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该题平均耗时:2m55s,平均正确率:57.6% 添加做题笔记

The term “episodic memory” was introduced by Tulving to refer to what he considered a uniquely human capacity—the ability to recollect specific past events, to travel back into the past in one’s own mind—as distinct from the capacity simply to use information acquired through past experiences. Subsequently, Clayton et al. developed criteria to test for episodic memory in animals. According to these criteria, episodic memories are not of individual bits of information; they involve multiple components of a single event “bound” together. Clayton sought to examine evidence of scrub jays’ accurate memory of “what,” “where,” and “when” information and their binding of this information. In the wild, these birds store food for retrieval later during periods of food scarcity. Clayton’s experiment required jays to remember the type, location, and freshness of stored food based on a unique learning event. Crickets were stored in one location and peanuts in another. Jays prefer crickets, but crickets degrade more quickly. Clayton’s birds switched their preference from crickets to peanuts once the food had been stored for a certain length of time, showing that they retain information about the what, the where, and the when. Such experiments cannot, however, reveal whether the birds were reexperiencing the past when retrieving the information. Clayton acknowledged this by using the term “episodic-like” memory.

According to the passage, part of the evidence that scrub jays can bind information is that they


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当前版本由 bella 更新于2015-11-18 10:00:37 感谢由 bella 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

showing that they retain information about the what, the where, and the when. 
所以要证明小鸟会bind information,必须至少提到what,where 或者when中的一个!


A 明显与文章结论相悖,错
B 无关三个要素
C 评估食物的新鲜度 无关
D what kind of food 就是what 正确
E 小鸟还没这么高级可以recollect吧,它们只是简单记忆在哪。。。而且这个信息与题目也没有关系


题目讨论 2条评论)

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    Mariposa爱学习

    “what,” “where,” and “when” information and their binding of this information
    
    D选项正好说明了what和where的联系
    0 0 回复 2021-02-22 18:43:58
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    逆旅duckweed

    Clayton’s birds switched their preference from crickets to peanuts once the food had been stored for a certain length of time,showing that they retain information about the what, the where, and the when.
    
    选项D中:what kind of food 对应“what”  in a particular location 对应“where”
    0 0 回复 2018-08-19 14:19:39
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    2m55s

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    57.6%

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