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【OG20-P796-815题】

Technically, “quicksand " is the term for sand that is so saturated with water as to acquire a liquid’s character.

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暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 Lilyyeah 更新于2018-09-06 17:00:15 感谢由 Lilyyeah 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
主干是流沙是一种沙子的术语,啥术语呢?后面解释内容,用that更明确。然后一个so ..that以致于表达出沙子因为太饱满,而使它具有了一种液体的属性,A不选,so as to用法不对,应该是so that搭配。
C项enough位置错误,应该修饰saturated的。,to do表目的逻辑错,不是去获得一种液体属性。
D项so as to连在一起用表目的,表为了,相当于in order to意思。so...as to:这种用法as to后面一般表示一种状态,加be动词或系动词更好。
E项同理 so much 位置错,应该放在saturated后面,as to 错误,排除D,E。
当前版本由 你家对门张大爷 更新于2018-08-16 00:02:27 感谢由 你家对门张大爷 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

Let's start by looking at the differences in the options:

1. that is so saturated / saturated enough
2. acquires / to acquire
3. character / characteristics

Verb tenses are often an easy place to start narrowing down options, so definitely let's start by tackling #2 on our list: acquires vs. to acquire.

When we use the to+verb combination, it implies intention. This means that when we say the sand wants "to acquire" the characteristics of water, it is a thinking, breathing, intentional being that chooses to go out and get the characteristics of water. We know that sand isn't a living thing that has intentions of its own. Therefore, it isn't appropriate to say "to acquire." Here are some examples:

I want to acquire the rights to that song for my movie. = CORRECT (I'm a person with thoughts and intentions, so it's okay.)

The chair is so short as to acquire the perfect balance for short children. = WRONG (A chair can't want "to acquire" balance from somewhere - it's either balanced or it's not. The chair can't decide for itself what it wants to be!)

The school acquires new students every fall. = CORRECT (Just saying "acquires" doesn't imply intention is involved. It just happens, so it's okay.)

Now, let's use that understanding and we'll be able to decimate the incorrect options. Check it out:


(A) that is so saturated with water as to acquire a liquid's character

(B) that is so saturated with water that it acquires the character of a liquid

(C) that is saturated with water enough to acquire liquid characteristics

(D) saturated enough with water so as to acquire the character of a liquid

(E) saturated with water so much as to acquire a liquid character


There we have it. The only answer that doesn't imply that sand or quicksand "chooses" to take on the characteristics of a liquid is answer B.

从外国网站搜到的清奇角度 仅供参考


题目讨论 15条评论)

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    213366e

    So … as to 的用法
    0 0 回复 2020-03-22 16:12:35
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    yangyangyang

    来自于cd herl sc 改错一书:
    to do  强调只进行一次的动作
    定语从句/v-ing  强调事件或者基本事实
    0 0 回复 2020-02-19 05:01:23
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      yangyangyang回复yangyangyang

      比如 farmers complied with a law to require that ... (逻辑主语是require) farmers complied with a law requiring that...(逻辑主语是a law) 农民服从的应该是某条法律,而不是某种行为或动作

      0 0 回复 2020-02-19 05:14:24

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    ;svkdnvl

    1、so as to 表示事物的某种状态;2、so...that表示事物的某个性质;3、X enough to Y ,表示X是衡量是否达到Y的标准。在这里,饱和是沙子获得水的性质。
    0 0 回复 2020-02-04 11:34:32
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    Diet

    OG20-SC791正确选项就是so...as to...搭配。
    原句:Often major economic shifts are so gradual as to be indistinguishable at first from ordinary fluctuations in the financial markets.
    它的主语major economic shifts 也不是生命体,这里也用了to do,所以大家都说这题沙子是一种没有生命的东西,不能用to do,并没有有说服力。
    0 0 回复 2019-10-14 08:09:09
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      GMAT必定上700回复Diet

      Ron的分析 "so...as to..." in general, you don't use so ADJ as to VERB unless the VERB describes some sort of state/condition. (i.e., if the verb is an action verb, this construction generally isn't used.) e.g. I am so ugly as to be viscerally repulsive to women. --> this works, because the verb“to be" describes a state/condition. I am so ugly as to repel women on sight. --> you generally wouldn't see this in good writing, as "repel" is an action verb; the sentence would probably be written as I am so ugly that I repel women on sight.

