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【OG20-P808-874题】

Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.

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  • 分析B选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析C选项 分析选校图标
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暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 吃着香蕉开跑车 更新于2021-05-21 16:01:41 感谢由 吃着香蕉开跑车 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
选E
语义:对一项行动方针,尤其是过去行之有效的行动方针,投入过多,很可能会让一位高管错过一些初期问题的迹象,或者在它们确实出现时,对它们产生误解。
A选项,it特指,a course of action,泛指应使用one。
BC选项,语义重心错误,原句是说的过度投入会使错失signs变得可能,而BC
是说An executive会使错失signs变得可能。
D选项,make them likely句型错误,形式宾语要用it。
E选项,正确。

题目讨论 (38条评论)

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  • 用户头像

    hyf1367

    Being做主语是可以的:
    Being lost can be a terrifying experience.迷路可能是一种很可怕的经历.
    Being recognized wherever you go is the price you pay for being famous.出名所付出的代价是不管你走到哪里,都会被人认出来.
    0 0 回复 2022-05-03 13:39:58
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    421892qccze

    脑子里默念三次:being不一定错,being不一定错,being不一定错!
    being作为verb和其他verb没什么差别。being a student makes me happy!
    0 0 回复 2022-04-07 13:41:38
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    ziqi

    是过重的投入使得错过初期问题变得可能,而不是高管。。。,语句强调的东西变了。而且不要一看到being就觉得错了,要好好理解原义
    0 0 回复 2022-04-04 18:44:12
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    213885zif

    A. Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
    
    
    * "heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action" is awkward and difficult to read. (you may have to be a native speaker to pick up on this, though)
    
    much more importantly:
    * makes it likely to miss...
    this doesn't work.
    technically, this would mean that "it" - an unspecified entity - is likely to miss the signs.
    if you use the "it is ADJ..." construction, and the verb has a specific subject, you MUST include that subject in the construction. it is likely that the executive will miss...
    
    
    B. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action ... makes missing signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting ones likely when they do appear.
    
    
    i've eliminated the modifier in this sentence, simplifying its structure a bit.
    
    once that modifier is eliminated, notice that you have a sentence that says that the executive him/herself makes missing the signs likely.
    
    "misinterpreting ones" is also wrong. this should be "them", not "ones".
    0 0 回复 2021-11-08 20:58:04
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    冲他丫的

    it不对 所以BE B的语义重心变了
    0 0 回复 2021-10-27 00:05:45
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    171135gput

    executive makes missing...与原句语义不符合,要从原句正确语义出发。
    0 0 回复 2021-08-16 21:04:07
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    255839wbg

    我想知道这么详细的解析是哪里找的呀,想要这种详细解析学习
    0 0 回复 2021-04-27 09:20:37
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    mmsaltyy

    主要还是没搞清指代
    0 0 回复 2021-04-06 02:05:46
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    700冲冲冲!

    ron:
    C 'it' is ambiguous, because it could potentially refer either to 'course of action' (the intended antecedent) or to 'incipient trouble'. also note that grammatical parallelism doesn't help: both of those possible antecedents are objects of prepositions - neither is the subject of its own clause (which would thereby create parallelism with 'it', which is the subject of its clause). 
    
    E is the best choice here. i cringe a bit at the use of 'being' - my first thought is that we could make the sentence better by using a noun, such as 'commitment' - but then you'd need some sort of possessive pronoun to show that it's the executive who's committed. in any case, (e) is definitely the best of the options here, none of which is perfect by any stretch.
    1 0 回复 2021-04-05 08:56:46
    • 评论用户头像

      700冲冲冲!回复700冲冲冲!

      ron:大多数以英语为母语的人第一次阅读时,肯定无法理解这里的“it”,原因是它和它的先行词太不平行了,但非母语者会很困惑

      1 0 回复 2021-04-05 09:17:52

    • 评论用户头像

      700冲冲冲!回复700冲冲冲!

      为什么一般不用being: the question you should be asking is when you should eliminate "being". the answer to that question is, ROUGHLY, that you should avoid "being" when expressing the IDENTITY or CHARACTERISTICS of some individual or thing. this is because "being" is usually unnecessary in such cases; there are simpler modifiers (such as appositives) that, while absolutely impossible to use in spoken language, are better in written language. example: being a cigar aficionado, john has strong opinions on when to use single-guillotine cigar cutters rather than double-guillotine cutters. --> bad. a cigar aficionado, john has strong opinions on when to use single-guillotine cigar cutters rather than double-guillotine cutters. --> good. notice that we can simply omit the "being" here. you don't want to omit "being" here, because it's not expressing identity: in the context of (e), it's a necessary verbal. (nice litmus test: try omitting it and see whether the sentence is still viable, perhaps with minor modifications. here, it isn't.) so, to sum up: if "being" expresses IDENTITY or CHARACTERISTICS, then kill it. otherwise, evaluate it on the same merits as you would any other verb.

