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【OG20-P809-879题】

Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated international disputes over uninhabited islands.

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  • 分析B选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析C选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析D选项 分析选校图标
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暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 感觉自己萌萌哒 更新于2015-11-06 14:32:55 感谢由 感觉自己萌萌哒 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
A “they have already stimulated……”中的“they”本意上指代“provisions”,但是按照就近原则,在语法上指代“areas”等复数名词,因此指代不明确。
C “under provisions,”修饰“sea areas”,但是本意上是主谓结构“Even tiny islets can be the basis……”的状语,逻辑修饰错误
D this 指代不清
E Because”引导了一个从句,“which”引导了一个从句,两个从句构成了这句话的全部内容,无主句,句子成分不完整
当前版本由 01**** 更新于2015-11-22 16:24:47 感谢由 01**** 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

A  代词指代:“they have already stimulated……”中的“they”本意上指代“provisions”,但“they”既不是平行指代(即代词作主语或出现在主语位置时指代其他主谓结构的主语)“provisions”,也不是就近指代之(与“they”就近的是“areas”),其语法上完全可以指代“areas”等复数名词,因此指代不明确。

B 正确

C 修饰成分:“under provisions”本意上是主谓结构“Even tiny islets can be the basis……”的状语,但由于其位于主谓结构的句尾且未与主谓结构之间并为以逗号相隔,因此其有作定语修饰“sea areas”表达“在新海上条约要求下的海域”的意思的可能,因此修饰关系并不明确。

D 代词指代:GMAT所考察的标准书面英语中,代词this、that、these、those如果单独使用(“those students”、“that of……”这样的结构就属于不单独使用),其指代不明,因为书面语不能用手去指这指那。不仅如此,代词只能指代句子中已经出现的,却与其数量形式一致的名词性结构,因此代词“this”无法按其本意指代“because”引导的原因状语从句。

E 句子结构:本选项中“Because”引导了一个从句,“which”引导了一个从句,两个从句构成了这句话的全部内容,而主句没有出现,一个句子不可能只有从句没有主句。



题目讨论 15条评论)

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    700冲冲冲!

    ron:
    choice (d) uses "this" as a standalone pronoun. that's pretty much never acceptable in a formal written sentence.
    
    if you're going to use "this", you should use it as an adjective: this thing, this finding, this statistic, etc.
    
    --
    
    also, here's some "extra credit" knowledge:
    there ARE constructions that can stand for the abstract information in an entire clause (unlike pronouns, which are limited to standing for actual nouns). chief among these are the COMMA + NOUN modifiers.
    however, the presence of "because" at the beginning of choice (d) would preclude the use of those modifiers as well.
    
    here's an example:
    studies have shown that X is 60 percent of Y, a finding that has shocked most observers.
    studies have shown that X is 60 percent of Y; this finding has shocked most observers.
    --> both correct. note that "a finding", following the comma, or "this finding", standing alone after the semicolon, stands for the entirety of the clause that comes before it; you couldn't use "which" here, because "which" would automatically refer to Y.
    
    because studies have shown that X is 60 percent of Y, this finding has shocked most observers.
    --> incorrect. the presence of "because" at the beginning of the first clause means you can't use "this finding" anymore.
    i don't have any idea what the actual rule is here, but i do know with 100% certainty that these constructions are allowed and disallowed respectively.
    0 0 回复 2021-04-08 09:40:01
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    1047789l

    B中的it是指代maritime code吗
    0 0 回复 2020-12-28 19:48:32
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    221727pxsy

    1.this等代词不能裸奔
    2.定语,under provision 的修饰主体有歧义
    3.SVO,islet can be ,stimulating 对前面补充不合适
    4.already是完成时,不能用ing
    5.they的修饰歧义
    0 0 回复 2020-08-28 11:50:54
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    571661zxzq

    B,E  有because是subordinator 连接两个句子,独立存在只是dependent clause
    C,  不能用this指代
    0 0 回复 2020-07-17 03:37:35
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    340101igzc

    我就一个问题,B选项中的"basis"难道不是名词吗?如果说B对,解释也应该是"it"行使了它最基本的用法,即指代了前一句的主语。看到前面好多人说B项里只有"code"一个名词,我这强迫症就犯......
    0 0 回复 2020-07-04 14:24:17
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    babyweezy

