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句子改错SC-8882 【难度:700-730】 Time Cost
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It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praise for its unrelenting reporting of the Watergate scandal.

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当前版本由 581130ooube 更新于2021-11-29 14:44:17 感谢由 581130ooube 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

考点:两个强调句

原句句子结构: It was...that..., and it was...that ...
原句表达逻辑语义:是在KG成为华盛顿邮报的发行人之后,华盛顿邮报攀升至了美国报纸行业第一;并且是在KG的引导下,华盛顿邮报赢得了很高的赞誉。
A. 正确
B. 没有过去式做参照,had done不成立
C. 原句要表达的是这个paper won, 这里having won变成整句话的修饰;语义改变
D. 主句无谓语
E. 原句是两件事并列,这里变成了一件事;一个修饰;改变句子重心。


题目讨论 (25条评论)

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    223699noe

    C歧义 对水门的报道是要求的内容还是表扬的原因
    0 0 回复 2021-11-20 22:12:37
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    223699noe

    after后面可以跟句子吗?
    0 0 回复 2021-11-14 17:26:39
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    170177octb

    D 缺少谓语
    0 0 回复 2021-07-25 17:28:48
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    180468gbum

    两个it is+that强调句,这中强调句的特点是去掉it is +that句子任然通顺,所以去掉两个强调句句型在看主语和动词以及时态
    0 0 回复 2020-11-05 11:41:45
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    758817p


    搬自曼哈顿论坛:

    B uses past perfect incorrectly (simple past for "it was only after" and past perfect for "it had won high praise" which comes later chronologically than when KG became publisher)

    C has a problematic pronoun (it) - logically refers to Wash Post but structurally could refer to KG or publisher.  Also, this sentence indicates that it moved into the first ranks as a result of having won high praise.  The original sentence doesn't indicate that meaning and we can't just change the meaning of the sentence.

    D is a sentence fragment - there's no verb for Wash Post, which is the ostensible subject.

    E "moving" and "becoming" indicate something that's going on right now - this should be in the past.  And "after Katherine Graham's becoming its publisher" is horrible.

    That leaves us with A (where the second "it" pronoun is fine, by the way, because both logically and structurally it refers to Wash Post).

    1 0 回复 2020-11-03 14:38:30
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    169817viq

    因为不存在因果关系,所以应当用平行。
    0 0 回复 2020-08-17 13:24:56
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    hbhbh

    B中用的是under her command it had won high praise , 过去完成时,意味着华盛顿邮局在之前就已经获得了奖项,但是题目的意思是KG这个人来了邮局之后并且在KG的带领下,邮局才获得了奖。如果有不知道的可以去看一下Ron的SC的语法课,2010年6月24日的那一期和11月18日的,都有讲到过去完成时的用法。代表的是过去的过去就已经完成了。https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/forums/katharine-graham-t2120.html C:it could refer to KG or publisher. 但应该指代邮局。 E:一般遇到xx's becoming xxx, 都很奇怪

    0 0 回复 2020-04-07 14:35:03
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    hbhbh

    A中最开始的it并无实际意义,也没有指代的含义。
    There is an EXCEPTION to the principle that a pronoun must stand for an actual noun.
    It is + adj+that
    It is +adv + that
    It is + adverb phase+that;
    It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher是做副词短语修饰后面的。所以第一个it不需要纠结。
    2 0 回复 2020-04-07 14:27:12
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    chicaicai

    这道题有点迷,并列句没错,it不是形式主语?如果是强调it,那前半句的表述怎么这么累赘鸡肋啊,如果是形式主语,勉强可以理解为分别的两个平行句子,it各自所指自己句子动作,费解,有没有高人解释一下?
    0 0 回复 2020-03-02 20:19:38
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      亮闪闪的昵称呢回复 214839m

      是形式主语,强调句强调只有在那个人成为发行商后才。。。。和只有在他的要求下才。。。。。。

      0 0 回复 2020-03-04 10:02:49

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    王王大美

    B KG's becoming publisher, 后面的her 无指代。 had won时态错
    C having won 错,改变并列关系。变成先赢得奖项
    D 无谓动
    E KG’becoming it publisher, 后面的her指代不到KG 这个人
    0 0 回复 2020-01-05 17:22:12
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    Joyce L

