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In the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry, women were employed primarily in low paying, low-skill jobs. To explain this segregation of labor by gender, economists have relied on the useful theory of human capital. According to this theory, investment in human capital—the acquisition of difficult job-related skills—generally benefits individuals by making them eligible to engage in well-paid occupations. Women’s role as child bearers, however, results in interruptions in their participation in the job market (as compared with men’s) and thus reduces their opportunities to acquire training for highly skilled work. In addition, the human capital theory explains why there was a high concentration of women workers in certain low-skill jobs, such as weaving, but not in others, such as combing or carding, by positing that because of their primary responsibility in child rearing women took occupations that could be carried out in the home.There were, however, differences in pay scales that cannot be explained by the human capital theory. For example, male construction workers were paid significantly higher wages than female taffeta weavers. The wage difference between these two low-skill occupations stems from the segregation of labor by gender: because a limited number of occupations were open to women, there was a large supply of workers in their fields, and this "overcrowding" resulted in women receiving lower wages and men receiving higher wages.

The passage suggests that combing and carding differ from weaving in that combing and carding were

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当前版本由 ya**** 更新于2015-11-02 09:09:41 感谢由 ya**** 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
定位于第一段,combing和carding与weaving的区别有两点:从业人员中女性的密度不同;weaving可以在家中完成,意即combing和carding不能在家中完成,可根据这两点内容选择相关的选项
A错误,文章未提及
B正确,谈及了第二点内容,即在家里工作
C错误,跟从业人员的性别分布无关
D错误,不是high-skill jobs
E错误,理由同上

题目讨论 (1条评论)

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    cchelene

    老头好狡猾。but not in others (=other low-skilled jobs)
    0 0 回复 2018-12-15 16:20:04
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