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The Anasazi settlements at Chaco Canyon were built on a spectacular scale with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each, were connected by a complex regional system of roads.

  • 分析A选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析B选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析C选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析D选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析E选项 分析选校图标
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当前版本由 362622nxrv 更新于2021-11-26 13:35:24 感谢由 362622nxrv 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
From 语法笔记
A: 划线的 were 作为谓语和划线部分之前的谓语 were 重复,应该去掉或者用连词 and 连接;
B: 正确,of up to 600 rooms each 作为插入语修饰 structures,connected 分词跳过插入语修饰前面
最邻近的名词 structures;
C: 将 with 改变成 of 后,介词的修饰对象发生改变;将插入语变成句子一部分后,each 同位语修饰
的对象也发生改变,变成了修饰最邻近的 rooms 而不是 structures,rooms 被马路连接不符合题目原
意和逻辑表达;each 同位语从句用过去完成时同样没有必要;
D: 按 D 答案给出的句意,with each 和 on a spectacular scale 平行,但 each connected by 改变了
原文的句意,原文没有表达出每一个都被连接的意义;
E: 如果 each 做代词指代主语应该在 each 前面加上连词 and,E 答案中 each 后面是完整句子但没
有连词进行连接;had been 过去完成时没有必要。

句子结构:Anasazi settlements were built… with ….structures (of …) connected by…
插入成分of up to 600 rooms each,each指代structure,表示每个structure有600个房间,connected
修饰对象也为structures.

正确的句子应该表达清楚以下三个意思:
1) The Anasazi settlement建筑规模很大,有75栋建筑
2) 每栋建筑有600个房间
3) 这些建筑由复杂的地域交通道路所连接
当前版本由 lgw57340 更新于2021-11-26 13:35:51 感谢由 lgw57340 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
ron的解释
choice a is a run-on - it tries to have two main verbs without using any sort of subordinating element. if you take out modifiers, adjectives, etc., you're left with the following: the settlements were built with structures were connected. that's bad.

choice b is correct: it uses a nonessential modifier set off by commas ('of up to 600 rooms each'), which, if eliminated, yields the intact and legitimate sentence ...carefully engineered structures, connected by... (with another nonessential modifier).

choice c:
- 'scale of' doesn't make sense
- you can't say 'each that had...' (can't follow 'each' with a relative pronoun - if you're going to use a relative pronoun, it has to come directly after the thing it's trying to modify)
- no justification for using the past perfect ('had been') - that verb, if there's a verb there at all, should be in the simple past (the same tense as everything else in the sentence, because everything described in the sentence is contemporaneous)
- it doesn't make sense to use 'each' AFTER the comma, because it's not true that each structure was connected with a road system. instead, the road system connected all of the structures with each other, which is nowhere close to the same thing. (having 'each' BEFORE the comma makes sense, because it's actually true that each of the structures comprised up to 600 rooms.)
analogy:
the USA comprises 50 states, each of which is united by a federal government --> wrong (the implication is that each state has its own federal government)
the USA comprises 50 states, all of which are united by a federal government --> correct
the USA comprises 50 states, (all) united by a federal government --> correct, whether you have 'all' or not

choice d:
- 'scale of' doesn't make sense
- the use of AND sets up ostensible parallelism, but the two structures given aren't parallel (one starts with of and the other with with)

choice e is also a run-on sentence (you'll see this if you reduce it to its 'skeleton', a la choice a)

题目讨论 (27条评论)

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    680461elv

    别看错啦!E选项后面不是独立主格结构!
    0 0 回复 2022-06-15 15:03:07
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    hyf1367

    这题的主句,如果是:“避难点建在75个结构的宏伟规模下”,本身就有问题。
    应该是:”建在宏伟规模下“,然后with伴随,”75结构, 每个结构600房间,每个结构互相连接“,这就是为什么”每个结构600房间“变成了插入语,因为connect跟着structures。
    1 0 回复 2022-06-01 16:55:12
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    160385d

    我与解析的看法不同,each修饰的是rooms没错,但是each怎么可能跟后面的短语形成独立主格,connected应该也是修饰rooms
    0 0 回复 2021-04-04 18:46:04
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    卢12345

    scale和with之间有没有逗号呀,怎么有的版本里有,有的版本里没有
    0 0 回复 2020-08-20 00:05:51
    • 评论用户头像

      740冲鸭!!!回复卢12345

      google了一下,应该是没有逗号的

      0 0 回复 2020-08-26 18:07:38

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    Junwei

    除了on a scale of以外,一般都是scale with
    1 0 回复 2019-11-15 01:26:47
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    196030vgr

    怎么回事?是选项不完整还是划线错了?
    0 0 回复 2019-09-23 22:50:07
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    亲亲的清清HQQ

    这道题的划线错了吧?划到了scale
    0 0 回复 2019-09-23 13:39:09
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    DG

    查科峡谷(chaco canyon)的阿纳萨齐(anasazi)定居点建在一个壮观的建筑上,有75多个精心设计的结构,每个结构多达600个房间,由复杂的区域道路系统连接。
    0 0 回复 2019-09-07 06:52:59
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    唱跳rap篮球

