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In the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry, women were employed primarily in low paying, low-skill jobs. To explain this segregation of labor by gender, economists have relied on the useful theory of human capital. According to this theory, investment in human capital—the acquisition of difficult job-related skills—generally benefits individuals by making them eligible to engage in well-paid occupations. Women’s role as child bearers, however, results in interruptions in their participation in the job market (as compared with men’s) and thus reduces their opportunities to acquire training for highly skilled work. In addition, the human capital theory explains why there was a high concentration of women workers in certain low-skill jobs, such as weaving, but not in others, such as combing or carding, by positing that because of their primary responsibility in child rearing women took occupations that could be carried out in the home.There were, however, differences in pay scales that cannot be explained by the human capital theory. For example, male construction workers were paid significantly higher wages than female taffeta weavers. The wage difference between these two low-skill occupations stems from the segregation of labor by gender: because a limited number of occupations were open to women, there was a large supply of workers in their fields, and this "overcrowding" resulted in women receiving lower wages and men receiving higher wages.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the explanation provided by the human capital theory for women’s concentration in certain occupations in seventeenth-century Florence?

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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当前版本由 01**** 更新于2016-01-03 22:52:30 感谢由 01**** 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

 逻辑题:正确答案为(A)。逻辑题特点很明显,其提问方式是:虚拟语气+strengthen/weaken…考查内容一定是题干和选项的因果关系。正确答案一定是原文所给原因的反面。以本题为例,问题问的是人力资本理论对17世纪佛罗伦萨地区女性集中在某些特定职业的解释。

(B): 没有削弱,与人力资本理论一致

(C): 无关选项:与人力资本理论的解释无关。

(D): 背道而驰:支持人力资本理论。

(E): 背道而驰:支持人力资本理论。



题目讨论 (4条评论)

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  • 用户头像
    264897zi

    文中说因为带孩子才不能出去工作
    选项说即使有时间也不会去外面工作
    1 0 回复 2021-04-24 18:15:45
  • 用户头像
    细胞周期

    C为什么错了呢?
    文中说女性只能干某一类的工作是因为需要在家带孩子的缘故,所以在combing等行业人很好--C说在羊毛行业的很多女性反而有孩子,不正好是文中的反驳吗?
    0 0 回复 2018-09-28 17:52:10
    • 评论用户头像

      Jade7777回复细胞周期

      D属于加强,正好验证了,“带孩子的女性更青睐纺织厂的工作”

      0 0 回复 2019-08-08 22:30:25

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    xiaoyi

    concentration in certain occupations
    0 0 回复 2017-08-07 19:36:13
  • 用户头像
    Marilyn

    解释完全看不懂,,
    1 0 回复 2017-07-28 04:33:16
    • 评论用户头像

      彩虹装回复Marilyn

      文章中说:女性集中在某些职业的原因是这些职业可以把工作带回家,这样就可以同时解决照顾孩子等的问题。相当于暗示选择某些工作的原因是因为考虑了家务活 A选项说:即便有那种工作时间灵活、可以同时兼顾housework和工作的职业,女性也不会离开家去工作。也就是说选择工作不仅仅是考虑了家务活,可能有其他的原因所以更倾向于在家里完成的工作而不是外出务工。 个人理解

      4 0 回复 2017-08-01 11:56:46

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