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阅读RC-18026 (第7/7题) Time Cost00:00
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There are two theories that have been used to explain ancient and modern tragedy. Neither quite explains the complexity of the tragic process or the tragic hero, but each explains important elements of tragedy, and, because their conclusions are contradictory, they represent extreme views. The first theory states that all tragedy exhibits the workings of external fate. Of course, the overwhelming majority of tragedies do leave us with a sense of the supremacy of impersonal power and of the limitation of human effort. But this theory of tragedy is an oversimplification, primarily because it confuses the tragic condition with the tragic process: the theory does not acknowledge that fate, in a tragedy, normally becomes external to the hero only after the tragic process has been set in motion. Fate, as conceived in ancient Greek tragedy, is the internal balancing condition of life. It appears as external only after it has been violated, just as justice is an internal quality of an honest person, but the external antagonist of the criminal. Secondarily, this theory of tragedy does not distinguish tragedy from irony. Irony does not need an exceptional central figure: as a rule, the more ignoble the hero the sharper the irony, when irony alone is the objective. It is heroism that creates the splendor and exhilaration that is unique to tragedy. The tragic hero normally has an extraordinary, often a nearly divine, destiny almost within grasp, and the glory of that original destiny never quite fades out of the tragedy. The second theory of tragedy states that the act that sets the tragic process in motion must be primarily a violation of moral law, whether human or divine; in short, that the tragic hero must have a flaw that has an essential connection with sin. Again it is true that the great majority of tragic heroes do possess hubris, or a proud and passionate mind that seems to make the hero’s downfall morally explicable. But such hubris is only the precipitating agent of catastrophe, just as in comedy the cause of the happy ending is usually some act of humility, often performed by a noble character who is meanly disguised.

In the author’s opinion, an act of humility in comedy is most analogous to

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当前版本由 216505pr 更新于2021-11-03 09:38:51 感谢由 216505pr 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
Again it is true that the great majority of tragic heroes do possess hubris, or a proud and passionate mind that seems to make the hero’s downfall morally explicable. But such hubris is only the precipitating agent of catastrophe, just as in comedy the cause of the happy ending is usually some act of humility, often performed by a noble character who is meanly disguised.定位到这一段,第一句说悲剧英雄会傲慢,第二句说傲慢是灾难的导火索,正如在喜剧中,幸福结局的起因通常是某种谦逊的行为。所以谦逊的行为对标的就是傲慢,几乎是原词

题目讨论 (3条评论)

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    312303ssybh

    the great majority of tragic heroes do possess hubris, or a proud and passionate mind that seems to make the hero’s downfall 定位句,proud and passionate mind意味着hero's 的pride和passion
    0 0 回复 2021-11-02 20:19:39
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    贾思敏

    题干:作者视角下,an act of humility in comedy是类似于以下哪个选项?//
    我草我在C和E中纠结//这么看来,E选项里面的an unusual destiny就是我脑补的成分,又又脑补!有毒麻蛋!//定位: But such hubris is only the precipitating agent of catastrophe, just as in comedy the cause of the happy ending is usually some act of humility, often performed by a noble character who is meanly disguised./ 积累一下:hubris 骄傲自大,尼玛就是单词不懂呗,核心就是just as前面那一部分,就是说such hubris是悲剧灾难的来源,而such hubris又是谁发出来的?再看前面那一句Again it is true that the great majority of tragic heroes do possess hubris,....明白了,就是tragic hero的hubris骄傲自大是tragedy的来源,而hubris就是pride and passion同义转换!!!
    1 0 回复 2021-10-09 15:31:15
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    720哈哈哈

    定位文章最后一句But such hubris is only the precipitating agent of catastrophe, just as in comedy the cause of the happy ending is usually some act of humility, often performed by a noble character who is meanly disguised.
    由Again it is true that the great majority of tragic heroes do possess hubris, or a proud and passionate mind that seems to make the hero’s downfall morally explicable.可以同义替换出hubris是骄傲自大的意思,就很容易得出答案了。
    这道题是考察细节和文章中同义替换的能力。
    1 1 回复 2019-11-06 15:11:34
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