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Some historians contend that conditions in the United States during the Second World War gave rise to a dynamic wartime alliance between trade unions and the African American community, an alliance that advanced the cause of civil rights. They conclude that the postwar demise of this vital alliance constituted a lost opportunity for the civil rights movement that followed the war. Other scholars, however, have portrayed organized labor as defending all along the relatively privileged position of white workers relative to African American workers. Clearly, these two perspectives are not easily reconcilable, but the historical reality is not reducible to one or the other.

Unions faced a choice between either maintaining the prewar status quo or promoting a more inclusive approach that sought for all members the right to participate in the internal affairs of unions, access to skilled and high-paying positions within the occupational hierarchy, and protection against management's arbitrary authority in the workplace. While union representatives often voiced this inclusive ideal, in practice unions far more often favored entrenched interests. The accelerating development of the civil rights movement following the Second World War exacerbated the unions' dilemma, forcing trade unionists to confront contradictions in their own practices.

According to the passage, the historians mentioned in the first highlighted portion of text and the scholars mentioned in the second highlighted portion disagree about the

  • 分析A选项
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  • 分析B选项
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  • 分析C选项
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  • 分析D选项
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  • 分析E选项
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当前版本由 kisenana 更新于2015-11-04 11:12:06 感谢由 kisenana 对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。
定位到两个highlight的部分,两个观点不同的地方

some historian的观点:二战时期美国的condition促进TU和AAC的联合,这个联合advance the cause of civil right.
other scholar的观点:TU一直都是维护白人权利的,而不是黑人
也就是TU和AAC到底是联合一派的关系还是对立的关系

选项A organized labor在战争时的贡献,未提及
选项B 二战时期union 成员最重要 未提及
选项C 正确
选项D 二战对union在workshop里面的作用 未提及
选项E 每个黑人在二战之后社会政治的改变中的受益 未提及

题目讨论 (1条评论)

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    是Emma呀

    highlight在哪???
    0 0 回复 2019-03-30 16:13:37
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