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阅读RC-9505 (第6/6题) Time Cost00:00
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In the two decades between 1910 and 1930, more than ten percent of the black population of the United States left the South, where the preponderance of the black population had been located, and migrated to northern states, with the largest number moving, it is claimed, between 1916 and 1918. It has been frequently assumed, but not proved, that the majority of the migrants in what has come to be called the Great Migration came from rural areas and were motivated by two concurrent factors: the collapse of the cotton industry following the boll weevil infestation, which began in 1898, and increased demand in the North for labor following the cessation of European immigration caused by the outbreak of the First World War in 1914. This assumption has led to the conclusion that the migrants’ subsequent lack of economic mobility in the North is tied to rural background, a background that implies unfamiliarity with urban living and a lack of industrial skills.

But the question of who actually left the South has never been rigorously investigated. Although numerous investigations document an exodus from rural southern areas to southern cities prior to the Great Migration, no one has considered whether the same migrants then moved on to northern cities. In 1910 more than 600,000 black workers, or ten percent of the black workforce, reported themselves to be engaged in "manufacturing and mechanical pursuits," the federal census category roughly encompassing the entire industrial sector. The Great Migration could easily have been made up entirely of this group and their families. It is perhaps surprising to argue that an employed population could be enticed to move, but an explanation lies in the labor conditions then prevalent in the South.

About thirty-five percent of the urban black population in the South was engaged in skilled trades. Some were from the old artisan class of slavery—blacksmiths, masons, carpenters—which had had a monopoly of certain trades, but they were gradually being pushed out by competition, mechanization, and obsolescence. The remaining sixty-five percent, more recently urbanized, worked in newly developed industries—tobacco, lumber, coal and iron manufacture, and railroads. Wages in the South, however, were low, and black workers were aware, through labor recruiters and the black press, that they could earn more even as unskilled workers in the North than they could as artisans in the South. After the boll weevil infestation, urban black workers faced competition from the continuing influx of both black and white rural workers, who were driven to undercut the wages formerly paid for industrial jobs. Thus, a move north would be seen as advantageous to a group that was already urbanized and steadily employed, and the easy conclusion tying their subsequent economic problems in the North to their rural background comes into question.

The primary purpose of the passage is to

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当前版本由 ya**** 更新于2015-11-13 15:02:19 感谢由 ya**** 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
本文是一篇新老观点对比型的文章,其目的在于反对一个老观点
A错误,与accepted methodology无关
B错误,与resolves a contradiction无关
C错误,与recently discovered source of information无关
D正确,其中的challenge符合文章结构
E错误,文中未提及这个意思

题目讨论 (4条评论)

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  • 用户头像
    499685skw

    老观念(easy conclusion)认为北上黑人的economic problem是因为他们rural background,经过作者一系列的推理,现在认为北上的应该是已经有urban background the 南方黑人,所以challenge了原有的easy conclusion。文章最后一句“comes into question”也说明是在challenge。
    0 0 回复 2022-10-07 19:46:41
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    Mariposa爱学习

    “This assumption has led to the conclusion that the migrants’ subsequent lack of economic mobility in the North is tied to rural background, a background that implies unfamiliarity with urban living and a lack of industrial skills.”
    “the easy conclusion tying their subsequent economic problems in the North to their rural background comes into question.”
    文章最后一句话说某个之前提出的结论是值得质疑的;返回去找那个结论
    说明这篇文章就是在讨论这个结论是否正确
    0 0 回复 2020-11-16 20:35:05
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    橙汁儿

    It has been frequently assumed, but not proved, that the
     But the question of who actually left the South has never been rigorously investigated. Although·····
    0 0 回复 2018-05-23 11:59:23
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    见过夏天去非洲拍动物世界

    It has been frequently assumed, but not proved, that the majority of the migrants in what has come to be called the Great Migration came from rural areas and were motivated by two concurrent factors: the collapse of the cotton industry following the boll weevil infestation, which began in 1898, and increased demand in the North for labor following the cessation of European immigration caused by the outbreak of the First World War in 1914. This assumption has led to the conclusion that the···················· But the question of who actually left the South has never been rigorously investigated. Although············
    0 0 回复 2017-01-04 19:23:44
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