    (It was) only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 (that) it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, 【and】 (it was) under her command (that) the paper won high praise for its unrelenting reporting of the Watergate scandal.
    目测两个强调句平行,供参考
    1 0 回复 2019-07-25 05:15:24
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    Kath1230

    A  【It】 was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that 【it】 moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and 【it】 was under her command that the paper won high praise
    Katharine Graham's becoming选项中有这个’s becoming的都可以排除BE
    C中only after明显错误 D没有谓语动词
    0 0 回复 2019-02-11 20:34:22
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    汪二喵

    放弃,不知道三个it.和一个its分别指什么,考试我也没空想
    1 0 回复 2019-01-04 16:21:23
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    钟夫人

    the initial modifier in (e) is constructed with a present participle, "moving..." 
    if that's the case, then that implies that "moving" is contemporaneous with the main clause. it isn't, though; the modifier takes place distinctly before the action of the main clause.
    0 0 回复 2018-09-25 14:44:33
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    钟夫人

    Ron:i'm of two conflicting minds in answering this sort of question, so i'll give you both sides of the issue.
    
    1)
    in this problem, you are definitely right in a certain sense: namely, the two clauses in choice (a) are much MORE parallel than are the clauses connected by "and" in the other two choices (b) and (c). (note that the word "and" is not present at all in the last two choices.)
    
    in general, the choice in which you notice the strongest parallelism is very likely to be correct.
    i know that this might sound like a statement of the obvious, but it really isn't: it's not unreasonable to think that they might include sentences that have perfect parallelism but other grammatical errors (which would therefore be incorrect), alongside choices with slightly worse parallelism but without those fatal errors.
    if those problems were to exist, and especially if they were common, then your criterion would become a lot less reliable. empirically, however, i just haven't noticed that many of those problems -- so, at the end of the day, your criterion is probably going to be fairly reliable.
    
    still, you definitely can't use that sort of thing as an absolute criterion. keep in mind the following:
    
    2) PARALLELISM DOESN'T HAVE TO BE PERFECT -- ESPECIALLY IF THE PARALLEL STRUCTURES ARE LONG
    if you have really short parallel structures, such as prepositional phrases, infinitives, or verbs, then it's reasonable to expect those structures to be perfectly parallel.
    however, you're going to have to allow for a little bit of variation between parallel structures that are very long. for instance, if entire clauses are placed in parallel, it's unreasonable to expect that those clauses should be structured in exactly the same way. 
    if you think about the way that language is structured, you should quickly come to the conclusion that this would be unreasonable.
    
    the upshot for this particular problem is that, although the parallelism in (a) is a bit more exact than that in (b) and (c) -- note that both sentences start with "it was" -- the latter two options are NOT incorrect based on parallelism alone. in those two choices, the word "and" still connects two clauses; it just happens that those clauses are constructed with a greater difference between them than in choice (a). the reasons that they are actually INCORRECT are other errors, not parallelism, in this case.
    still, your criterion is certainly not useless -- notice that if you guessed based on it, you would get this problem correct.
    
    also, just as importantly,
    3) if a parallel structure is present in some of the choices and completely absent from other choices, you can't eliminate the choices from which it is absent!
    the reason i'm saying this is because it appears that you actually got rid of (d) and (e) simply because they didn't contain the word "and".
    if that's the case, then you got really lucky -- you can't kill a choice just because it doesn't contain a particular structure.
    for instance, check out problem #36 in the FIRST edition verbal OG supplement (the prompt begins with "what was as remarkable..."; i can't reproduce it here). in that problem, a few of the choices have issues with nonparallel verbs, but the correct answer actually doesn't include the parallel verbs at all (one of the verbs is omitted entirely). if you were to use the same sort of reasoning on that problem, you would strike out the correct answer before even checking it out.
    1 0 回复 2018-09-25 14:34:41
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