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阅读RC-16053 (第5/7题) Time Cost00:00
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In Forces of Production, David Noble examines the transformation of the machine-tool industry as the industry moved from reliance on skilled artisans to automation. Noble writes from a Marxist perspective, and his central argument is that management, in its decisions to automate, conspired against labor: the power that the skilled machinists wielded in the industry was intolerable to management. Noble fails to substantiate this claim, although his argument is impressive when he applies the Marxist concept of “de-skilling”—the use of technology to replace skilled labor—to the automation of the machine-tool industry. In automating, the industry moved to computer-based, digitized “numerical-control” (N/C) technology, rather than to artisan-generated “record-playback” (R/P) technology.Although both systems reduced reliance on skilled labor, Noble clearly prefers R/P, with its inherent acknowledgment of workers’ skills: unlike N/C, its programs were produced not by engineers at their computers, but by skilled machinists, who recorded their own movements to “teach” machines to duplicate those movements. However, Noble’s only evidence of conspiracy is that, although the two approaches were roughly equal in technical merit, management chose N/C. From this he concludes that automation is undertaken not because efficiency demands it or scientific advances allow it, but because it is a tool in the ceaseless war of capitalists against labor.

The author of the passage commends Noble’s book for which of the following?

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当前版本由 216505pr 更新于2021-11-05 09:36:09 感谢由 216505pr 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

Noble fails to substantiate this claim, although his argument is impressive when he applies the Marxist concept of “de-skilling”—the use oftechnology to replace skilled the automation of the machine-tool industry.定位到这句话中,几乎是原句


题目讨论 (6条评论)

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  • 用户头像
    jianfengai

    commend是赞扬的意思,不是评论的意思
    0 0 回复 2020-08-07 17:32:13
    • 评论用户头像

      万恶的gmat回复jianfengai

      坑爹

      1 0 回复 2021-08-02 00:35:10

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    Chelsea冲750

    对书的那部分进行commend?
    impressive就是commend
    0 0 回复 2019-08-08 19:05:27
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      Chelsea冲750回复Chelsea冲750

      commend 推荐,称赞。理解错了题目意思。

      0 0 回复 2019-08-08 19:06:27

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    Chelsea冲750

    定位最后一句 好不容易做对了点错选项了啊阿啊
    0 0 回复 2019-08-08 18:51:04
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      Chelsea冲750回复Chelsea冲750

      看错了emmm

      0 0 回复 2019-08-08 18:57:54

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    Emma_

    B怎么排?
    0 0 回复 2019-05-12 15:37:26
    • 评论用户头像

      Emma_回复Emma_

      明白了

      0 0 回复 2019-05-12 15:40:10

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    joyye

    定位到his argument is impressive when he applies the Marxist concept of “de-skilling”
    0 0 回复 2018-10-05 16:20:09
  • 用户头像
    lizzieZ

    impressive
    0 0 回复 2018-05-29 19:38:05
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