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阅读RC-9323 (第4/7题) Time Cost00:00
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Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in temporary employment that occurred in the United States during the 1980s to increased participation in the workforce by certain groups, such as first-time or reentering workers, who supposedly prefer such arrangements. However, statistical analyses reveal that demographic changes in the workforce did not correlate with variations in the total number of temporary workers. Instead, these analyses suggest that factors affecting employers account for the rise in temporary employment. One factor is product demand: temporary employment is favored by employers who are adapting to fluctuating demand for products while at the same time seeking to reduce overall labor costs. Another factor is labor’s reduced bargaining strength, which allows employers more control over the terms of employment. Given the analyses, which reveal that growth in temporary employment now far exceeds the level explainable by recent workforce entry rates of groups said to prefer temporary jobs, firms should be discouraged from creating excessive numbers of temporary positions. Government policymakers should consider mandating benefit coverage for temporary employees, promoting pay equity between temporary and permanent workers, assisting labor unions in organizing temporary workers, and encouraging firms to assign temporary jobs primarily to employees who explicitly indicate that preference.

The passage suggests which of the following about the workers who took temporary jobs during the 1980s?

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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当前版本由 ya**** 更新于2015-11-02 09:11:25 感谢由 ya**** 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
从文中意思可知他们据说(supposedly)喜欢临时就业。另外,从文章末句的who explicitly indicate that preference可以推测并不是所有工人都喜欢临时就业的
A错误,文中未提及
B错误,文中未提及
C错误,文中未提及“他们偶尔参与工会组织的活动”
D错误,文中未提及他们的工资相对于正式工人的工资的变化
E正确,符合文中意思

题目讨论 (2条评论)

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    Josiechen302

    定位句子Given the analyses, which reveal that growth in temporary employment now far exceeds the level explainable by recent workforce entry rates of groups said to prefer temporary jobs, firms should be discouraged from creating excessive numbers of temporary positions. 
    可以推测出答案E
    0 0 回复 2022-06-10 13:30:29
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    默默

    错误答案,觉对么有提及的方面,正确答案的正确性很微妙,因为要小小的推理,把握文章逻辑很重视,看关键词
    0 0 回复 2018-05-17 08:50:41
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