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During the nineteenth century, occupational information about women that was provided by the United States census-a population count conducted each decade-became more detailed and precise in response to social changes. Through 1840, simple enumeration by household mirrored a home-based agricultural economy and hierarchical social order: the head of the household (presumed male or absent) was specified by name, whereas other household members were only indicated by the total number of persons counted in various categories, including occupational categories. Like farms, most enterprises were family-run, so that the census measured economic activity as an attribute of the entire household, rather than of individuals.

The 1850 census, partly responding to antislavery and women's rights movements, initiated the collection of specific information about each individual in a household. Not until 1870 was occupational information analyzed by gender: the census superintendent reported 1.8 million women employed outside the home in "gainful and reputable occupations." In addition, he arbitrarily attributed to each family one woman "keeping house." Overlap between the two groups was not calculated until 1890, when the rapid entry of women into the paid labor force and social issues arising from industrialization were causing women's advocates and women statisticians to press for more thorough and accurate accounting of women's occupations and wages.

The passage suggests which of the following about the "women's advocates and women statisticians" mentioned in the highlighted text?

  • 分析A选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析B选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析C选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析D选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析E选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
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当前版本由 AA要考700 更新于2020-08-09 17:46:16 感谢由 AA要考700 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

 定位全文的最后一整句,考整句话的理解。 Overlap between the two groups was not calculated until 1890, when the rapid entry of women into the paid labor force and social issues arising from industrialization were causing women's advocates and women statisticians to press for more thorough and accurate accounting of women's occupations and wages.

意思是:直到1890年,妇女迅速加入有报酬的劳动力队伍和工业化引起的社会问题,导致”妇女倡导者和妇女统计人员“要求对妇女的职业和工资进行更彻底和准确的核算,才计算出这两个群体之间的重叠。

并不是说需要妇女需要入职人口普查局才行,重点是在之前的核算不顾彻底和精确,B正确。



题目讨论 (4条评论)

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    小飞侠1005

    或许C 选项不应该是“antislavery” 而是“women‘s right” 比较准确?
    0 0 回复 2022-10-04 14:02:45
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    323889sgrze

    the 【rapid entry of women】 into the paid labor force and social issues arising from industrialization 讲的就是economic changes
    0 0 回复 2020-11-09 11:21:50
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    Kath1230

    the 【rapid entry of women】 into the paid labor force and social issues arising from industrialization 
    讲的就是economic changes
    0 0 回复 2019-02-04 22:41:49
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    ZoeyYoung

    (A) They wanted to call attention to the lack of pay for women who worked in the home.(新说法)
    
    (B) They believed that previous census information was inadequate and did not reflect certain economic changes in the United States. (对应原文信息:women's advocates and women statisticians to press for more thorough and accurate accounting of women's occupations and wages)
    
    (C) They had begun to press for changes in census-taking methods as part of their participation in the antislavery movement. (新说法)
    
    (D) They thought that census statistics about women would be more accurate if more women were employed as census officials. (新说法)
    
    (E) They had conducted independent studies that disputed the official statistics provided by previous United States censuses. (新说法)
    0 0 回复 2018-08-25 17:40:17
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