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句子改错SC-17895 【难度:680-700】 Time Cost
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Statisticians studying the health effects of uranium mining on Navajo communities have found others besides miners and millworkers to be affected; birth defects, children’s cancer, and altered birth ratios of males and females are much higher in mining than in non-mining communities.

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  • 分析B选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析C选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析D选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析E选项 分析选校图标
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暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 贾思敏 更新于2021-10-12 15:21:12 感谢由 贾思敏 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
考点:修饰+逻辑
A. birth defects, children’s cancer...are much higher,讲的不是人话,主谓修饰搭配不符合逻辑,排。
B. birth defects, cancer among children...are much higer,主谓修饰搭配不符合逻辑,排。
C. birth defects, cancer among children, and altered birth ratios of males and females里面的defects,cancer和ratios能发出occur much more frequently这个谓语动作,这个谓语动作能够去修饰和搭配这三个名词短语,语义上也符合逻辑,正确。
D. defects, children’s cancer和are much higher搭配不符合逻辑,排。
E. 原句altered birth ratios of males and females这个名词短语的逻辑语义重心是birth ratios,但E选项是altered male and female ratios at birth,逻辑语义重心变成了male and female,逻辑语义重心改变了,C更优。

题目讨论 (10条评论)

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    384904fjoo

    Ratio为什么可以更多发生啊。。。
    0 0 回复 2022-09-06 17:10:04
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      一小坨乌龟子回复384904fjoo

      是啊,ratio为啥可以更频繁的发生啊。。

      0 0 回复 2022-09-28 15:39:36

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    wordy要你吗

    (A) Incorrect. For the reasons mentioned above.
    
    (B) Incorrect. Has the first error of the original sentence. Besides, “male
    and female ratios” is non-sensical since we don’t have male ratios and female
    ratios. We have “ratios of males and females”. In addition, “ratios at birth”
    means that we are calculating the ratios at the time of birth. Birth of whom?
    No idea!
    
    (C) Correct. 
    
    (D) Incorrect. Repeats both the errors of the original sentence.
    
    (E) Incorrect. The word ‘frequently’ needs to come after ‘much more’ since we are comparing the frequency of these three problems. Saying “cancer occurs much more in X than in Y” or “altered ratios occur much more in X than in Y” doesn’t make sense.
    0 0 回复 2022-07-21 16:56:41
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    wordy要你吗

    (A) Incorrect. For the reasons mentioned above.
    
    (B) Incorrect. Has the first error of the original sentence. Besides, “male
    and female ratios” is non-sensical since we don’t have male ratios and female
    ratios. We have “ratios of males and females”. In addition, “ratios at birth”
    means that we are calculating the ratios at the time of birth. Birth of whom?
    No idea!
    
    (C) Correct. 
    
    (D) Incorrect. Repeats both the errors of the original sentence.
    
    (E) Incorrect. The word ‘frequently’ needs to come after ‘much more’ since we are comparing the frequency of these three problems. Saying “cancer occurs much more in X than in Y” or “altered ratios occur much more in X than in Y” doesn’t make sense.
    1 0 回复 2022-07-21 16:56:13
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      wordy要你吗回复wordy要你吗

      对于E:Note: When we have an opening modifier that is a verb-ed or verb-ing modifier, that modifier will associate directly with the subject and must make logical sense. The structural change here in Choice E uses the prepositional phrase “In addition to.” Prepositional phrases used as opening modifiers modify the entire clause that follows and not simply the subject. This structural change utilizes the proper tool of grammar to communicate the meaning 详见https://e-gmat.com/blogs/added-to-the-increase-in-hourly-wages-requested/#0-1-question-sc0156101-added-to-the-increase-in-hourly-wages-requested%E2%80%A6

      0 0 回复 2022-07-21 18:23:24

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    小良冠二郎

    The use of the predicate higher is appropriate when applied to rates of illness. However, it is not appropriate when applied to medical conditions.
    The meaning of altered male and female ratios is unclear, as opposed to altered birth ratios of males and females.
    0 0 回复 2022-05-18 17:55:42
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    194279xfone

    B E排除的原因:A and B ratio用詞不夠精準,是指A&B ration還是A ratio and B ratio?改為 ratio of A and B就一目瞭然,平行無歧義
    A B排除的原因:cancer among children會比Children's cancer更好
    邏輯語意:這些抽象名詞不應該是"更高"而是"發生的更頻繁",C選項的邏輯語意最好。
    1 0 回复 2022-04-22 16:39:03
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    ZRobot

    123
    0 0 回复 2021-11-11 10:39:52
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    anina

    个人的理解:
    首先根据前面未划线部分可以确定三个平行部分都是名词 defect,cancer和ratio
    然后根据句末不同的谓语部分判断主语和谓语的适配程度
    ABD 主语谓语配对非常不合理:cancer are much higher,这讲的就不是人话,应该是cancer rates are much higher或者其他的说法
    剩下CE ,考点是修饰语问题
    句子想要强调的重点在于birth ratios 而不是用来修饰birth ratios的 male 和female,所以排除E选择C
    虽然C看上去也不是完美的平行,但是是这五个选项里相对比较好的了
    1 0 回复 2021-09-04 16:52:47
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    鸡鸡沙西米

    Statisticians have been studying the frequencies of various health outcomes in uranium mining areas in Navajo communities. They have found that certain kinds of bad outcomes occur much more frequently in mining communities than in non-mining communities. We need to pick the answer choice that best expresses this finding. The use of the predicate higher is appropriate when applied to rates of illness. However, it is not appropriate when applied to medical conditions (except as an informal shorthand), e.g., a claim that birth defects . . . are much higher. That is, it is unclear what a higher birth defect might specify. The meaning of altered male and female ratios is unclear, as opposed to altered birth ratios of males and females. In this choice, the statement altered birth ratios . . . are much higher is unclear. In this choice, the statement altered . . . ratios at birth are much higher is unclear. Correct. The idea of the sentence is expressed clearly and the phrase occur much more frequently clearly specifies altered birth ratios. In this choice, it is unclear what is higher: it could be birth ratios of males and females, children's cancer, or both. In this choice, the modifier at birth implies, nonsensically, that the ratios were altered at the time of birth. Furthermore, male and female ratios implies that the ratios themselves are of male or female gender. The correct answer is C.
    1 0 回复 2020-10-28 12:14:59
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    lgw57340

    修饰语最好紧跟着要修饰的成分
    2 0 回复 2019-11-20 19:10:46
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    HAHAHA1998

    The use of the predicate higher is appropriate when applied to rates of illness. However, it is not appropriate when applied to medical conditions. 
    The meaning of altered male and female ratios is unclear, as opposed to altered birth ratios of males and females.
    0 0 回复 2019-10-20 11:42:30
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