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句子改错SC-9153 【难度:700-730】 Time Cost
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The 151 member governments of the World Bank are expected to increase the bank's funding by $75 billion, though some United States legislators cite an obstacle to congressional passage being the concern that the bank's loans will help foreign producers compete with American businesses.

  • 分析A选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析B选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析C选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析D选项 分析选校图标
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  • 分析E选项 分析选校图标
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暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 艾垣汐爱吃萝卜 更新于2017-10-02 16:39:37 感谢由 艾垣汐爱吃萝卜 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
本题最大的难点在于识别倒装句,答案选项C的正常语序为:
United States legislators cite the concern as an obstacle to congressional passage.
意思是,美国立法者声称这个担心是国会通过的一个障碍。

选项分析:

A选项:分词短语being concern that the bank's loans will help foreign producers compete with American businesses只能做congressional passage的定语,但是本题的意思是美国国会声明(cite)一个担心,而不是声明一个障碍。

B选项:划线部分身后的同位语从句that the bank's loans will help foreign producers compete with American businesses应该修饰的对象是concern,即,是担心贷款帮助了外国的商业。因此,该同位语从句应直接放在concern身后,不能放在passage身后。

C选项:Correct. 本选项在语法和逻辑上均是正确的。

D选项:an obstacle to congressional passage变成了the concern的同位语。但显然地,concern并非本身就是an obstacle,而是美国立法者将concern声明为一个障碍,即,obstacle必须作为宾语的补足语。

E选项:不定式短语for Congress to pass it需改为名词短语congressional passage,这点考查了不定式和名词的区别,用之于本题,显然地,pass是obstacle的定语,主句“声明一个障碍”的发生不会直接影响“国会通过法案”这件事的发生与否(因为声明有障碍和国会通过法案之间没有必然联系,例如,我声明我考GMAT有难度,这并不代表我不打算考GMAT嘛)。

题目讨论 (30条评论)

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    旮旮

    【cite A as B:把A看作成B】
         D选项是把把原句的从句内容变为了插入语,影响原句逻辑;原意是把【concern顾虑】看成是一个国会通过的阻碍;
    而D选项直接变成了cite the concern,没有了国会通过,会造成逻辑关系表达不清楚,而且会造成cite翻译为“引用”的歧义;
    0 0 回复 2021-10-30 19:48:08
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      旮旮回复旮旮

      cite做及物动词单独出现时表达:“引用”的含义;

      0 0 回复 2021-10-30 20:04:15

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    水寒528

    正确的语序应该是though some United States legislators cite the concern as an obstacle to congressional passage ,因为that后面的句子太长可能会引起歧义所以放在了前面,所以C正确D那二者作为一个东西错误,这是常见的因为某个部分超长就放在末尾把简短东西提前的做法
    0 1 回复 2021-09-22 21:36:22
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    170177octb

    【正选翻译】世行151个成员国政府预计将增加世行资金750亿美元,尽管一些美国立法者将该银行的贷款会帮助外国生产商与美国企业竞争这一担忧当作是国会通过的障碍。
    
    【知识点】句子结构,修饰,逻辑语义
    
    【解题思路】本题需注意倒装这个长难句经常出现的难点,cite a as b 把A看做B,倒装后:cite as b a,答案C还原回来后的语序为:
    Some United States legislators cite the concern that ...... as an obstacle to congressional passage. 一些美国立法者将这个担心当作是国会通过的一个障碍。
    
    【选项分析】
    A an obstacle to congressional passage being the concern 错误,being表达啰嗦;cite a as b结构出错,变成cite an obstacle,声明“一个障碍”,语义不合理;
    B a concern as an obstacle to congressional passage 错误,未划线that从句修饰到了passage,语义不合理,应该修饰concern;
    C as an obstacle to congressional passage the concern 正确;
    D the concern, an obstacle to congressional passage, 错误,插入语an obstacle to congressional passage有作the concern的同位语的风险,concern本身不是障碍,语义不合理;
    E as an obstacle for Congress to pass it the concern 错误,代词it没有指代对象;
    2 0 回复 2021-08-03 11:17:50
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    Norr

    为什么D能够被秒排呢,这里也是修饰CONCERN呀
    1 0 回复 2021-04-14 21:20:11
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      268427ctdn回复Norr

      我也觉得

      0 0 回复 2021-09-13 08:16:30

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    221503xmhh

    不明白为什么下面的解释那么复杂。需要考虑什么倒装、固定搭配吗?先扫一遍原句,知道that后面的是concern的内容,秒排B、D。A的being就不解释了,一般其他选项都不行才会看being。E的it指代的是什么?选C。
    
    记住GMAT不是考语法的考试,考语法那是雅思和托福,如果你遇到的题都是什么固定搭配、主谓一致,那你肯定掉库了。GMAT Verbal考的都是逻辑,说白了就是如果你想解释一个完全陌生的句子、一段话、一篇文章给一个普通人,他哪个选项理解起来最不引发歧义,最易懂,就选哪个。
    4 0 回复 2021-02-10 18:35:40
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      GMACNMSL回复221503xmhh

      gmat注重语义不假,但是并不代表它不考语法。这里不给你解释为什么要倒装恐怕不少人不能理解。当然你要是唐瑭和管卫东这样的玄学派做题家当我没讲。

      1 0 回复 2021-05-05 18:16:32

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      162403pksk回复221503xmhh

