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The number of plant and animal species that humans are known to have forced to extinction in the last half millennium is over 800.

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当前版本由 abccccccc 更新于2015-12-10 09:56:11 感谢由 abccccccc 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

考点  修饰  用语

known as后接职业,“作为...而著名”,known to be “为...所熟知” 

划线部分是同谓语从句的内容

A 正确

B known as用法错误

C known for用法错误

D are known that表达wordy

E known as用法错误


题目讨论 (6条评论)

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    218447jwka

    犹豫了d选项:ron的解释给的例句拿来对比,我大概理解了一下d的错误
    The number of plant and animal species 【that】 humans are known 【that】 humans forced to become extinct 的问题在于歧义。that可以当作两种翻译:
    1. The number {of plant and animal species 【that】 humans are known }【that】 humans forced to become extinct 后面的that可以修饰number that human forced, 语义错误
    2. The number {of plant and animal species 【that】 humans are known 【that】 humans forced to become extinct }后面的that做宾语从句修饰known,语义正确
    1 0 回复 2021-06-05 22:38:56
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    1556342f

    *考点:idiom
    be known to do sth 已知做了什么事
    a - correct,humans are known to have forced (plant and animals) to extinction
    b - be known as,作为.....而广为人知,这里a)be known as + noun b)句意不对,这里表达的意思不是人类作为......而广为人知,而是人类广为人知做了什么事情
    c - be know for 表示现在仍然在做
    d - that humans are known that;that be known that是从句里再嵌套一个从句,awkward(主要错误原因);因此这里用that humans are known to do sth表达更precise
    e - be known as doing,unidiomatic
    *
    2 0 回复 2021-06-05 14:47:49
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    1556342f

    plant and animal species that humans are known to have forced to extinction in the last half millennium =  humans are known to have forced plant and animal species to extinction
    be known to 修饰human
    0 0 回复 2021-06-04 17:27:00
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    284452gzyr

    【首先,先把从句调整成一个完整句子】Humans are known to have forced plant and animal species to extinction.
    【接着,再把句子转换语序】It is known that humans have forced plant and species to extinction.
    【force to 之后不一定跟动词,也可以跟名词】i was forced to the edge of my seat when a 400-pound man sat next to me on the airplane
    1 0 回复 2020-10-05 12:01:12
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    fuksurgen

    are known to sb为人所知知道
    Be known for 因什么出名
    Be known as 被作为 称作+职位
     
    analogies: 
    the island's natives are known for stealing tourists' money, passports, and jewelry. --> these things go on today 
    the island's natives are known to have stolen tourists' money, passports, and jewelry. --> not necessarily still happening, but it has happened at some point
    0 0 回复 2018-01-24 08:44:08
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    Ashinxgy

    be known to do因为做...而著名
    be known for 以...而著名
    be known as  作为...而著名
    0 0 回复 2017-10-28 11:17:15
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      默默回复Ashinxgy

      读懂句意与句间的逻辑

      0 0 回复 2018-05-12 05:02:15

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      默默回复Ashinxgy

      m

      0 0 回复 2018-05-12 05:11:34

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