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Citing the fact that the real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita was higher in 1997 than ever before, some journalists have argued that the United States economy performed ideally in 1997. However, the real GDP is almost always higher than ever before; it falls only during recessions. One point these journalists overlooked is that in 1997, as in the twenty-four years immediately preceding it, the real GDP per capita grew nearly one-half percent a year more slowly than it had on average between 1873 and 1973. Were the 1997 economy as robust as claimed, the growth rate of real GDP per capita in 1997 would have surpassed the average growth rate of real GDP per capita between 1873 and 1973 because over fifty percent of the population worked for wages in 1997 whereas only forty percent worked for wages between 1873 and 1973. If the growth rate of labor productivity (output per hour of goods and services) in 1997 had equaled its average growth rate between 1873 and 1973 of more than two percent, then, given the proportionately larger workforce that existed in 1997, real GDP per capita in 1997 would have been higher than it actually was, since output is a major factor in GDP. However, because labor productivity grew by only one percent in 1997, real GDP per capita grew more slowly in 1997 than it had on average between 1873 and 1973.

The author of the passage asserts that "the real GDP is almost always higher than ever before" (see highlighted text) most probably in order to

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题目讨论 (7条评论)

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    234525bzfp

    要注意辨别高亮部分前面一句话,说“1997年的gdp比以往都高是正确的”,这个事实本身并没有错误,因此不可选
    0 0 回复 2022-11-26 21:42:40
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    小飞侠1005

    fact 不会inaccurate
    0 0 回复 2022-10-04 14:09:08
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    可欣同学

    A选项 inaccurate不对,事实不会不正确,只是不能证明那个推断。
    4 0 回复 2020-10-17 17:51:35
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    284452gzyr

    并没有相反,只是说GDP的增长不能推出经济的ideal。如果是相反的关系,就是GDP增长代表着经济的下滑,显然是不对的
    1 0 回复 2020-10-06 10:17:00
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    Kath1230

    C show that a fact cited in support of a claim does not prove the claim
    【CITE】Citing the fact that the real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita was higher in 1997 than ever before, 
    【CLAIM】some journalists have argued that the United States economy performed ideally in 1997. 
    the real GDP is almost always higher than ever before这句就是来反驳上面的claim 用那个fact是不能说明那个claim的
    0 0 回复 2019-02-03 00:42:05
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    snowman

    文章其实想表达的是1997年的经济增长并没有那么ideal,因为1)GDP永远会更高,所以对比GDP没有价值;2)1997年的人均GDP增长速度没有1973-1993那么高。综合这两点,1997年的人均GDP并不理想,因为它本来可以更高。
    
    所以,分清楚人均GDP和人均GDP增长速度很关键,记者引用的数据并没有错误,而只是忽略了人均GDP增长率的对比。
    
    而这些文章里都没有明确的观点句,需要自己在读懂文章的基础上去总结。所以这篇文章读起来容易实际上不容易。
    2 0 回复 2018-05-16 13:41:46
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    dhhh

    fact:real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita was higher in 1997 than ever before
    claim: that the United States economy performed ideally in 1997
    题目的意思是反驳:可以通过这个fact 得出这个claim。
    A选项说的是fact错误。事实是不会错的。B选项,没有存在相反关系。C选项,这个fact 不能退出claim。正确
    2 0 回复 2017-08-17 10:07:49
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