In 1979 lack of rain reduced India’s rice production to about 41 million tons, nearly 25 percent less than those of the 1978 harvest.
A. those of指代多余，选项中已提及产量的内容（harvest）当前版本由 01**** 更新于2015-10-27 21:12:18 感谢由 01**** 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
rice production是单数，且是不可数名词，故原题应该是： less than that of the 1978 harvest，或者是 less than the 1978 harvest。less than 修饰不可数名词。
比较的是rice production ，不可数，用less；A的those无所指代，又不能less than一个年份，所以B
i'll simplify this a bit. if you are using NUMBERS AND UNITS to represent a CONTINUOUS MEASUREMENT, then you ALWAYS use UNCOUNTABLE constructions with "THAN". so, for instance, you would ALWAYS write "less than X feet" to represent a height, and you would [/b]ALWAYS write "less than X miles" to represent a highway distance[/b]. the only exception here is when you're tagging an adjective DIRECTLY ONTO the noun (i.e., no "than"). then, in that case, you have to use "fewer" with anything that's a plural. so, for instance, "i drove fewer miles last year than my brother did" is correct. -- where it gets hairy - and what stacey was trying to explain above - is in the case of NON-CONTINUOUS quantities, such as words. in this case, you have to decide what you're trying to EMPHASIZE. if you're trying to emphasize the COLLECTIVE AMOUNT OF STUFF, then you use the UNCOUNTABLE. the length of this paper should be less than 1000 words. --> correct, since the length of the WHOLE PAPER is a single collective; i.e., the emphasis is not on the individual words. if you're trying to emphasize the INDIVIDUAL UNITS, then you use the COUNTABLE. the gorilla has a vocabulary of fewer than 30 words. --> correct, since the emphasis is on the individual words that make up the vocabulary. this last distinction is subtle enough that i doubt it will ever form the basis of an actual official problem.
In b we are correctly comparing the production in 1979 to the harvest in 1978. If we say less than that of the 1978 harvest, then that doesn't seem to stand for anything. E would be be clearer than the other wrong answer choices, but still not as clear as B.
0 0 回复 2018-10-02 15:20:31
0 0 回复 2019-10-01 13:53:14
OG的解释： A. redundant word choice,这里可以用those，指的是tons (of the 1978 harvest),harvest用tons为单位显而易见，所以用词太冗余。 C.产量不能vs时间 D.fewer不对，此处less来修饰不可数名词production E.fewer不对；这里可以用that，指的是the rice production of India's 1978 harvest，这种修饰是redundant的。 看了解析需要注意，that of和those of都可以的，不是错误的点，只是表达的过于复杂才错的。
CD 比较了1978，对象不对 E that指代不清，应该是those A less 和those矛盾 B production和harvest比较
0 0 回复 2018-01-30 13:04:51
tips： 接可数：manyfewnumerous.. 接不可数：muchlesslittleamount... 破题点1--production不可数，所以用less，排除d,e 破题点2--than比较左右不平行，不能与单纯的年份做比较，排除c 破题点3--代词的单复数，that和those指代先行词的new copy, production 是不可数名词，不能用those指代，排除a 答案：b
few的用法，接可数名词；little接不可数；笔记：less than 修饰不可数