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In 1988 services moved ahead of manufacturing as the main product of the United States economy. But what is meant by "services" ? Some economists define a service as something that is produced and consumed simultaneously, for example, a haircut. The broader, classical definition is that a service is an intangible something that cannot be touched or stored. Yet electric utilities can store energy, and computer programmers save information electronically. Thus, the classical definition is hard to sustain.

The United States government’s definition is more practical: services are the residual category that includes everything that is not agriculture or industry. Under this definition, services includes activities as diverse as engineering and driving a bus. However, besides lacking a strong conceptual framework, this definition fails to recognize the distinction between service industries and service occupations. It categorizes workers based on their company’s final product rather than on the actual work the employees perform. Thus, the many service workers employed by manufacturers— bookkeepers or janitors, for example—would fall under the industrial rather than the services category. Such ambiguities reveal the arbitrariness of this definition and suggest that, although practical for government purposes, it does not accurately reflect the composition of the current United States economy.

The author of the passage mentions which of the following as one disadvantage of the United States government’s definition of services?

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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当前版本由 ya**** 更新于2015-10-29 17:50:11 感谢由 ya**** 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
从第二段可以得出关于美国政府对服务业的定义的几点推论:比较实用;依据其所在的行业的最终产品而并非其实际工作来界定;作者不是很赞同此种定义
A错误,文中未涉及有用程度
B错误,文中未提及运用的范围
C正确,符合文中意思
D错误,文中虽然提及了as diverse as,但是作者并未论述其作为此种定义的劣势
E错误,此处的service industries 应改为manufacturing industries

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