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According to a recent theory, Archean-age gold-quartz vein systems were formed more than two billion years ago from magmatic fluids that originated from molten granite-like bodies deep beneath the surface of the Earth. This theory is contrary to the widely held view that the systems were deposited from metamorphic fluids, that is, from fluids that formed during the dehydration of wet sedimentary rocks.

The recently developed theory has considerable practical importance. Most of the gold deposits discovered during the original gold rushes were exposed at the Earth's surface and were found because they had shed trails of alluvial gold that were easily traced by simple prospecting methods. Although these same methods still lead to an occasional discovery, most deposits not yet discovered have gone undetected because they are buried and have no surface expression.The challenge in exploration is therefore to unravel the subsurface geology of an area and pinpoint the position of buried minerals. Methods widely used today include analysis of aerial images that yield a broad geological overview; geophysical techniques that provide data on the magnetic, electrical, and mineralogical properties of the rocks being investigated; and sensitive chemical tests that are able to detect the subtle chemical halos that often envelop mineralization. However, none of these high-technology methods are of any value if the sites to which they are applied have never mineralized, and to maximize the chances of discovery the explorer must therefore pay particular attention to selecting the ground formations most likely to be mineralized. Such ground selection relies to varying degrees on conceptual models, which take into account theoretical studies of relevant factors.

These models are constructed primarily from empirical observations of known mineral deposits and from theories of ore-forming processes. The explorer uses the models to identify those geological features that are critical to the formation of the mineralization being modeled, and then tries to select areas for exploration that exhibit as many of the critical features as possible.

The passage implies that which of the following steps would be the first performed by explorers who wish to maximize their chances of discovering gold?

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 ya**** 更新于2015-11-10 20:45:37 感谢由 ya**** 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
A错误,此题与年代无关
B错误,与metamorphic fluid无关
C正确,提及了概念模型
D错误,文中提及,但与本题无关
E错误,与本题无关

题目讨论 (4条评论)

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  • 用户头像
    703313krfq

    定位倒数第二段however后,找到最大化发现矿是要确定地点,确定地点依靠概念模型,选C
    0 0 回复 2021-04-14 17:00:00
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    杜一凡

    最后一段解释了具体如何做,可以看到并没有说一定研究的是rock。
    0 0 回复 2019-07-28 17:18:31
  • 用户头像
    ( ¨̮ )

    to maximize the chances of discovery the explorer must therefore pay particular attention to selecting the ground formations most likely to be mineralized. Such ground selection relies to varying degrees on conceptual models, which take into account theoretical studies of relevant factors.
    0 0 回复 2018-08-06 09:51:07
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    Debbie720

    定位在第二段最后两句,就是在说C
    0 0 回复 2016-08-25 19:03:26
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