      0 0 回复 2021-04-05 09:23:10

    • 评论用户头像

      700冲冲冲!回复700冲冲冲!

      A选项: * "heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action" is awkward and difficult to read. (you may have to be a native speaker to pick up on this, though) 【it is ADJ…结构中动词要有特定的主语】 much more importantly: * makes it likely to miss... this doesn't work. technically, this would mean that "it" - an unspecified entity - is likely to miss the signs. if you use the "it is ADJ..." construction, and the verb has a specific subject, you MUST include that subject in the construction.

      0 0 回复 2021-04-05 09:36:41

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    428733rqom

    哎,一点头绪都没有
    1 0 回复 2020-11-12 09:23:18
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    1272886aklo

    B选项makes的逻辑主语不就是executive吗?不理解解析为什么说不明确
    1 1 回复 2020-10-10 15:07:14
    • 评论用户头像

      343689xgwal回复1272886aklo

      我也想说,我觉得已经很明确了啊

      1 0 回复 2020-10-28 11:07:16

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    可欣同学

    解析真透彻
    0 0 回复 2020-08-16 11:15:48
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    981978cndam

    “a course of action”无疑比“incipient trouble”举例“it”更远,因此“it”语法上不能明确地指代“a course of action”,指代不明。
    0 0 回复 2020-08-04 21:36:01
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    715007m

    可以从句子结构来解题。

    先看原文,有三句话,第一句大意是“采取行动”,第二句明显是插入语,大意是“特别当它(先不用管指代谁)在过去work well时”,第三句大意是“使之很可能 错过sign of trouble 或者  在出现的时候,误解 them(这里明显指代sign of trouble)”。


    先不管第二句的插入语,可以看出原文的逻辑思路没什么大问题,即“采取行动,很可能错过 麻烦的迹象,或者误解这个迹象”。那么下面的选项中最好优先采用原题的逻辑,不要随便改变。

    A,逻辑没问题,错误的地方 :1, by an executive,前面一般是个动作,此处是commitment,是个名词,用法不对,而且名词前面也没有冠词,有裸奔嫌疑;2,根据句意,应该是executive miss signs of trouble, 这是用的代词it不能指人,并且指代也不明;

    B,改变了原题的逻辑,将executive提到前面做主语,不优选;跳过插入语,看主干,an executive makes missing signs of...likely,显然逻辑不对,此处miss 和 misinterpret应该是executive发出的动作,这里把它变成doing,想做为动名词,没必要;

    C,改变了原题逻辑,将executive提到前面做主语,不优选;最后especially if it, it指代不明;

    D,采用的原逻辑,但是executive's being heavily 不简洁;跳过插入语,makes them llikely, them指代不明,即使想指代executive,在本结构里也指代不了;

    E,采用原逻辑,being committed  to a course of action 放在句首做主语,后面是一个插入语,紧接着是主干的系表结构,每一部分意思很明了,没有指代不清的情况。最优选。


    如果发现有代词指代不明的嫌疑,先不要过分纠结要去区分清楚,可以先从其他方面入手,看看有没有其它更硬伤的地方。如果还是判断不出来,再去具体区分代词指代。

    0 0 回复 2020-06-21 14:34:28
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    Vincent Hu

    如何肢解这道题:
    【A】错误在 makes it likely... 这句话。
    1. 首先it指代不明(读起来就会觉得很模糊)
    2. miss signs的主语应该是经理人,但没有体现
    【B】逻辑错误(经理人让自己miss signs?)
    【C】it指代不明
    【D】misinterpreting 应改为to + verb
    
    另外being的用法在这里是没有什么大问题的,都是作句子主语。即使有赘余嫌疑,也比其他错误要小
    建议想冲刺高高分的同学抛弃对being的偏见,并不是所有的being都错。choose the better one ^-^
    2 1 回复 2020-01-15 18:39:44
    • 评论用户头像

      Vincent Hu回复Vincent Hu

      杜绝花里胡哨。Do not study for GMAT, train for it.

      0 0 回复 2020-01-15 18:41:49

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