      还不看语法,不看语法做个锤子。你不看语法所以你不知道D的that也是concern的内容,插入语不改变原句意思。而且GMAT还针对这个考点有考题

      1 0 回复 2021-05-28 11:26:55

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      730598f回复221503xmhh

      杠精?人说的意思是这道题用语义而非语法可以更快更容易解题。中国人说汉语时每次都要考虑什么主谓宾定状补?插入语个锤子啊?考场上解SC的时候本来就是语义和语法哪个快用哪个,你讲那么多倒装什么的语法点到了考场还不是用那些最快最明显的错误排除?

      0 0 回复 2021-06-24 15:19:13

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    jianfengai

    cite 一定要和as连用吗?
    0 0 回复 2020-11-02 19:58:29
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    168818vmkz

    ron:
    In choice D, "an obstacle..." is a modifier of "the concern".As a result, choice D implies that the concern IS an obstacle.
    
    If there were no other ideas in the sentence, then that meaning would be reasonable. However, this sentence contains "some U.S. legislators cite..."
    If we meant to say that the concern IS an obstacle"”in point of fact"”then this would be nonsense. If the concern is an obstacle, then the sentence would just say that it's an obstacle; there would be no point in attributing that fact to a few legislators.
    
    E.g.,
    Many consumers have cited excess sugar as their reason for not purchasing this product. --> This makes sense; it's their personal judgment.
    Many consumers have cited sugar as a carbohydrate. --> Nonsense. Sugar IS a carbohydrate; this is a fact.
    If something is an incontrovertible fact, it's nonsense to attribute it to a source.
    0 0 回复 2020-10-29 14:17:51
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    呵呵哒哒

    Cite a as b.       Cite as b a
    0 0 回复 2019-10-21 20:20:46
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    847716opn

    cite的搭配:cite a as b;cite as a b
    0 0 回复 2019-10-02 11:01:29
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    GMAT必定上700

    CD对比的解析,来自Ron大神
    there would still be two problems. 
    
    the first, and much less important, of those problems is that the resulting sentence would still be fatally awkward, to the point of being absolutely unreadable to native speakers of english. (this is not something that will be tested on the gmat.)
    
    the second issue would be that the resulting sentence would have a different meaning.
    if you say "these people have cited (as a Y) (X)" -- or, equivalently, "these people have cited X as a Y" -- then it's not an objective fact that X is a Y; that's just what these people are saying.
    on the other hand, if you say "these people have cited X, a Y", then that sentence carries the meaning that it is an objective fact that X is a Y.
    
    example:
    
    some parents have cited as a hazard to their children the old swing set on the school's playground.
    --> the swing set is not necessarily a hazard. it may be one, but it's equally possible that these parents are just being paranoid.
    
    some parents have cited the old swing set on the school's playground, a hazard to their children.
    --> according to this sentence, it is an unarguable fact that the old swing set is a hazard to children.
    
    same problem here.
    this difference in meaning is subtle enough that it will almost certainly not be the only difference between two choices, but it's still worth pointing out.
    0 0 回复 2019-09-10 23:53:53
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    蓝鲸蓝鲸

    【cite用法】 :
    Cite a as b 
    Cite as b a
    【解题思路】
    1、还原本题重点:cite the concern as obstacle,要有“作为”的这层意味在——D×
    2、其它选项都差不多,一一来看排除
    A:being冗杂,×
    B:前面的结构对的,但是划线后的that有就近修饰passage的歧义,×
    C:cite as B A的用法,√
    E:it无指代,×
    1 0 回复 2019-09-10 10:52:57
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    Zhazha

    我做官方模考的时候,这是我V的第四题,前三道是阅读。所以我估计这题可能就600分左右吧,然而我做错了
    0 0 回复 2019-08-22 16:37:54
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    HelloCandy

    这题650-680,那我下辈子才可能上700了
    3 0 回复 2019-07-01 15:30:25
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    Kath1230

    United States legislators cite an obstacle to congressional passage being the concern that the 。。先理解原句的意思,是美国立法者引用一个obstacle,让国会觉得通过它是一个concern,重点在于cite声明A as B,这里把as B提前了 看到后面的定语从句 肯定是修饰concern的而不是passage,所以排除B,cite 后面跟as 或者名词as,出现as的只有CE, E中it指代不清楚,所以只有选C
    记住cite的用法 cite A as B, cite as B A, 声明。。。
    0 0 回复 2019-02-01 19:59:47
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    AUCHUI

    RON: "that the bank's loans with..." should immediately follow "the concern", since that is what it modifies.
    similarly, "as an obstacle..." should be as close as possible to "cite", because that's what it modifies.
    0 0 回复 2018-11-05 19:05:49
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