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Some historians contend that conditions in the United States during the Second World War gave rise to a dynamic wartime alliance between trade unions and the African American community, an alliance that advanced the cause of civil rights. They conclude that the postwar demise of this vital alliance constituted a lost opportunity for the civil rights movement that followed the war. Other scholars, however, have portrayed organized labor as defending all along the relatively privileged position of white workers relative to African American workers. Clearly, these two perspectives are not easily reconcilable, but the historical reality is not reducible to one or the other.

Unions faced a choice between either maintaining the prewar status quo or promoting a more inclusive approach that sought for all members the right to participate in the internal affairs of unions, access to skilled and high-paying positions within the occupational hierarchy, and protection against management's arbitrary authority in the workplace. While union representatives often voiced this inclusive ideal, in practice unions far more often favored entrenched interests. The accelerating development of the civil rights movement following the Second World War exacerbated the unions' dilemma, forcing trade unionists to confront contradictions in their own practices.

The "unions' dilemma" mentioned in the text can best be described as the question of whether or not to

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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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当前版本由 kisenana 更新于2015-11-04 11:18:21 感谢由 kisenana 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
关键词unions' dilemma, 定位到第二段

TU faced a choice:是maintain prewar status quo还是promote a more inclusive approach. 这里face a choice就是delimma
选项A create more skilled and high-paying positions创造更多position未提及
选项B in management decisions未提及
选项C minority workers未提及
选项D 正确
选项E emphasize the recruitment of new members 未提及

题目讨论 (2条评论)

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    ycy想上700

    遇到问refer/mention的题目,一般要看往前看一句,或者往后看一句,往前看一句。后面那句其实是结果状语,并没有解释困境是啥。所以往前看一句,While union representatives often voiced this inclusive ideal, in practice unions far more often favored entrenched interests. 我做的时候这句话意思没读出来,while翻译成了当什么时候,但实际应该是虽然的意思,就是:虽然工会代表经常注重包容性的理念,但实际上工会经常更倾向于根深蒂固的利益,也就是白人的利益。
    1 0 回复 2021-10-30 16:40:51
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    495781n

    这啥解析.....
    0 0 回复 2021-08-08 10:00:43
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