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句子改错SC-9000 【难度:700-730】 Time Cost
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In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers' performance.

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暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 hoho 更新于2017-03-10 11:06:46 感谢由 hoho 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
原句句子结构:… the Hawthorne Works of… was the scene of … experiments investigating the effects that…
原句逻辑语义:在20世纪20年代中期,西方电气公司的霍桑作品就是一系列的实验的现场,这些实验将调查并探讨工作条件的变化对员工工作效率的影响。


A. their指代不清楚,可能是changes,也可能是conditions;
B. 正确。
C. 逻辑语义错误。
D. 表达不清晰,可以理解为changes in… effects,也可以理解为changes in working conditions。
E. 修饰effects的定语从句changes in working conditions would have前面应该加引导词that;what the effects没有谓语;该句用不定式to investigate作定语修饰experiments不及直接用分词更有效。

题目讨论 (17条评论)

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    wordy要你吗

    Actually 'that' belongs to a category called 'essential' modifiers. Essential modifiers can surprisingly modify either the word or the phrase before them, whatever makes sense; this is as opposed to non-essential modifiers such as 'which', which (almost always) modify the word preceding those modifiers.
    0 0 回复 2022-09-19 13:59:33
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    229863oneo

    "what the effects" is ungrammatical. also, in constructions of this sort, "what" is generally redundant / unnecessary; it's better merely to say "to investigate X" rather than to say "to investigate what X is" (or other such wordy construction).
    0 0 回复 2020-11-08 18:05:46
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    C韵

    判断逻辑,是调查effect还是changes,合理句意是调查effect,ACDE可以一下子排掉
    0 0 回复 2019-11-12 14:35:50
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    847716opn

    D investigate的主语变成了experiment,应该是人
    1 0 回复 2019-10-05 15:53:04
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      847716opn回复847716opn

      investigate的宾语中心词是effects不是changes

      0 0 回复 2019-10-05 15:56:27

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    嘉仓佑措

    我觉得有点奇怪 为什么有些人眼中E的 effects changes就不对呢?理由是太长?哪有一条规则是“句子太长了,词就要加上;短了就可以省略”?
    0 0 回复 2019-04-09 13:09:54
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    Kath1230

    In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their 【effects】 on workers' performance. 是要调查工作环境的改变对员工工作的表现带来的【影响】!!
    0 0 回复 2019-02-18 11:46:23
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    Kath1230

    that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers' performance.
    
    原句的意思主要是investigate changes的effects 所以重点在effects ACDE的重心都不在effects上
    0 0 回复 2019-01-30 19:52:08
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    师夷长技

    Those skeptical of the extent of global warming argue that short-term temperature data are an inadequate means of predicting long-term trends and point out that the scientific community remains divided on whether significant warming will occur and what impact will it have if it does.
    
    •	A
    on whether significant warming will occur and what impact will it have if it does
    •	B
    on whether warming that occurs will be significant and the impact it would have
    •	C
    as to whether significant warming will occur or the impact it would have if it did
    •	D
    over whether there will be significant warming or the impact it will have
    •	E
    over whether significant warming will occur and what impact it would have
    那么这个题目为什么又选E了呢?
    0 0 回复 2018-12-04 22:40:12
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    CEricC

    •	C项改变了句意:员工表现的什么影响是那些改变工作环境造成的——中心变了
    •	根据tense 我们可发现,would investigate是不正确的(将要调查)
    •	D变成调查 changes 而effect做了动词(主谓还不一致)
    •	E changes在这是能做动词(紧跟名词effects)但是造成了disagreements!
    
    说说自己的见解吧
    0 0 回复 2018-11-27 16:17:12
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    GMAT一定要740啊

    "what the effects" is ungrammatical. also, in constructions of this sort, "what" is generally redundant / unnecessary; it's better merely to say "to investigate X" rather than to say "to investigate what X is" (or other such wordy construction).
    0 0 回复 2018-11-06 21:44:11
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      GMAT一定要740啊回复GMAT一定要740啊

      emmm 我是要做笔记的,不小心复制错地方了

      0 0 回复 2018-11-06 21:45:04

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    默默

    Atheir 前面有两个复数名词
    0 0 回复 2018-05-09 21:06:31
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      默默回复默默

      C宾语的重心改了

      0 0 回复 2018-05-09 21:07:47

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      默默回复默默

      宾语不可以改变

      0 0 回复 2018-05-09 21:11:57

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    ninielisa

    感觉experiment investigate很奇怪
    0 0 回复 2018-01-21 12:01:08
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    Clara少女

    非生命体也不能用所有格吧
    0 0 回复 2017-12-07 17:21:27
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    曼迪小朋友

    (b) is the best choice here.
    
    (a) is vague because it's overly indirect: the meaning of "investigate changes ... as to their effects" is unclear. what's more, it's probably considered unidiomatic as well, at least in this sort of context.
    
    (b) = correct
    the participle "investigating" follows "experiments" immediately. no filler words are necessary; this is good concision.
    the wording is clear; there are no awkward double possessives, etc., as in some of the other choices.
    "would" is used properly here, as a past-tense form of "will". (i.e., if this sentence were translated into the present tense, it would read "...that changes ... will have")
    
    (c) is ridiculously wordy; there's no way you should give this choice any serious consideration. if you don't realize pretty quickly that this choice is wrong, you should go back and read through a bunch of correct OG answers, trying to internalize the sights and sounds (the "vibe") of the correct answers.
    
    (d) "changes in working conditions' effects" is at best awkward and vague, and at worst ambiguous: the intended meaning is the effects of the changes, but this sentence seems to indicated the effects of the conditions themselves. in other words, a literal reading of this sentence seems to indicate that the conditions themselves haven't changed - only their effects have. that's not the intended meaning of the original.
    
    (e) "what the effects" is ungrammatical.
    also, in constructions of this sort, "what" is generally redundant / unnecessary; it's better merely to say "to investigate X" rather than to say "to investigate what X is" (or other such wordy construction).
    0 0 回复 2017-12-06 20:48:18
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      嘉仓佑措回复曼迪小朋友

      Ron的解释的确不错,但对中国考生要求确实高。很多人达不到瞬间分辨“what”, "x is that "的wordy之处。就是现在解释都是有问题的

      0 0 回复 2019-04-09 13:01:26

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    Lily730

    A中their指代不清 而且两个介词短语in...,as to...容易造成歧义,并显得罗嗦
    C 名词for doing错
    D中两个介词短语紧挨,引起歧义,错
    E 中effects不能修饰changes而且表达不对
    所以选B
    0 0 回复 2017-08-30 10:51:35
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      LUCY_0813回复 Lily730

      同学们忽略这个A的解释 N for doing很多都是正确答案

      0 0 回复 2019-10-22 15:10:34

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