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After evidence was obtained in the 1920s that the universe is expanding, it became reasonable to ask: Will the universe continue to expand indefinitely, or is there enough mass in it for the mutual attraction of its constituents to bring this expansion to a halt? It can be calculated that the critical density of matter needed to brake the expansion and “close” the universe is equivalent to three hydrogen atoms per cubic meter. But the density of the observable universe—luminous matter in the form of galaxies—comes to only a fraction of this. If the expansion of the universe is to stop, there must be enough invisible matter in the universe to exceed the luminous matter in density by a factor of roughly 70.

Our contribution to the search for this “missing matter” has been to study the rotational velocity of galaxies at various distances from their center of rotation. It has been known for some time that outside the bright nucleus of a typical spiral galaxy luminosity falls off rapidly with distance from the center. If luminosity were a true indicator of mass, most of the mass would be concentrated toward the center. Outside the nucleus the rotational velocity would decrease geometrically with distance from the center, in conformity with Kepler’s law. Instead we have found that the rotational velocity in spiral galaxies either remains constant with increasing distance from the center or increases slightly. This unexpected result indicates that the falloff in luminous mass with distance from the center is balanced by an increase in nonluminous mass.

Our findings suggest that as much as 90 percent of the mass of the universe is not radiating at any wavelength with enough intensity to be detected on the Earth. Such dark matter could be in the form of extremely dim stars of low mass, of large planets like Jupiter, or of black holes, either small or massive. While it has not yet been determined whether this mass is sufficient to close the universe, some physicists consider it significant that estimates are converging on the critical value.

It can be inferred from information presented in the passage that if the density of the universe were equivalent to significantly less than three hydrogen atoms per cubic meter, which of the following would be true as a consequence?

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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当前版本由 kisenana 更新于2015-11-02 14:59:30 感谢由 kisenana 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
infer推理题
关键词the density of the universe were equivalent to significantly less than three hydrogen atoms per cubic meter,定位到It can be calculated that the critical density of matter needed to brake the expansion and “close” the universe is equivalent to three hydrogen atoms per cubic meter.意思是需要停止宇宙爆炸的密度需求是three hydrogen atoms per,那么就是说达不到这个密度,就不会停止爆炸,一直爆炸下去,
选项A Luminosity would be a true indicator of mass.层次未提及
选项B rotate at the same velocity.第2段内容,该层次未提及
选项C 正确
选项D 推太远,题目知识问比three hydrogen atoms 小的密度的情况下,会发生什么事,是宇宙不会停止爆炸,到这里就推理结束了。而D已经是在你在这种可见宇宙密度不够的情况下要停止爆炸的一个推理。
选项呢E located in their nuclei than in their outer regions.未提及

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