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句子改错SC-17896 【难度:650-680】 Time Cost
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Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

  • 分析A选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析B选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析C选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析D选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析E选项 分析选校图标
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暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 贾思敏 更新于2021-10-12 15:20:15 感谢由 贾思敏 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
考点:修饰(逻辑主语是否能发出句首短语的动作,回顾方法课关于修饰的考点)+逻辑
A. the railroad employees不能被add to the increase in hourly wages,你品品员工被加进要求的时薪上涨这个请求里,逻辑上不符,排。
B. 同A, the employees不能被add to the increase,排。
C. added to the increase就近修饰benefits,铁路工人正在寻求退休福利计划方案,这个方案在last July被加入了时薪上涨的请求,逻辑上也很奇怪,一个是正在进行时,另一个是已经发生了,你品品,逻辑语义不合理,排。
D. 换成了In addition to做状语,这时就不是修饰主句的主语了,而是修饰主句谓语动词,就是说铁路工人除了last July提出时薪上涨外,也正在寻求退休福利计划,这样逻辑就讲的通。但D选项,that were requested就近修饰hourly wages,(跳跃修饰没那么好)逻辑上应该是要求工资上涨increase,而不是要求工资wages,所以D排除。
E. ①In addition to做状语,修饰主句谓语动词,正确
② requested可以修饰到increase,比D的表达更简洁更优

题目讨论 (11条评论)

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    167962u

    requested不是不可以跳跃修饰到increase的错误,如果前面不存在歧义,这样的跳跃修饰也是可以接受的,但是requested前面是were,修饰复数先行词,那么就会修饰到wages而不是increase,而要求的内容从逻辑上来讲肯定是涨薪,不能只修饰wages
    0 0 回复 2022-10-21 23:52:56
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    wordy要你吗

    (A) Incorrect. For the reason mentioned above.
    
    (B) Incorrect. This option has the same error as option A has. In addition, the use of past perfect tense ‘had been requested’ is not correct since there is no other past event.
    
    (C) Incorrect.
    
    There are two errors in this option:
    
    The structure of this sentence is: The employees are now seeking x added to y. The only sense this construction makes is that the employees are demanding that x be added to y. (Not that they be given x in addition to y). A correct way to frame this sentence is: the employees are now seeking x, in addition to y. 
    The plural verb “were” is incorrect for the singular subject “increase”. If you think ‘that’ refers to ‘hourly wages’, you are not seeing the illogical meaning such reference would lead to. Such a reference would mean that the employees requested hourly wages last July. Were they not getting hourly wages before that? Were they working for free till then?
    (D) Incorrect. This option repeats the second error of option C.
    
    (E) Correct.
    0 0 回复 2022-07-21 17:02:38
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    wordy要你吗

    (A) Incorrect. For the reason mentioned above.
    
    (B) Incorrect. This option has the same error as option A has. In addition, the use of past perfect tense ‘had been requested’ is not correct since there is no other past event.
    
    (C) Incorrect.
    
    There are two errors in this option:
    
    The structure of this sentence is: The employees are now seeking x added to y. The only sense this construction makes is that the employees are demanding that x be added to y. (Not that they be given x in addition to y). A correct way to frame this sentence is: the employees are now seeking x, in addition to y. 
    The plural verb “were” is incorrect for the singular subject “increase”. If you think ‘that’ refers to ‘hourly wages’, you are not seeing the illogical meaning such reference would lead to. Such a reference would mean that the employees requested hourly wages last July. Were they not getting hourly wages before that? Were they working for free till then?
    (D) Incorrect. This option repeats the second error of option C.
    
    (E) Correct.
    0 0 回复 2022-07-21 17:02:22
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      wordy要你吗回复wordy要你吗

      对于E:Note: When we have an opening modifier that is a verb-ed or verb-ing modifier, that modifier will associate directly with the subject and must make logical sense. The structural change here in Choice E uses the prepositional phrase “In addition to.” Prepositional phrases used as opening modifiers modify the entire clause that follows and not simply the subject. This structural change utilizes the proper tool of grammar to communicate the meaning 详见https://e-gmat.com/blogs/added-to-the-increase-in-hourly-wages-requested/#0-1-question-sc0156101-added-to-the-increase-in-hourly-wages-requested%E2%80%A6

      0 0 回复 2022-07-21 18:24:16

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      wordy要你吗回复wordy要你吗

      Choice C: The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July. Meaning Distortion: Notice how the meaning is slightly distorted in this choice. This option communicates that the expanded retirement benefits are added to the increase in wages. The two actions seem to have been combined into one in this choice. This option changes the meaning because the two requests were separate actions. Subject-Verb Error: Note the singular subject “increase” and the plural verb “were.” This SV pair does not agree in number. Now, if you were thinking that the use of “that” as a relative pronoun modifier was referring to “wages” and thus “that” took the verb “were,” ask yourself, “does this make sense?” Were the wages requested? No, I am pretty sure the employees were already getting paid. They asked for an increase.

      1 0 回复 2022-07-21 18:29:37

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    212443lmby

    D that修饰wages,但是要求的是时薪的增加,而非时薪,所以错误
    0 0 回复 2022-07-21 11:33:49
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    180687pkqh

    added不能修饰employees,排AB。
    the increase in hourly wages that were requested,be requested的主体是the increase in hourly wages,不是wages,应该为was requested,排CD。
    0 0 回复 2022-06-14 11:16:42
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    小良冠二郎

    As it stands it implies that the employees were the ones who were added to the increase in monthly wages. That means choices A and B are incorrect. Choice C has an obvious grammatical mistake in it. ‘Increase’ is singular so it should be ‘the increase in wages was discussed’. Choice D has the same error. Choice E is the correct answer.
    1 0 回复 2022-05-18 17:35:12
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    256520bwvy

    requested不可以跳跃修饰到increase
    1 0 回复 2021-12-20 02:31:09
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    455971m

    A 为何不对?
    0 0 回复 2021-09-21 12:58:28
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      贾思敏回复455971m

      employees不能被add to the increase in hourly wages requested last July。句首短语与逻辑主语搭配不当

      0 0 回复 2021-09-25 23:14:37

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    全智贤

    A怎么不对了
    0 0 回复 2021-09-07 23:14:32
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    啊哈不是啊哈哈

    that引导的定语从句谓语动词是were,暗示修饰的是wages,其实required的是increase,修饰错人了
    0 0 回复 2021-08-04 10:43:10
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    374729so

    WHY not D???
    0 0 回复 2019-10-21 09:54:38
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      1253958dyg回复374729so

      the increase of wages, increase是定语从句的主语(而不是wages),后面的动词应该用was而不是were。语义上是要求涨薪而不是要求工资。

      1 1 回复 2019-10-26 22:43:50

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      jq123回复374729so

      限定性定语定语从句直接修饰先行词,that修饰wages而不是increase

      0 2 回复 2019-12-13 09:36:44

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      一次就好plushhhh回复374729so

      that修饰increase, 用was

      1 1 回复 2020-01-03 00:10:10

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