      4 0 回复 2019-10-20 16:19:50

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    windyy

    b里so  that 后面的IT有必要吗?
    0 0 回复 2019-10-12 20:39:52
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    Nighting

    so as to 谨慎选择。不是唯一的考点。
    0 0 回复 2019-10-07 12:58:03
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    LeonYu

    1.so as to是一个正确得不能再正确的用法,Prep不止出现过一道正确答案含有so as to的题目。 2.来源于GMATclub的解释:当我们说to do的时候,是表达一种意图。然而,沙子是一种没有生命的东西,它没有自己主观的意图,因此用这里so as to不对。 I want to acquire the rights to that song for my movie. = CORRECT (I'm a person with thoughts and intentions, so it's okay.) The chair is so short as to acquire the perfect balance for short children. = WRONG (A chair can't want "to acquire" balance from somewhere - it's either balanced or it's not. The chair can't decide for itself what it wants to be!)
    0 0 回复 2019-07-14 18:11:40
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    孙笑川

    1.so as to是一个正确得不能再正确的用法,Prep不止出现过一道正确答案含有so as to的题目。
    2.来源于GMATclub的解释:当我们说to do的时候,是表达一种意图。然而,沙子是一种没有生命的东西,它没有自己主观的意图,因此用这里so as to不对。
    
    I want to acquire the rights to that song for my movie. = CORRECT (I'm a person with thoughts and intentions, so it's okay.)
    
    The chair is so short as to acquire the perfect balance for short children. = WRONG (A chair can't want "to acquire" balance from somewhere - it's either balanced or it's not. The chair can't decide for itself what it wants to be!)
    1 0 回复 2019-04-06 17:47:12
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    阿星啊阿星

    曼哈顿上说对于so... as to 需要保持谨慎:the GMAT has an inconsistent position on this idiom. The Official Guide for GMAT Review claims that this idiom is incorrect with no further explanation. however, a problem in GMATprep has this idiom in a correct answer choice. other authorities consider this idiom correct, and we agree. never the less, you should be wary of its use.
    prep08上面那道题的正确句子是:Often major economic shifts are so gradual as to be indistinguishable at first from ordinary fluctuations in the financial markets.  其中易错选的选项是so gradual that they are unable to be distinguished, 虽然这个错误选项中用的是被普遍接受的so...that...但这个选项有个致命的问题在于 be unable to be done存在逻辑错误,unable 说的是一个主观上的能力范围,不应该使用被动,试想,你怎么做到有能力被怎么样,应该是有能力去主动做某件事。所以在选项没有其他错误的情况下依旧优选so that, 如果其他选项排除完了只有so as to也是可以选择的
    0 0 回复 2019-03-19 09:52:01
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    220

    that省略,idioms和不定式问题!!!
    that 不能省略,排除DE;
    so X as to Y 和 so X that Y : 1. 前者Y对于主语来说是正确的;后者Y是主语实际发出来的动作;     2. 若主从句的主语不同,偏向用so that
    so as to 和 enough to :前者表示一个事物的极端本质;后者表示达到一个门槛,但不极端; 并且enough to不能和so that 连用,所以排除D;
    根据语义,quicksand已经拥有了液体的性质,而不是去获得液体的性质;所以排除AC;
    A最主要的错误是to do 不定式表达目的,但是语义不是去获得这个性质,而是已经有了这个性质


    以上解析来自beatthegamt, gmatclub 以及ron在Manhattanprep对于so as to, so that, enough to 解释的总结

    1 0 回复 2019-03-02 13:40:50
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      一碗咖喱饭回复220

      棒极了

      0 0 回复 2019-09-21 20:25:47

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    xixi冲鸭

    so as to prep08有正确的句子!!!!大家别想当然误导啦
    0 0 回复 2019-01-20 23:46:48
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    蓝莓提子

    to do代表个人意愿,物体没有
    0 0 回复 2019-01-16 15:51:06
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    Weibo750

    OG上没提到这个角度。D the words so as make this option a poor choice. In the case of option D, if we cut out "so as" and write "quicksand" is the term for sand saturated enough to acquire the character of a liquid, then our statements would be much more IMPROVED.  还是以OG为准吧。
    0 0 回复 2018-12-03 20:24:20
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      Chloeuw回复Weibo750

      相当于so as是赘余吗。。

      0 0 回复 2019-03-21 09:34:28

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      245012gya回复 Chloeuw

      仅仅在D中哦

      0 0 回复 2019-09-30 15:48:49

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    Richard1996

    嗯 对  还考察了 to do 和 从句 的区别    水 与获得特征 无关  不能说有水就能获得特征
    0 0 回复 2018-11-30 14:27:31
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      Richard1996回复Richard1996

      这是 它 本身就有的特征

      0 0 回复 2018-11-30 14:42:50

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    奈凉狐狸

    为什么大家都在讨论so that和so as to呀,C的enough to句式在语法上错在哪里了呢。。
    0 0 回复 2018-11-13 21:44:13
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      孙笑川回复奈凉狐狸

      C选项的意思是渗透了足够的水 足够到拥有水的特征 也就是说渗透到水才能拥有水的特征 而原文的意思是这种沙子已经拥有水的特征 加上enough就间接的给“沙子拥有水的特征”加上了一个条件 因此不选 不能只看语法 一定要看语意

      0 0 回复 2018-11-17 15:22:20

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      AUCHUI回复奈凉狐狸

      enough想要去修饰名词water的话 必须在他前面。

      0 0 回复 2018-12-18 15:13:26

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      dGee回复奈凉狐狸

      因为修饰对象错了,这里enough应该修饰saturated

      0 0 回复 2019-08-28 19:34:22

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