书籍,若遇到疑难问题,欢迎在此专区查阅解析,提供解析,参与题目讨论,与所有考生一起解决疑难问题。
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该题平均耗时:2m21s,平均正确率:75.3%

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Manufacturers have to do more than build large manufacturing plants to realize economies of scale.It is true that as the capacity of a manufacturing operation rises, costs per unit of output fall as plant size approaches "minimum efficient scale," where the cost per unit of output reaches a minimum, determined roughly by the state of existing technology and size of the potential market. However, minimum efficient scale cannot be fully realized unless a steady "throughput" (the flow of materials through a plant) is attained. The throughput needed to maintain the optimal scale of production requires careful coordination not only of the flow of goods through the production process, but also of the flow of input from suppliers and the flow of output to wholesalers and final consumers. If throughput falls below a critical point, unit costs rise sharply and profits disappear. A manufacturer’s fixed costs and "sunk costs" (original capital investment in the physical plant) do not decrease when production declines due to inadequate supplies of raw materials, problems on the factory floor, or inefficient sales networks. Consequently, potential economies of scale are based on the physical and engineering characteristics of the production facilities—that is, on tangible capital—but realized economies of scale are operational and organizational, and depend on knowledge, skills, experience, and teamwork—that is, on organized human capabilities, or intangible capital.

The importance of investing in intangible capital becomes obvious when one looks at what happens in new capital-intensive manufacturing industries. Such industries are quickly dominated, not by the first firms to acquire technologically sophisticated plants of theoretically optimal size, but rather by the first to exploit the full potential of such plants. Once some firms achieve this, a market becomes extremely hard to enter. Challengers must construct comparable plants and do so after the first movers have already worked out problems with suppliers or with new production processes. Challengers must create distribution networks and marketing systems in markets where first movers have all the contacts and know-how. And challengers must recruit management teams to compete with those that have already mastered these functional and strategic activities.

【OG20-P428-529题】

The passage suggests that which of the following is true of a manufacturer's fixed and sunk costs?

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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该题目由网友pT8JT提供。更多GMAT题目请
暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 ya**** 更新于2015-11-01 15:14:39 感谢由 ya**** 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
由题干fixed and sunk costs定位于文章第17到22行,从文中可知,生产商的固定成本和沉没成本不随生产量的下降而下降
A错误,文中没有提及“规模或者程度被低估”的内容
B错误,文中未提及
C错误,primary文中未提及
D错误,文中未涉及“应该与竞争对手的此方面成本保持一致”
E正确,符合文章意思

题目讨论 5条评论)

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    Nicol

    定位一句话:A manufacturer’s fixed costs and "sunk costs" (original capital investment in the physical plant) do not decrease when production declines due to inadequate supplies of raw materials, problems on the factory floor, or inefficient sales networks. 
    
    
    A  The extent to which they are determined by market conditions for the goods being manufactured is frequently underestimated.
    未提及 underestimated
     B If they are kept as low as possible, the manufacturer is very likely to realize significant profits.
    未提及“keep as low as possible”
     C They are the primary factor that determines whether a manufacturer will realize economies of scale.
    未提及“Primary factor”
     D They should be on a par with the fixed and sunk costs of the manufacturer’s competitors.
    未提及“should be on a par with..” 
    E They are not affected by fluctuations in a manufacturing plant’s throughput.
      截取的段落说不会随着生产的下降而下降,那也就是对应E中的意思不会受“throughput”的影响而波动。
    0 0 回复 2018-12-25 15:56:26
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    盐饮

    A The extent to which they are determined by market conditions for the goods being manufactured is frequently underestimated. Not mentioned
    B If they are kept as low as possible, the manufacturer is very likely to realize significant profits. ×
    C They are the primary factor that determines whether a manufacturer will realize economies of scale. Primary×
    D They should be on a par with the fixed and sunk costs of the manufacturer’s competitors. Not mentioned 
    On a par with与…同样,和…同等
    E They are not affected by fluctuations in a manufacturing plant’s throughput.
    0 0 回复 2018-10-01 16:40:14
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    Lawrence Von

    成本和“固定成本以及沉没成本”是两个概念。
    就算你规模效应到成本变成了0,你的固定成本还是在那里(original capital investment in the physical plant)。 固定成本或者沉没成本是一开始投资下去就决定了的。
    0 0 回复 2018-07-30 17:51:55
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    考到770不是梦

    可是文中说的是decline,选项说的fluctuate还包括上升呢……
    0 0 回复 2018-07-27 16:12:20
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    默默

    看关键词参与的句子
    0 0 回复 2018-05-17 05:29:23
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