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In 1988 services moved ahead of manufacturing as the main product of the United States economy. But what is meant by "services" ? Some economists define a service as something that is produced and consumed simultaneously, for example, a haircut. The broader, classical definition is that a service is an intangible something that cannot be touched or stored. Yet electric utilities can store energy, and computer programmers save information electronically. Thus, the classical definition is hard to sustain.

The United States government’s definition is more practical: services are the residual category that includes everything that is not agriculture or industry. Under this definition, services includes activities as diverse as engineering and driving a bus. However, besides lacking a strong conceptual framework, this definition fails to recognize the distinction between service industries and service occupations. It categorizes workers based on their company’s final product rather than on the actual work the employees perform. Thus, the many service workers employed by manufacturers— bookkeepers or janitors, for example—would fall under the industrial rather than the services category. Such ambiguities reveal the arbitrariness of this definition and suggest that, although practical for government purposes, it does not accurately reflect the composition of the current United States economy.

The author refers to "service workers employed by manufacturers" (highlight text) primarily in order to point out

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当前版本由 ya**** 更新于2015-10-29 17:45:55 感谢由 ya**** 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
例子所在句子以thus开头,说明此句与其前句构成了一组因果关系句,而这个因果关系句就是这个However所在句子的说明部分,而However所在的句子反对了美国政府对服务业的定义
A错误,美国政府对于服务业的定义包含了此类工人,只是分类不对而已
B正确,符合这组因果关系句的服务对象,即However所在的句子
C错误,文章未提及此意
D错误,与文章内容相反
E错误,与工人的多样性无关

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    要考740的阿竹

    如果按The passage suggests which of the following about service workers in the United States?
    A The number of service workers may be underestimated by the definition of services used by the government.
    的思路来说的话,定位部分说明了有些服务业人员被归为工业了,所以人数会少,那么这个题不也是一样的吗,A选项正好说明了这一部分人员没有被归为服务业,不应该选A吗?
    0 0 回复 2020-04-11 11:58:35
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      璐璐的张先生回复 要考740的阿竹

      我觉得吧,A的意思是,一些工人没有被归于政府的分类系统中。而文中说的是,一些做服务业的人被归到了工业类,所以不对。

      0 0 回复 2020-06-05 17:02:24

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