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Naked mole rats form colonies of approximately twenty animals, each of which consists of a single

reproductive female and workers that defend her.

  • 分析A选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析B选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析C选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析D选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析E选项 分析选校图标
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暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 对三儿,要不起 更新于2015-07-08 15:53:57 感谢由 对三儿,要不起 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
根据and的并列首先排除DE两个选项,因为and和前面的内容不平行;
A选项which可以指代animals,语义错误;B选项句子结构错误。
当前版本由 70**** 更新于2015-12-10 19:15:29 感谢由 70**** 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

AB选项修饰的都是animals,不符合原句的逻辑语义。C选项是一个正确的独立主格结构。D选项them指代不清,即使each of them没有问题,后面也应该是consists。E选项连词and连接两个完整的句子,那么谓语动词应该是consists而不是consisting.



题目讨论 13条评论)

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    251710y

    the problem with choice A: It's basically impossible to understand in a single read-through.
    If your eyes see "... colonies of 20 animals, each of which ____...", then you will definitely think that "_____" is going to describe the animals, unless you are informed in advance of the intended meaning.
    
    In general, when GMAC has allowed which-modifiers to describe things of the form "noun + preposition + other noun", they've avoided this issue by making "other noun" incompatible with the modifier.
    1 0 回复 2021-09-14 09:19:54
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    203564xjos

    裸鼹鼠形成大约 20 只动物的群体,每个群体由一个生殖雌性和保护她的工人组成。
    0 0 回复 2021-09-01 13:24:39
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    Dora6688

    独立主格结构 要通过Meaning分辨出独立主格到底修饰的是什么。独立主格可以修饰句子里面的任一成分,要通过语义判断,不一定跟which一样必须是就近的。这个句子是每一个聚集地包括一个可以繁殖的女性和保护她的工人(字面意思 不要介意哈哈),而不是动物animals里面包含。each colony consisting S+修饰 主动语态包括
    0 0 回复 2020-11-13 17:11:24
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    mattyy

    传说中的独立主格结构吗
    2 0 回复 2020-05-11 18:06:21
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    400882nbt

    其实排除AB是因为指代不清吧
    0 0 回复 2019-12-21 23:16:10
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    Isobelcxd

    So in this case, we can eliminate (D) right away: “each… consist” is wrong, since “each” is singular. 
    
    The other thing that jumps out at me is the word “them” in answer choices (B) and (D). The most recent plural noun is “animals” – but that doesn’t make any sense. “Each of the animals consisting of a single reproductive female and workers…”?? Nope. So (B) is gone, too. 
    
    (A) has a nearly identical issue: “each of which” seems to refer back to “animals” as well, and that’s illogical. Our last two choices, (C) and (E), clarify the meaning by using the phrase “each colony.” 
    
    The only difference between (C) and (E) is the word “and” -- and that doesn’t quite work in (E). We’d need a full clause after the “and” in this case: “and each colony consisted…” would be OK, but “consisting” is a participle (modifier) here, so we definitely don’t need the “and.” 
    
    So our winner is (C). “each colony consisting” is just a modifier – and it makes perfect sense as a source of extra information for that initial clause, “Naked mole rats form colonies of approximately 20 animals…” 
    
    from gmatclub--GMATNinJa
    1 0 回复 2018-11-13 21:41:18
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    丝瓜瓤

    from能做谓语????????
    0 0 回复 2018-10-29 21:43:56
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      crazytime回复丝瓜瓤

      form

      0 0 回复 2018-11-10 13:09:43

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      交流回复丝瓜瓤

      看错了

      0 0 回复 2019-03-24 23:05:51

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    艾米米好可爱

    you can use a simpler understanding of "and" -- namely, it creates parallelism, and there aren't parallel structures in (e).
    i.e., there is nothing on the left that can possibly be regarded as parallel to "each colony consisting..."
    
    * in fact, the usage of "and" is inappropriate in the first place -- that is, it's nonsense to use "and" here.
    "X and Y" implies no necessary relationship between "X" and "Y". that isn't how this sentence actually works: instead, here, the second part of the sentence gives further description of the idea mentioned in the first.
    this is exactly why modifiers exist, so the sentence must be written with that information as a modifier, not as "and Y".
    0 0 回复 2018-08-17 02:45:31
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    默默

    each一般作同位语
    0 0 回复 2018-06-19 05:14:56
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    Shae

    为什么感觉这句话没有谓语
    0 0 回复 2018-06-14 10:34:15
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      lavieena回复Shae

      这句话的结构是这样的,rats form colonies,each colony consisting作为独立主格修饰前面这句话。

      0 0 回复 2018-07-16 21:56:20

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    vintage740

    独立主格要修饰的对象是 colony,不是animals呀,句义还是关键

    0 0 回复 2017-11-02 11:03:35
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    jasmine0206

    RON说: 在选项中有出现代词也有出现具体名词的,选择那个具体名词的  所以就可以排除剩下CE、
    
    E选项的,and 是连接前后两个完整句才对,后面就要consists而不是consisting
    0 0 回复 2017-07-23 16:40:58
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      默默回复jasmine0206

      w

      0 0 回复 2018-06-19 05:16:47

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    小海绵布丁

    which 和 them指代不清
    and并列错误
    C为正确独立主格,colony做subject
    0 0 回复 2017-05-13 23:21:17
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