For many years, historians thought that the development of capitalism had not faced serious challenges in the United States. Writing in the early twentieth century, Progressive historians sympathized with the battles waged by farmers and small producers against large capitalists in the late nineteenth century, but they did not question the widespread acceptance of laissez-faire (unregulated) capitalism throughout American history. Similarly, Louis Hartz, who sometimes disagreed with the Progressives, argued that Americans accepted laissez-faire capitalism without challenge because they lacked a feudal, precaptialist past. Recently, however, some scholars have argued that even though laissez-faire became the prevailing ethos in nineteen-century America, it was not accepted without struggle. Laissez-faire capitalism, they suggest, clashed with existing religious and communitarian norms that imposed moral constraints on acquisitiveness to protect the weak from the predatory, the strong from corruption, and the entire culture from materialist excess. Buttressed by mercantilist notions that government should be both regulator and promoter of economic activity, these norms persisted long after the American Revolution helped unleash the economic forces that produced capitalism. These scholars argue that even in the late nineteenth century, with the government’s role in the economy considerably diminished, laissez-faire had not triumphed completely. Hard times continued to revive popular demands for regulating business and softening the harsh edges of laissez-faire capitalism.
The passage suggests that the scholars mentioned in highlight would agree with which of the following statements regarding the “norms” mentioned in highlight ?
关键词norms，看到高亮部分，Laissez-faire capitalism, they suggest, clashed with existing religious and communitarian norms （that imposed moral constraints on acquisitiveness to protect the weak from the predatory, the strong from corruption, and the entire culture from materialist excess.）括号里面都是修饰的norms，句子主干是Laissez-faire capitalism clashed with existing religious and communitarian norms 说明 norms 和Laissez-faire capitalism 是相碰撞的，A正确
选项B Their appeal was undermined by difficult economic times 回文的内容未提及
选项C They disappeared in the United States in the late nineteenth century 回文的内容未提及
选项D They facilitated the successful implementation of mercantilist notions未提及，且是mercantilist notions支持了norm，而不是norm 促进mercantilist notions
选项E are now recognized by historians as having been an important part 文章未提及
0 0 回复 2019-10-08 19:33:15
注意原文中有一个词 clash with和···有冲突