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阅读RC-11445 (第7/10题) Time Cost00:00
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Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact through the reduction or elimination of waste from production processes) has become a goal for companies worldwide, with many realizing significant cost savings from such innovations. Peter Senge and Goran Carstedt see this development as laudable but suggest that simply adopting ecoefficiency innovations could actually worsen environmental stresses in the future. Such innovations reduce production waste but do not alter the number of products manufactured nor the waste generated from their use and discard; indeed, most companies invest in ecoefficiency improvements in order to increase profits and growth. Moreover, there is no guarantee that increased economic growth from ecoefficiency will come in similarly ecoefficient ways, since in today’s global markets, greater profits may be turned into investment capital that could easily be reinvested in old-style eco-inefficient industries. Even a vastly more ecoefficient industrial system could, were it to grow much larger, generate more total waste and destroy more habitat and species than would a smaller, less ecoefficient economy. Senge and Carstedt argue that to preserve the global environment and sustain economic growth, businesses must develop a new systemic approach that reduces total material use and total accumulated waste. Focusing exclusively on ecoefficiency, which offers a compelling business case according to established thinking, may distract companies from pursuing radically different products and business models.

The passage implies that which of the following is a possible consequence of a company’s adoption of innovations that increase its ecoefficiency?


  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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当前版本由 感觉自己萌萌哒 更新于2015-12-29 10:16:25 感谢由 感觉自己萌萌哒 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

根据题干中"a company's adoption of innovation that increase its ecoefficiency"定位至文中8-15行,"simply adopting ecoefficiency… Such innovations…."。采用ecoefficiency不会改变被生产产品的数量,也不会改变从在产品的使用和丢弃过程中产生的垃圾的数量。因此,可以推断出正确选项(B):公司会制造更多产品,产品的使用和丢弃会给环境带来更坏的压力。

A: 混淆文意:"再投资到不能保证ecoefficiency的方向"实际上是上题中"companies' realization of greater profits"的后果,而不是"adoption of innovation that increase its ecoefficiency"的后果。

C: 题目问的是adoption of innovation that increase its ecoefficiency, 而不是那些fails to realize significant cost savings的公司(文中没提过)

D: 文中没有提及ecoefficient的公司和eco-inefficient的公司在全球市场上的竞争情况。

E: 同 A,"再投资到不能保证ecoefficiency的方向"实际上是上题中"companies' realization of greater profits"的后果,而不是"adoption of innovation that increase its ecoefficiency"的后果。



题目讨论 (3条评论)

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  • 用户头像
    1110638e

    啊,我选了C,indeed, most companies invest in ecoefficiency improvements in order to increase profits and growth. 因为公司是为了增加利润才干的,所以我以为没有达成增加利润的公司就不干了。其实不是,他还可以达成别的好处。。是不是可以这样理解
    0 0 回复 2021-08-10 08:35:58
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    gigiooo

    我错选了A。
    但仔细一看发现A选项是这样理解的:
    Company X makes profits from innovation --> Company X is likely to reinvest the profits into Company X itself (文中的that company指的就是mkae profits的company本身啊!)
    我读的时候把“that company"看成“the company” 所以选错了
    0 0 回复 2018-11-08 04:56:43
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    哈哈

    文章定位:indeed, most companies invest in ecoefficiency improvements in order to increase profits and growth. Moreover, there is no guarantee that increased economic growth from ecoefficiency will come in similarly ecoefficient ways, since in today’s global markets, greater profits may be turned into investment capital that could easily be reinvested in old-style eco-inefficient industries.
    
    A:Company profits resulting from such innovations may be reinvested in that company with no guarantee that the company will continue to make further improvements in ecoefficiency.
    A错在认为利润是来自于innovations不会再投资资源效率型company(may be reinvested in that company)。而文中说的是greater profits may be turned into investment capital.一个A是直接投资在公司,而文中是投资在资金上,可能会间接投资到会投资到old-style eco-inefficient industries的资金。
    其实这题优点难,主要是在A和B的纠结上。原来看不出A有什么不对,看了半天才发现有这个点的区别。还希望如果有大牛的话再多多指教。
    0 0 回复 2017-07-04 18:40:32
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