    因为XXcode,而不是因为XX小岛
    0 0 回复 2019-09-16 10:37:24
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    陈Sir

    D选项 this可能指代code,可能指代整件事儿,所以不够明确
    0 0 回复 2019-07-17 13:30:33
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      yejinsui回复陈Sir

      不是, 曼哈顿语法里面说了this和these都不能 作名词的代词。所以他永远不可能指代code

      0 1 回复 2019-08-03 10:57:30

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      Oaken_Sheldon回复陈Sir

      this/these 不能裸奔,就跟人一样。

      1 0 回复 2020-07-17 03:04:26

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    EscapeFromFate

    先看主语,provisions/the new maritime code/tiny islets,tiny islets改变了句子主次,所以排除CDE,AB对比,A的that provide that用法错误,指代不明,而且provisions是无法stimulate international disputes的,而new maritime code可以
    0 0 回复 2019-01-23 15:46:40
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    雷哥的司机

    C选项典型的修饰歧义,不能带着你自己认为的修饰来看这句话,正确的应该是:
    Under provisions of the new maritime code, Even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to be the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas. 这里的under provision of new maritime code作整句话的条件状语。
    2 0 回复 2018-11-24 15:52:25
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    zzagaga

    GMAT语法中,this there, here that 不能充当指示代词,单独指代某物,that只用在固定用法中才行,没实际意义
    0 0 回复 2018-10-03 11:58:52
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    JamesD

    A这么快就出来两个 that一看就不简洁排
    0 0 回复 2018-09-07 18:30:09
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    STTTS

    b选项的it不会指代不明吗?
    0 1 回复 2018-07-09 06:27:56
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      evy爱吃甜食回复STTTS

      我跟你想法一样

      0 0 回复 2018-07-23 15:04:51

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      Xxxffll回复STTTS

      单数主语只有code一个,所以不会指代不明

      1 0 回复 2018-09-14 11:23:05

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    默默

    从句主句的主语一致,再从句中,it只能指代代码
    0 0 回复 2018-05-06 10:22:40
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      默默回复默默

      GMAT语法中,this there, here that 不能充当指示代词,单独指代某物,that只用在固定用法中才行,没实际意义

      0 0 回复 2018-05-06 10:27:24

    • 评论用户头像

      默默回复默默

      CDE 不对, 要么没主语,要么没主句

      0 0 回复 2018-05-06 10:28:10

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      默默回复默默

      双重从句,they指代不明

      0 0 回复 2018-05-06 10:28:59

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    素色1997

    maritime 海事的 code法典 provide 规定 fishery 渔场 provision 规定,条款
    1 0 回复 2018-03-07 08:50:20
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    fuksurgen

    Re: Because there are provisions.....
    
    by RonPurewal Thu Jul 30, 2009 5:32 am
    
    neha.mail.verma wrote:I m stuck between B and D.
    
    
    choice (d) uses "this" as a standalone pronoun. that's pretty much never acceptable in a formal written sentence.
    
    if you're going to use "this", you should use it as an adjective: this thing, this finding, this statistic, etc.
    
    --
    
    also, here's some "extra credit" knowledge:
    there ARE constructions that can stand for the abstract information in an entire clause (unlike pronouns, which are limited to standing for actual nouns). chief among these are the COMMA + NOUN modifiers.
    however, the presence of "because" at the beginning of choice (d) would preclude the use of those modifiers as well.
    
    here's an example:
    studies have shown that X is 60 percent of Y, a finding that has shocked most observers.
    studies have shown that X is 60 percent of Y; this finding has shocked most observers.
    --> both correct. note that "a finding", following the comma, or "this finding", standing alone after the semicolon, stands for the entirety of the clause that comes before it; you couldn't use "which" here, because "which" would automatically refer to Y.
    
    because studies have shown that X is 60 percent of Y, this finding has shocked most observers.
    --> incorrect. the presence of "because" at the beginning of the first clause means you can't use "this finding" anymore.
    i don't have any idea what the actual rule is here, but i do know with 100% certainty that these constructions are allowed and disallowed respectively.
    0 0 回复 2018-01-21 15:29:28
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