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阅读RC-9504 (第5/6题) Time Cost00:00
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In the two decades between 1910 and 1930, more than ten percent of the black population of the United States left the South, where the preponderance of the black population had been located, and migrated to northern states, with the largest number moving, it is claimed, between 1916 and 1918. It has been frequently assumed, but not proved, that the majority of the migrants in what has come to be called the Great Migration came from rural areas and were motivated by two concurrent factors: the collapse of the cotton industry following the boll weevil infestation, which began in 1898, and increased demand in the North for labor following the cessation of European immigration caused by the outbreak of the First World War in 1914. This assumption has led to the conclusion that the migrants’ subsequent lack of economic mobility in the North is tied to rural background, a background that implies unfamiliarity with urban living and a lack of industrial skills.But the question of who actually left the South has never been rigorously investigated. Although numerous investigations document an exodus from rural southern areas to southern cities prior to the Great Migration, no one has considered whether the same migrants then moved on to northern cities. In 1910 more than 600,000 black workers, or ten percent of the black workforce, reported themselves to be engaged in "manufacturing and mechanical pursuits," the federal census category roughly encompassing the entire industrial sector. The Great Migration could easily have been made up entirely of this group and their families. It is perhaps surprising to argue that an employed population could be enticed to move, but an explanation lies in the labor conditions then prevalent in the South.

About thirty-five percent of the urban black population in the South was engaged in skilled trades. Some were from the old artisan class of slavery—blacksmiths, masons, carpenters—which had had a monopoly of certain trades, but they were gradually being pushed out by competition, mechanization, and obsolescence. The remaining sixty-five percent, more recently urbanized, worked in newly developed industries—tobacco, lumber, coal and iron manufacture, and railroads. Wages in the South, however, were low, and black workers were aware, through labor recruiters and the black press, that they could earn more even as unskilled workers in the North than they could as artisans in the South. After the boll weevil infestation, urban black workers faced competition from the continuing influx of both black and white rural workers, who were driven to undercut the wages formerly paid for industrial jobs. Thus, a move north would be seen as advantageous to a group that was already urbanized and steadily employed, and the easy conclusion tying their subsequent economic problems in the North to their rural background comes into question.

It can be inferred from the passage that the "easy conclusion" mentioned in highlight text is based on which of the following assumptions?

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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当前版本由 ya**** 更新于2015-11-13 15:02:38 感谢由 ya**** 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
从文中的tying their subsequent economic problems in the North to their rural background可以看出其背后的假定与农村背景有关,即由于来自于农村,因此遇到了经济问题。只有选项C涉及了此意

题目讨论 (6条评论)

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    499685skw

    easy conclusion是:他们认为北上黑人群体lack of economic mobility是因为rural background。 首先可以排除BDE因为无关。A选项确实能跟文章扯上关系,因为北上黑人确实可能收到经济的吸引而迁移,但是跟这个easy conclusion没有联系。C选项能够很好的作为easy conclusion的前提,就是因为大家默认rural background的人在经济上很难超越urban backgorund,所以认为是rural background的原因。
    0 0 回复 2022-10-07 20:00:21
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    Zehnstein

    easy conclusion是:their subsequent economic problems in the North是由于their rural background。所以assumption是农村背景常常经济状况不好
    0 0 回复 2020-02-03 22:00:29
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    Gika

    定位第一段
    It has been frequently assumed, but not proved, that the majority of the migrants in what has come to be called the Great Migration came from rural areas and were motivated by two concurrent factors: the collapse of the cotton industry following the boll weevil infestation, which began in 1898, and increased demand in the North for labor following the cessation of European immigration caused by the outbreak of the First World War in 1914. This assumption has led to the conclusion that the migrants’ subsequent lack of economic mobility in the North is tied to rural background, a background that implies unfamiliarity with urban living and a lack of industrial skills.
    0 0 回复 2019-12-16 19:47:56
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    jijicaier

    easy conclusion 其实是作者反驳的assumption(黑人在北方经济状况不好的原因是因为他们没有urbanized缺少industry skill)A,是黑人移民的原因
    0 0 回复 2019-08-08 11:22:42
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    wyhvv

    为什么不选a
    0 0 回复 2019-01-12 23:07:31
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    橙汁儿

    already urbanized and steadily employed,
    对比
    0 0 回复 2018-05-23 11:57:50
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