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Among the myths taken as fact by the environmental managers of most corporations is the belief that environmental regulations affect all competitors in a given industry uniformly. In reality, regulatory costs - and therefore compliance - fall unevenly, economically disadvantaging some companies and benefiting others. For example, a plant situated near a number of larger noncompliant competitors is less likely to attract the attention of local regulators than is an isolated plant, and less attention means lower costs.

Additionally, large plants can spread compliance costs such as waste treatment across a larger revenue base; on the other hand, some smaller plants may not even be subject to certain provisions such as permit or reporting requirements by virtue of their size. Finally, older production technologies often continue to generate toxic wastes that were not regulated when the technology was first adopted. New regulations have imposed extensive compliance costs on companies still using older industrial coal-fired burners that generate high sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide outputs, for example, whereas new facilities generally avoid processes that would create such waste products. By realizing that they have discretion and that not all industries are affected equally by environmental regulation, environmental managers can help their companies to achieve a competitive edge by anticipating regulatory pressure and exploring all possibilities for addressing how changing regulations will affect their companies specifically.

【OG20-P437-548题】

Which of the following best describes the relationship of the statement about large plants (the highlight text) to the passage as a whole?

  • 分析A选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析B选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析C选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析D选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析E选项
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暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 ya**** 更新于2015-11-03 09:33:14 感谢由 ya**** 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
定位于文章的Additionally所在的句子
从Additionally可知,该句与前句是递进关系,因此本题可以选择也表达了递进关系的选项
A错误,与假定无关
B错误,an opposition没有传递出递进的意味
C正确,符合文中逻辑关系
D错误,并没有对之前的错误概念进行举例说明
E错误,文中未表达类比关系

题目讨论 (7条评论)

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    旮旮

    additionally是承接第一段的for example例子。For example有三个例子,分别用for example / additionally / Finally引导,所以这句话是第二个例子;找例子的逻辑上层就是for example上一句话,现实情况····,所以C正确;
    1 0 回复 2021-10-12 17:14:28
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    760一定行

    解析错了吧,文中highlight的部分里面的on the other hand根本不是表示递进,而是转折,在对比大工厂和小工厂不同的影响。
    B选项也不错在opposition, 而是two ideas
    0 0 回复 2021-09-22 14:38:54
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    628406gbj

    D. exemplify: clarify by giving an example of....vt. 例证;例示 是支持misconception
    1 0 回复 2020-10-15 14:33:18
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    庄子不想醒

    D选项 it exemplifies a misconception mentioned earlier in the passage.
    1.例子与misconception相正才可以
    2.举例与misconception太远,中间还隔着作者观点,也不可能是对misconception举例
    0 0 回复 2019-12-24 21:10:34
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    huang642

    c里的claim对应前面的:In reality, regulatory costs - and therefore compliance - fall unevenly, economically disadvantaging some companies and benefiting others 
    
    即大工厂disadvantage,小工厂benefit
    1 0 回复 2019-05-24 09:43:09
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    gcyvu

    She concludes that while women gained autonomy in some areas, especially in the private sphere, they lost it in many aspects of the economic sphere. 这是19世纪和18世纪对比,题目问18世纪和19世纪对比,那么18世纪的女人在经历领域有更多的自主权 autonomy和independent是同义词替换。
    由此退出C正确 经济更加独立,通知得知D错,她们在18世纪没有19世纪独立
    women also gained power in comparison with their previous status, owning a higher proportion of real estate, for example
    得知B错, 
    in many respects, women lost power in relation to men, for example, as certain jobs (delivering babies, supervising schools) were taken over by men
    得知A错,E错

    0 0 回复 2018-10-01 22:30:15
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      你这只猪回复gcyvu

      走错片场了吧

      1 0 回复 2020-08-27 10:22:56

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      Tony1998回复 gcyvu

      这喝了多少啊

      1 0 回复 2021-01-28 20:22:30

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    默默

    高光部分瞻前顾后
    0 0 回复 2018-05-17 11:18:42
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      默默回复默默

      addition 一定跟前面有关

      0 0 回复 2018-05-17 11:19:34

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      默默回复默默

      E没有对应词表达类比关系

      0 0 回复 2018-05-17 11:25:24

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