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In a new book about the antiparty feeling of the early political leaders of the United States, Ralph Ketcham argues that the first six Presidents differed decisively from later Presidents because the first six held values inherited from the classical humanist tradition of eighteenth-century England. In this view, government was designed not to satisfy the private desires of the people but to make them better citizens; this tradition stressed the disinterested devotion of political leaders to the public good. Justice, wisdom, and courage were more important qualities in a leader than the ability to organize voters and win elections. Indeed, leaders were supposed to be called to office rather than to run for office. And if they took up the burdens of public office with a sense of duty, leaders also believed that such offices were naturally their due because of their social preeminence or their contributions to the country. Given this classical conception of leadership, it is not surprising that the first six Presidents condemned political parties. Parties were partial by definition, self-interested, and therefore serving something other than the transcendent public good.

Even during the first presidency (Washington's), however, the classical conception of virtuous leadership was being undermined by commercial forces that had been gathering since at least the beginning of the eighteenth century. Commerce—its profit-making, its self-interestedness, its individualism—became the enemy of these classical ideals. Although Ketcham does not picture the struggle in quite this way, he does rightly see Jackson's tenure (the seventh presidency) as the culmination of the acceptance of party, commerce, and individualism. For the Jacksonians, nonpartisanship lost its relevance, and under the direction of Van Buren, party gained a new legitimacy. The classical ideals of the first six Presidents became identified with a privileged aristocracy, an aristocracy that had to be overcome in order to allow competition between opposing political interests. Ketcham is so strongly committed to justifying the classical ideals, however, that he underestimates the advantages of their decline. For example, the classical conception of leadership was incompatible with our modern notion of the freedoms of speech and press, freedoms intimately associated with the legitimacy of opposing political parties.

The author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about Ketcham?

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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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当前版本由 Litchichi 更新于2020-12-11 13:26:09 感谢由 Litchichi 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
定位:Ketcham is so strongly committed to justifying the classical ideals, however, that he underestimates the advantages of their decline. 这句话中的 underestimate the advantages of their decline = 低估了下降的优势,“优势” 是相对于文章最后一句话提到的内容,即,前6位总统之后的总统管理模式不是没有优势的,其优势在于人们可以自由发声。因此,低估下降的优势 = 低估了后面的总统的管理优势,而这是前6位总统所不能提供的,也就是前6位总统的管理劣势,即,Ketcham 高估了前6位总统的优势,而忽略了他们的劣势,选C。

题目讨论 (6条评论)

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    小飞侠1005

    看到advantage 就想当然觉得是好处了 注意呀 是"advantages of their decline" !!!!!! 那不就是“disadvantage”嘛
    0 0 回复 2022-10-04 13:11:49
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    432442ba

    一定要把C这句话的意思理解清楚,真实意思是前六个总统对classical ideal的贡献,对于社会发展是不利的,而不是说前六个总统对classical ideal产生了消极影响。受害者是社会发展和价值观,不是这个classical ideal
    0 0 回复 2019-10-21 17:50:05
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    chyx

    A.过于强调CI,而不是CI对presidents的影响
    0 0 回复 2019-10-06 09:26:15
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    水水水770

    Ketcham is so strongly committed to justifying the classical ideals, however, that he underestimates the advantages of their decline. For example, the classical conception of leadership was incompatible with our modern notion of the freedoms of speech and press, freedoms intimately associated with the legitimacy of opposing political parties.
    0 0 回复 2019-10-04 19:29:48
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    nicko

    K这个人太承认这个CI的好,以致于忽视了他的下降带来的好处。及这个CI是有好有坏的部分,但是他过渡关注好的那方面。有点偏激了
    2 0 回复 2018-07-07 22:44:24
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      UomoVitruviano回复nicko

      Agree

      0 0 回复 2019-01-21 14:45:46

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      目标750回复 nicko

      同意,这里有个 so ...that...结构,需要注意

      0 0 回复 2021-06-13 12:02:57

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    前来围观

    对应原文最后两句。
    0 0 回复 2018-06-28 10:08:04
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