中间图

Or

雷哥网GMAT>题库>精选题库>阅读RC>9547

阅读RC-9547 (第3/4题) Time Cost00:00
收藏
报告题目错误
请选择错误类型:
请描述一下这个错误:

取消

The general density dependence model can be applied to explain the founding of specialist firms (those attempting to serve a narrow target market). According to this model, specialist foundings hinge on the interplay between legitimation and competitive forces, both of which are functions of the density (total number) of firms in a particular specialist population. Legitimation occurs as a new type of firm moves from being viewed as unfamiliar to being viewed as a natural way to organize. At low density levels, each founding increases legitimation, reducing barriers to entry and easing subsequent foundings. Competition occurs because the resources that firms seek--customers, suppliers, and employees--are limited, but as long as density is low relative to plentiful resources, the addition of another firm has a negligible impact on the intensity of competition. At high density levels, however, competitive effects outweigh legitimation effects, discouraging foundings. The more numerous the competitors, the fiercer the competition will be and the smaller will be the incentive for new firms to enter the field.

While several studies have found a significant correspondence between the density dependence model and actual patterns of foundings, other studies have found patterns not consistent with the model. A possible explanation for this inconsistency is that legitimation and competitive forces transcend national boundaries, while studies typically restrict their analysis to the national level. Thus a national-level analysis can understate the true legitimation and competitive forces as well as the number of foundings in an industry that is internationally integrated. Many industries are or are becoming international, and since media and information easily cross national borders, so should legitimation and its effects on overseas foundings. For example, if a type of firm becomes established in the United States, that information transcends borders, reduces uncertainties, and helps foundings of that type of firm in other countries. Even within national contexts, studies have found more support for the density dependence model when they employ broader geographic units of analysis--for example, finding that the model's operation is seen more clearly at the state and national levels than at city levels.

The passage suggests that when a population of specialist firms reaches a high density level, which of the following is likely to occur?

  • 分析A选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析B选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析C选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析D选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • 分析E选项
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
暂无雷哥网文字解析
当前版本由 kisenana 更新于2015-11-04 11:52:22 感谢由 kisenana 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
关键词high density level、
定位第一段最后两句:At high density levels, however, competitive effects outweigh legitimation effects, discouraging foundings. The more numerous the competitors, the fiercer the competition will be and the smaller will be the incentive for new firms to enter the field.也就是说原则上density高,founding是被阻碍的

选项A 正确
选项B encourage many firms to broaden their target market.鼓励扩大目标市场 未提及
选项C foundings will be encouraged.错误
选项D will abandon their loyalty to older firms as more innovative firms enter the market.未提及
选项E begin to cross national borders in an attempt to gain a competitive advantage.未提及

题目讨论 (1条评论)

用户头像
提交
  • 用户头像
    293784xcq

    我觉得有问题啊,原文说 the smaller will be the incentive for new firms to enter the field --- 这只能说明新的founding会减少, 但这并不意味着总的foundings会减少decline。 就像经济增长率降低,但是经济还是在增长的,经济并没有倒退
    0 0 回复 2020-03-13 16:04:32
    题号选择

    科目: 阅读RC

    • 句子改错SC
    • 逻辑CR
    • 阅读RC
    • 数据充分DS
    • 问题求解PS
    • 综合推理IR

    来源: 精选题库

    • 全部
    • OG20
    • OG20新题
    • OG19新题
    • OG18新题
    • OG18分册
    • OG17新题
    • OG16
    • OG12
    • 破解版12
    • 破解版08
    • 破解版07
    • GWD
    • 精选题库
    • OG18自测章
    • Manhattan
    • magoosh
    • 难题300
    本题信息

    2m10s

    平均耗时

    79%

    平均正确率

    • 题目来源1:精选题库

    该题由网友UUWVXKY提供 上传GMAT题

    • 手机注册
    • 邮箱注册
    登录>







    关闭图标

    标题图

    • 图标

      知识库学习

      GMAT语法、逻辑、阅读、数学各单项备考知识点学习及测验
    • 图标

      在线做题

      包含GMAT各单项必考知识点题目、OG/PREP/GWD/雷哥讲义题目、难度650/680/700/730题库题目练习及题目解析
    • 图标

      在线模考

      语文套题/数学套题/全套仿真模考,包含GWD/PERP/精选模考等上百套套题模考
    • 图标

      在线测评

      适合5种不同基础的GMAT学员,测评后可自动出具分数报告及复习计划指导
    • 图标

      资料下载

      GMAT必备备考资料下载、鸡精下载、课程课件等免费下载
    • 图标

      课程学习

      注册会员后,可在GMAT课程区,选择免费直播课程及公开课程进行在线学习
    ×
    请你选择你要查看的模考成绩单
    立即开通 暂不开通
    加载图片
    网络异常