    考点分析:句子结构+时态 
    
    选项分析:A:were built和were connected两个谓语之间缺少连词连接 
    
    B:correct,只有一个谓语,connected是修饰成分 
    
    C:had been过去完成时使用不合理,这里并没有出现过去的过去 
    
    D:and 前面并没有和with each能够平行的结构 
    
    E:过去完成时使用不合理 
    
    hints:两个谓语之间一定需要连词连接,没有特别明确的标志词不要使用过去完成时(by+过去时间点)
    0 0 回复 2019-07-19 09:21:23
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    炒肝烧鹅黄鳝粥水煎包

    settlements were built on a spectacular scale, (with ...这里不是独立主格,只是一般名词结构修饰 scale), (of ...), (connected ... 过去分词作状语)
    0 0 回复 2019-07-06 07:24:30
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    小辰君

    这里structure由600个rooms组成,而scale并不是由75个 engineered structures组成,所以应该用with...考点是独立主格“举例子说明”,而用of ...这个介词短语表达“由什么组成”。
    0 0 回复 2019-05-21 16:33:07
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    选择题都对

    这道题目最重要的split是scale, with 还是scale of
    OG说:“This sentence makes a claim about the scale (size, extent) of the Anasazi settlements and then illustrates that claim with a description of the settlements’ structures.” 先要理解句子的meaning结构,这个句子是表达观点,然后举例说明,如果这个逻辑关系没有理解,会陷入语法找错不可自拔。
    我们如何读出这个meaning呢?The Anasazi settlements at ... were built on a spectuacular scale, ... 给出大数字。后面的大数字就是具体说明这个“壮观的”概念。在读出meaning后,就可以看选项中的splits:比如scale, with (AB) 还是scale of (CDE)。
    
    OG给选项D的解释是:“This sentence suggests that the scale or size of the settlements is made up of structures, rather than uses the structures as an example of the settlements’ grand scale;” Ron给出解释时说scale of doesn't make sense,可是他始终没有解释为什么不对。OG的解释很到位。而如果仔细看句子,就会发现正确答案B用了structures, of up to 600 rooms each, ... 这里structure由600个rooms组成,而scale并不是由75个 engineered structures组成,所以应该用with...这个独立主格“举例子说明”,而用of ...这个介词短语表达“由什么组成”。
    
    
    每个选项的主要错误:
    A. 选项里面的were前面没有连词,成了run-on sentence。
    B. 正确
    C. scale of 错误,each that错误;each本身就是pronoun,而that是relative pronoun,不能同时用两个代词。别混淆each of which这种subgroup表达。
    D. scale of 错误,and  with each错误;逻辑上不能是each room由system of roads连接,应该是structure。
    E. each had been...也是一个缺少连词的run-on。同样,each指代了room,逻辑错误。
    3 0 回复 2019-05-01 23:42:24
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    选择题都对

    这道题目最重要的split是scale, with 还是scale of
    OG说:“This sentence makes a claim about the scale (size, extent) of the Anasazi settlements and then illustrates that claim with a description of the settlements’ structures.” 先要理解句子的meaning结构,这个句子是表达观点,然后举例说明,如果这个逻辑关系没有理解,会陷入语法找错不可自拔。
    我们如何读出这个meaning呢?The Anasazi settlements at ... were built on a spectuacular scale, ... 给出大数字。后面的大数字就是具体说明这个“壮观的”概念。在读出meaning后,就可以看选项中的splits:比如scale, with (AB) 还是scale of (CDE)。

    OG给选项D的解释是:“This sentence suggests that the scale or size of the settlements is made up of structures, rather than uses the structures as an example of the settlements’ grand scale;” Ron给出解释时说scale of doesn't make sense,可是他始终没有解释为什么不对。OG的解释很到位。而如果仔细看句子,就会发现正确答案B用了structures, of up to 600 rooms each, ... 这里structure由600个rooms组成,而scale并不是由75个 engineered structures组成,所以应该用with...这个独立主格“举例子说明”,而用of ...这个介词短语表达“由什么组成”。


    每个选项的主要错误:
    A. 选项里面的were前面没有连词,成了run-on sentence。
    B. 正确
    C. scale of 错误,each that错误;each本身就是pronoun,而that是relative pronoun,不能同时用两个代词。别混淆each of which这种subgroup表达。
    D. scale of 错误,and  with each错误;逻辑上不能是each room由system of roads连接,应该是structure。
    E. each had been...也是一个缺少连词的run-on。同样,each指代了room,逻辑错误。

    0 0 回复 2019-05-01 23:41:54
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    阿星啊阿星

    A 不应该有were。首先,如果were放在主句中则出现主句双谓语的错误,如果看作是with独立主格中的内容也不对,因为独立主格的结构不需要谓语,只需要名词加modifier
    0 0 回复 2019-04-15 14:41:04
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    阿萌

    'scale of' doesn't make sense. 
    as far as i know, the only acceptable usage of "a scale of" is in describing the mathematical particulars of the scale itself.
    e.g., during the tryouts, coaches rate players' athletic and cognitive abilities on a scale of 1 to 10.
    0 0 回复 2018-11-10 03:18:23
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